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A plant with a unique aroma - basil: useful properties, application and contraindications

 A plant with a unique aroma - basil: useful properties, application and contraindications



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Basil is the owner of a unique taste and aroma. As a seasoning, it has long been used in the world of culinary.

Think basil is only used in the kitchen? But the unique properties, due to the chemical composition and the ratio of BJU, determine the value of basil in medicine.

Let's talk about the beneficial and harmful properties of the herb and seeds of this amazing plant, as well as contraindications to its use. Learn all about this amazing condiment.

The healing effect of a plant on the human body

The healing "talents" of this herb are due to the presence of vitamins and minerals in its composition. Basil:

  • Contains phytoncides and vitamin C, which have a tonic effect, helping to increase immunity.
  • Provides the body with 50% of the daily dose of vitamin K, which strengthens bones and heart muscles.
  • Increases the content of hemoglobin in the blood, because contains iron. In 100 grams of leaves - the daily rate.
  • Possesses antibacterial properties.
  • Includes vitamin A, which is very beneficial for eyesight and reduces the risk of cancer.
  • Contains the substance eugenol, which suppresses inflammatory processes in musculoskeletal diseases (arthritis, rheumatism).
  • It is an antispasmodic, helps with toothaches.
  • Has a sedative effect, is recommended for nervous disorders and headaches.
  • Contains substances such as camphor, myrcene, citronellol, which have an antiseptic effect.
  • Camphor, which is part of basil, has a beneficial effect on the respiratory system, helps in the treatment of influenza, asthma and other pulmonary diseases.
  • Thanks to beta-carotene, it protects the cells of the body from free radicals, lowers cholesterol levels.
  • It is used in the treatment of diseases of the oral cavity.
  • Basil seeds contribute to the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, relieves constipation, and relieves discomfort with bloating.

Basil is widely used in cosmetology.... It is a frequent component of masks, creams and shampoos for hair, as well as facial care products, since its antioxidants and antiseptics have a beneficial effect on skin and hair cells. Fresh spice juice speeds up the treatment of not only skin diseases (psoriasis, eczema, fungus and even lichen), but also soothes colic and exacerbations of gastritis.

Basil oil perfectly moisturizes and rejuvenates the skin, preventing the appearance of wrinkles.

Basil has established itself in the dietary menu. - its seeds soaked in water suppress hunger and aid natural weight loss.

Learn about the dangers and benefits of basil for men and women.

Chemical composition

What vitamins are contained in the plant? Per 100 g of basil in mg:

  • B1 (thiamine) 0.035-0.079.
  • B2 (riboflavin) 0.076-0.119.
  • B3 (pantothenic acid) 0.210-0.839.
  • B6 (pyridoxine) 0.156-1.341.
  • B9 (folic acid) 0.067-0.311.
  • C (ascorbic acid) 18.0.
  • E (alpha-tocopherol) 0.79-1.71.
  • Gamma-tocopherol 0.17-0.78.
  • PP (nicotinic acid) 0.903-4.91.
  • K (phylloquinone) 0.413-1.714.
  • Biotin 0.810.
  • Beta carotene 3.143.
  • Alpha carotene 0.112.
  • Lutein + Zeaxanthin 1.150-5.650.
  • Beta-cryptoxanthin 0.024-0.046.
  • Lycopene 0.392.
  • Choline 11.5-55.
  • Betaine trimethylglycine 0.4-16.0.
  • Methylmethionine sulfonium 3.79.

Macronutrients, mg (per 100g of basil):

  • Potassium 295.0.
  • Calcium 177.1.
  • Silicon 3.1-6.3.
  • Magnesium 63.9.
  • Sodium 4.1.
  • Sulfur 20.0.
  • Phosphorus 55.9.
  • Chlorine 27.8.

Trace elements, mcg (per 100g of basil):

  • Aluminum 98.
  • Boron 4.3.
  • Vanadium 6.2.
  • Iron 3170.0.
  • Iodine 9.1.
  • Cobalt 5.31.
  • Lithium 0.3.
  • Manganese 1150.0.
  • Copper 390.1.
  • Molybdenum 3.59.
  • Nickel 5.61.
  • Rubidium 17.1.
  • Selenium 0.31.
  • Strontium 17.1.
  • Fluorine 13.1.
  • Chromium 3.39.
  • Zinc 810.0.

