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Flowering begonia is the queen of indoor plants, the favorite of many women. This beauty has a varied flower shape with a luxurious palette of shades.
Begonia is considered one of the most beloved indoor plants, because the beauty of its flowering is mesmerizing, and the length of the flowering period allows you to admire this extraordinary beauty for a long time.
Its luxurious flowers are similar to the buds of roses, carnations or peonies, the color range varies from white, yellow, red to all kinds of transitional shades.
The names of the main species according to Vorontsov and photos
In the genus begonias, there are more than one and a half thousand species, but are used in the form of ornamental plants, of which only one hundred and twenty-five species.
Doctor of Agricultural Sciences Valentin Viktorovich Vorontsov identified the main types of begonias:
- decorative deciduous;
- beautifully flowering.
Beautifully flowering and tuberous indoor plants are the most popular among gardeners.
There are one hundred twenty-five types of begonias in gardening. and a large number of hybrids, since a huge and active work has been carried out by breeders over the past decades. Begonia is a perennial plant with a variety of stems. The roots of the flower are either highly branched or form tubers. Lateral inflorescences grow constantly, they form in the axils of the leaves and consist of three to five male and female flowers.
Begonia flowers have:
- Zygomorphism (irregular shape).
- Bright perianth.
The male flower contains:
- four round or oval petals;
- two sepals;
- two membranous bracts.
The female flower contains:
- four to five petals;
- a cup of three sepals;
- two bracts.
The peculiarity of begonia is that it loves warmth and moisture. But there are significant differences between modern varieties in this regard. For example, varieties from hot climates bloom well at high temperatures and low humidity of soil and air; varieties from countries with cold spring and autumn can tolerate temperatures down to zero degrees.
Decorative signs and plant height depend on the growing conditions. From a lack of light, an excess of high temperature and humidity, begonia shoots are strongly stretched. Begonia is unpretentious to the soil, but the abundance of flowering will be only on fertile and moisture-absorbing soil with neutral acidity.
Originally a flower from the Antilles, where it was first discovered by members of a scientific expedition organized by Michel Begon. Charles Plumier, a botanist from the same expedition who was involved in the description of this unknown plant at that time, decided to name it after the head of the expedition.
In the second half of the nineteenth century, new types of begonias were found in different countries. Royal begonia was found in India, Veitch begonia in Peru, Pierce's begonia was found in Bolivia, and tuberous begonia was found in South America.
A flower of dazzling fiery color. This hybrid forms dense inflorescences of waxy flowers with irregularly ruffled edges. The outer petals are wide; closer to the center, their size decreases. The main feature is a bright apricot-orange color, with a thin strip along the edges of the petals.
Similar to Party Dress, but the character of the color is slightly different. This is one of the most compact and lush varieties. The flowers are up to nine centimeters in diameter, very large and densely doubled.
At the same time, it resembles a rose and a peony with its buds. Plant height reaches thirty centimeters. Small leaves perfectly emphasize the size of the buds, which can reach ten centimeters in diameter. The Camellia variety has an interesting color: the white edges of the petals smoothly flow into the rich pink base of the bud.
It resembles Camellia, but very different from it in color: the red edges of the petals continue on a white base in irregular strokes. Because of such motley ripples, Marmorata is often compared to carnations, because it is for them that such a pattern is characteristic.
Terry, large-flowered begonia. Due to the ruffles around the edges of the petals, the flowers are very similar to carnations. The color of the buds is uneven. The colors range from white, light pink to orange, yellow, cream and hot pink. Samba buds reach nine centimeters in diameter.
A hybrid variety of begonia. It can reach a height of forty centimeters, it is distinguished by very dense greenery. Despite this, the flowers literally cover the surface of the bushes, as they bloom in impressive numbers. The buds are up to eight centimeters in diameter.
Exclusive hybrid of begonia. It grows in height by only twenty centimeters, and the diameter of the buds does not exceed three centimeters. Flowers are white. Olomouc begonia leaves are rounded, with a hat-like bend; form small bushes in which snow-white flowers "sit" - this picture resembles neat bouquets of white flowers.
The flower took on the same virtues as Olomouc, but its petals look more tender and quivering. The large bright pink border turns to the snow-white tone of the two large central petals with a fluffy lemon-colored center - this color resembles the flowering of apple trees in spring.
Bushes of this variety reach twenty-five centimeters in height. The greenery is inconspicuous, with a slight red tint, on which inflorescences are located with drooping buds. The diameter of the flowers varies: even on one bush, buds from five to nine centimeters in diameter can be located. The petals combine thousands of shades.
This variety appeared on the market only in 2017. The shape of the flower resembles a drooping chamomile due to its irregular doubleness and narrow petals. Yellow stamens, pink pedicels, acrylic tone of petals and incredible grace - all these qualities almost immediately won the hearts of flower growers.
A hybrid that forms small bushes up to fifty centimeters high. The plants are slender, slightly drooping. The leaves are round, wavy at the edge, ten centimeters in diameter. The flowers reach two and a half centimeters in diameter. The petals are simple, pink with different shades and white.
This begonia forms bushes up to thirty-five centimeters high. The leaves are rounded, serrated at the edges. Elatior flowers reach five centimeters in diameter. The shape of the buds is terry or semi-double. The color of the flowers can be any.
How to propagate Elatior begonia is described here, and this article provides details on caring for this variety at home.
Large bushy plant with erect stems. Leaves are egg-shaped with pointed ends. The surface of the leaves is green, with white blotches. The flowers are bright coral in color with pale blurring, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences.
Begonia is different: there are varieties of herbaceous plants that do not exceed three centimeters in height; and there are shrubs with high branches. Some species have no stem or only one leaf. As for the color, the leaves of the begonia are green on top; on the underside, they can be covered with solid color or spots and patterns. Begonia blooms with bright flowers of warm and varied shades.
We offer you to watch a video about the varieties of begonias: