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Phalaenopsis orchid lives in the Philippines, Southeast Asia. Places with high humidity and warm climates.
These factors must be taken into account in order to successfully grow it at home. How to do this will be discussed below.
This article describes in detail how to properly care for the Phalaenopsis orchid at home, useful recommendations are given.
Differences in content
Difference between varieties
Pleasant or Amabilis
The flowers are white, about 10 cm in diameter, with yellow-red lips in the center. After flowering, the peduncle is cut off. Unpretentious care. The humidity level is 80%.
Peduncles about 30 cm long, can bloom again. Air humidity 80 - 90%. Maintain soil moisture, water 3 times a week.
Large leaves 60 - 100 cm, flowers 3 - 7 cm. Demanding to light, water once a week. Sensitive to root damage, so transplant every 3 years, in spring and summer. After transplanting, do not water for two weeks.
They differ in the oblong shape of the petals. Temperature drops: during the day 25 - 30 degrees, at night 15 - 20. Change the soil after 2 years. The plant does not need a dormant period.
It resembles a butterfly in shape. Transplant immediately after purchase. Water once a week, in winter - once every 10 days.
Purchased and indoor plants: what are the differences between them?
In flower shops, plants adopt various diseases and pests. Therefore, after purchasing, isolate the flower from the rest for a month. During this period, the plant adapts to the microclimate of the room. The first two weeks may not ooze aroma.
Change the soil, rinse the leaves from possible pests, while avoiding getting water on the flowers of the plant. Do not fertilize for a month.
How to properly care for a flower at home?
The flower is hard to tolerate moving, put by the window, but avoid direct sunlight. Phalaenopsis must absorb light for at least 12 hours. In order not to grow in one direction after a while, turn 180 °.
Ventilate the room well, place it away from radiators. If the plant is on a windowsill, then make sure that the leaves do not touch the glass, especially in winter.
Transparent pots are suitable for phalaenopsis, since the roots also need light for the process of photosynthesis. There are special baskets for orchids that allow a lot of air and hanging pots with perforations. This option is used in a damp room so that excess moisture leaves the roots. If the air is dry, then use closed classic pots.
Components for soil preparation:
- if the room is dry, then use moisture-retaining components - sphagnum moss and coconut fibers;
- pine bark is enough for rooms with humid air;
- Add bark to prevent mold and salt formation.
Change the soil after 3 - 4 years.
Video about what kind of soil is needed for growing phalaenopsis:
The most optimal location is east, southeast, southwest, west. On the north side, the plant will wither due to lack of light, and on the south, sunburn is dangerous. Fluorescent lighting will also work. 60W lamps are placed at a distance of about 30 cm from the flower.
With the onset of the heating season, the air is very dry. For a flower, a comfortable humidity level is 60%. There are several options:
- use a humidifier;
- spray with a spray bottle with small drops;
- arrange saucers of water.
It is imperative to remove water from the sinuses of the flower, in order to avoid decay.
In the room, maintain a temperature of 20 - 25 degrees, not below 18 and not above 30 degrees. For good flowering, it is useful to arrange jumps in temperature by five degrees downward.
From excess water in the substrate, the roots can rot, so water after the soil dries out. The water temperature is about 24 - 25 degrees, not higher than 28. Watering time is morning. Interval 1 - 2 days, based on room humidity.
Some species require watering once a week or less.
- From the watering can around the edges of the pot.
- Immerse in water for a couple of minutes.
- Spray (but do not get on the flowers).
The water should be soft, use melt water or rainwater. Leave tap water for a day so that chlorine evaporates and salts settle. Then filter.
Video about the correct watering of the phalaenopsis orchid:
Flower shops sell special food for orchids. Read the instructions before use. Only healthy plants are fertilized.
During flowering, you should refrain from feeding, since fertilizer speeds up the metabolism and the flowers will quickly fall off. If the orchid is transplanted or bought in a store, then fertilize it in a month.
Video about feeding Phalaenopsis orchids:
Periodic inspection to identify problems
The slightest deviations in temperature, humidity and room illumination can lead to diseases and pests.
- Gray rot. White fluffy spots appear on the flowers. They are removed, and the wound is sprinkled with wood ash.
- Black rot. Black spots form on the leaves. The infected area is also treated. Isolate from other plants until it passes.
Rot occurs in humid rooms with a temperature of less than 15 degrees. In these conditions, it is difficult for phalaenopsis to fight diseases. For rehabilitation, create favorable conditions.
- Black spots on the leaves. The diseased leaves are cut off. Ventilate often, but avoid drafts.
Inspect the plant for pests. The source of the appearance of parasites is contaminated soil. Before transplanting, the soil is poured with boiling water.
- Aphid. Their habitat is shoots and flowers. Wash off with warm water and baby soap and spray with chemicals.
- Shield. They can be mistaken for debris on the leaves. Light brown bulky bumps. They can also be rinsed with warm water, removing with a toothbrush and soap.
During diseases, keep the plant at rest. Do not fertilize, do not water. It is imperative to isolate from healthy ones. The quarantine lasts for about a month.
In the photo you can see what a home orchid looks like if properly cared for.
Mistakes of novice florists and ways to avoid them
- Water overnight. Since the temperature is lower at night than during the day. Roots rot and become moldy.
- Place near batteries. The soil may dry out.
- Leave in the sun. Leaves and flowers can get burned. Place the walls near the window in the shade.
- Do not water with chlorinated water, stand at room temperature for 24 hours.
- Add fertilizer in large proportions. In such cases, the plant gets overdose and the consequences are unpredictable. Read the instructions carefully.
- In a dry environment and with occasional watering, the leaves may lose their elasticity and become wrinkled. Take a warm shower immediately or immerse the pot in warm water for a couple of hours.
- If the roots disappear, this is due to overflow. Remove the plant from the soil, rinse in warm water and place in moist moss. Stop watering completely.
- After purchase, the flower is placed separately from the rest.
- Change the soil every 3 - 4 years.
- The temperature of the plant is 20 - 25 degrees.
- Watering with soft water at room temperature.
- Moderate lighting, no direct sunlight. Electric lighting is applicable.
- Top dressing is strictly according to the instructions.
Compliance with these rules will avoid problems in the future, even for novice florists.