Essential amino acids, g (per 100 g of basil):

  • Valine 0.128.
  • Histidine 0.052.
  • Isoleucine 0.107.
  • Leucine 0.190.
  • Lysine 0.19.
  • Methionine 0.036.
  • Threonine 0.103.
  • Tryptophan 0.038.
  • Phenylalanine 0.128.

Essential amino acids, g (per 100 g of basil):

  • Alanine 0.133.
  • Arginine 0.116.
  • Aspartic acid 0.29.
  • Glycine 0.124.
  • Glutamic acid 0.278.
  • Proline 0.105.
  • Serine 0.1.
  • Tyrosine 0.078.
  • Cystine 0.028.

What is the nutritional value of the plant? Its fresh calorie content: 23 kcal per 100 grams of product:

  1. Proteins: 3.15 g.
  2. Fat: 0.64 g.
  3. Carbohydrates: 1.05g.
  4. Energy value (protein / fat / carbohydrate ratio): 55% / 25% / 18%.

A photo

Check out the photo of this healing herb, the beneficial properties and contraindications of which are described in the article:

Is it healthy dried, boiled, and frozen?

In order for the spice to bring as many health benefits as possible, it is better to use it fresh, but also in dried form, basil is no less useful and full of vitamins... The difference lies only in a decrease in vitamin C. And the calorie content of dry spice increases to 230 kcal.

Basil is dried in the oven in a dryer or in the air. It is not dried in the open sun, only in the shade, otherwise the spice loses its aroma and taste.

In addition to widespread use in cooking for cooking, sauces, canning dried basil is used in medicine... For instance:

  • An infusion of dried basil leaves helps to improve digestion and awaken appetite.
  • Brewing dried spices for inflammation of the oral cavity (tonsillitis, stomatitis) has an antiseptic effect.
  • A dried sprig of basil under your pillow is a sure-fire remedy for sleep disturbances.
  • Moderate consumption of basil decoction is beneficial for overall well-being. Basil tea has tonic, tonic, antispasmodic, antiemetic properties, and also helps with problems with intestinal motility, normalizes the functioning of the liver and gallbladder.
  • Basil heals mouth ulcers, and in this case, the leaves should be brewed rather than chewed. fresh grass is bad for teeth. Thanks to the astringent effect, the basil decoction helps to strengthen the health of the gums, prevents the loss of teeth.
  • Boiled basil is used to make a compress for arthritis, radiculitis and rheumatism.

For long-term storage and use in winter, basil can be frozen... At the same time, its taste and aroma, as well as nutrients, are retained for a long time.

Health benefits and harms

Seed

Basil seeds have no less beneficial effect on the human body than its leaves:

  • They have antioxidant, pain relieving and antiseptic properties.
  • Helps maintain normal blood sugar levels.
  • When soaked in water, they form a jelly-like gruel that suppresses hunger, thereby contributing to weight loss during diet. Plus, the drink helps with bloating and constipation.
  • The antibacterial properties of basil seeds are helpful in treating bladder and vaginal infections.
  • Basil seeds help keep hair healthy and prevent hair loss thanks to protein and vitamin K.
  • Local application of a paste of crushed seeds prevents the deterioration of the wounds (antibacterial effect).
  • Prevents the formation of plaque in the arteries, reducing the risk of stroke.
  • Increases blood pressure.
  • They relieve the symptoms of burning in the genitourinary system during infections, and also, due to the diuretic effect, remove toxins from the body and normalize kidney function.

Experts recommend that pregnant women abstain from basil seeds because they help lower estrogen levels.

Oils

What is useful in plant oil? This is a very valuable product that is used in cosmetology and medicine. From 100 kg of basil, 2 kg of oil is obtained by distillation. Essential oil is an excellent first aid for burns, headache, asthma attack.

The oil must not be used after the expiration date. it synthesizes harmful substances that can cause poisoning.

Also, oil is contraindicated for:

  • allergies;
  • thrombosis;
  • hypertension;
  • epilepsy;
  • postinfarction condition;
  • pregnancy.

It is not recommended to use pure basil oil in aroma lamps.

We suggest watching a video on the benefits and uses of basil oil:

Contraindications

Along with a beneficial effect on the body there is also a certain harm to the basil... It is contraindicated for:

  • stroke or heart attack;
  • violations of the rate of blood clotting;
  • epilepsy;
  • dilated veins;
  • hypertension.

Why is grass dangerous? Like any medicinal plant, Basil turns into poison in excessive amounts, can cause poisoning. For example, when treating the oral cavity, you should adhere to the permissible dosage, otherwise the basil components will cause inflammation of the mucous membrane.

Why is basil harmful for pregnant women? Due to the high content of essential oil in the leaves, the tonic effect of basil on pregnant women is noted, which threatens with the tone of the uterus and premature birth.

When you consume large amounts of basil every day, mercury builds up in your body.

At what age is this product recommended for children? Strongly it is not recommended to use basil for cooking for children under two years old and medicinal mixtures for children under seven years old. The spices contain tannins that can be dangerous for an undeveloped gastrointestinal tract and mucous membranes of a child. Plus, basil can cause allergies.

What is it eaten with?

It is difficult to list all the dishes where you can add basil. These are all kinds of salads and hot soups, meat and fish dishes, pizza and sauces. The main thing is to add the basil at the very last moment, before serving. This is necessary for the preservation of vitamins and the opening of the aroma of essential oils.

We suggest watching a video about what basil is eaten with:

What is it used for?

  1. With pancreatitis... Experts do not classify basil as a forbidden spice for pancreatitis, but, despite this, they do not recommend eating it in the acute phase of the disease. Basil is characterized by stimulation of the production of gastric juice and pancreatic enzymes, and the fiber included in its composition can provoke diarrhea and abdominal pain.
  2. For hair... To add shine and speed up hair growth, apply a few drops of basil oil to the comb and comb through your hair. You can also rinse your hair with a spicy leaf product after washing.
  3. For immunity... Regular inclusion of basil in the diet helps to strengthen the body's immune system. In addition, it promotes rapid recovery from injuries and surgeries. One of the recipes is to brew 15 g of dried basil in a glass of boiling water. You need to insist this broth for about 20 minutes and drink 1/3 cup 3 times a day after meals.
  4. With arthritis... On the basis of the essential oil of basil, a colorless liquid eugenol is obtained, which is included in the composition of antiseptic and analgesic drugs. Compresses with eugenol significantly reduce arthritic pain and swelling in the knees. Massage with basil ether is effective for arthritis: mix 10 g of any massage oil with 5 drops of basil oil. Rub the mixture on a sore spot, observing the rules of massage.
  5. In facial cosmetology... Basil has regenerating properties, tones the skin and fights skin diseases. To prepare a refreshing tonic, stir 3 tbsp. chopped herbs in a glass of boiling water and strain after cooling.

    You can wash with the solution, and the gruel remaining after straining can be used as a mask. It will refresh the skin and eliminate skin rashes.

  6. In cosmetology for hands... Basil is an excellent remedy for hand skin problems. In particular, the spot application of juice 2-3 times a day on the affected areas (abrasions, scratches) helps in the early healing of wounds, elimination of inflammation and the renewal of skin cells. For eczema, itchy skin and dermatitis, infused basil baths are effective.

When losing weight

The seeds can be part of a weight loss diet. How to eat them while retaining the maximum amount of nutrients? When added to water, they form a thick puree that can be consumed between meals to curb appetite. Besides, basil seeds help eliminate excess cholesterol and toxins, accelerate metabolism.

For inclusion in the dietary menu, you can prepare a dessert with coconut milk or cream. To do this, pour cold water into a cup with seeds, and after they swell, the water is drained and coconut milk is added.

Does it help mosquitoes?

Basil leaf lotions relieve itching after an insect bite... A couple of basil sprigs in the room near the bed will scare away midges and mosquitoes.

Thus, in addition to its culinary benefits, basil is highly valued in medicine and cosmetology. A wide range of nutrients endowed this herb with unique healing properties.

In general, the benefits and harms of basil herbs and seeds are due to the amount of the plant in the daily menu. Excessive dosages of the plant may not be beneficial even to perfectly healthy people.

We suggest watching a video about the use, benefits and dangers of basil:


Watch the video: Boost your Immune System. Basil or Tulsi Tea. The Frugal Chef (August 2022).