Useful tips for gardeners on how to grow large and healthy white cabbage

 Useful tips for gardeners on how to grow large and healthy white cabbage

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From time immemorial, cabbage has occupied an honorable place on the tables of people of all classes. It was called the third bread for its nutritional value, affordability and excellent taste.

For a modern person, this is an irreplaceable food product, especially since there are hundreds of healthy and tasty recipes with this vegetable.

Recently, interest in growing this crop among gardeners has been steadily growing. Breeders are offering many new varieties and hybrids suitable for growing even under extreme conditions.

How to properly care for white cabbage and what possible problems a gardener may face - we will talk later in the article.

Important features and secrets

Cabbage is a biennial plant, in the first year of life it actively grows and develops, forming a head of cabbage, and in the second year it produces flower stalks with seeds. In most cases, cabbage is planted in seedlings.... Seedlings are grown at home or in a greenhouse, and seedlings are planted in the ground in late April - early May.

Reference! Cabbage is a light-loving plant, thickened planting or placing a cabbage patch in the shade of other plants or buildings will result in loss of yield.

The plant loves moisture very much... The water produced by the branched root system is quickly evaporated by large leaves, and in the dry period, regular watering of the plantings is necessarily carried out, it is good to do this by sprinkling. Insufficient soil moisture leads to the extinction of the plant, slowing down, and then to the termination of the formation of the head of cabbage.

The ambient temperature is also important for a good cabbage harvest. The most comfortable plants for growth are + 17-18 ° С. Already at + 25 ° C, the development of the plant slows down, and at + 35 ° C, the formation of a head of cabbage stops. Now, on the shelves of specialized stores, you can pick up varieties and varieties of cabbage that feel good even at high temperatures.

Cabbage loves nutritious soil and reacts very well to feeding with organic fertilizers and microelements. It is better to start preparing a place for cabbage in the fall, adding manure or compost to the soil. When applying mineral fertilizers, the dosage is strictly calculated, since cabbage accumulates nitrates in its leaves.

Cabbage ripening times vary from 50-70 days for early ripening varieties, 90-100 days for mid-ripening varieties and 115-120 days for late varieties of cabbage.

After what crops and how to plant?

The best predecessors of cabbage are legumes and cereals, cucumbers, onions, and root vegetables. Can cabbage be planted after other members of the cruciferous family (turnip, radish, radish)? No, this is not recommended. Moreover, in one place, cabbage can grow no more than 2-3 years, and re-planting on this site is carried out no earlier than after 4 years.

Planting dates in the garden

When determining the timing of planting cabbage, the growing region, variety and variety of cabbage are taken into account. For each variety, manufacturers indicate the most favorable time for planting.

General recommendations for the timing of planting are as follows:

  • Early cabbage varieties are sown for seedlings from the end of February and throughout March (see this article about when to plant cabbage for seedlings and how to do it).
  • Mid-season varieties - from early April to the end of the month.
  • Late varieties - at the end of April.

The best varieties

When choosing a cabbage variety, the first thing to do is determine the desired harvest timehow and when it will be eaten. Early varieties of cabbage are used as food immediately after harvest. You can ferment it, but such a product will not last long.

The yield of early cabbage is not very high, and the range of flavors is not very diverse.

Among the early varieties, the following are deservedly popular:

  • June;
  • "Kazachok";
  • Parel f1;
  • "Early Ditmar";
  • "Golden Hectare";
  • "Transfer f1".

Mid-season cabbage varieties are used both for preparing fresh salads and for pickling. They are well preserved throughout autumn and until the beginning of winter. Popular representatives of mid-season varieties are:

  • "Countess f1";
  • Revenge f1;
  • "Glory 1305";
  • "Belorusskaya 455";
  • "Present".

Late varieties of cabbage are well preserved almost until the next season, suitable for pickling and pickling. It:

  • "Moscow";
  • Mara;
  • "Amager";
  • Creumont f1.

Recommendations for the selection of seeds

  1. The quality and quantity of the harvest depends on how high-quality cabbage seeds will be selected for planting. You can buy seeds from the manufacturer through a distribution network, or grow them yourself.
  2. When making a purchase, for additional guarantee, it is advisable to ask the seller for a quality certificate for the purchased product.
  3. The cost of a packet of cabbage seeds ranges from 2 to 50 rubles, depending on the manufacturer, weight, novelty and elite variety. You should not chase cheapness, give preference to trusted suppliers.

Where to place, how to prepare the soil?

Cabbage is demanding on the fertility and structure of the soil. The best option for this plant will be loamy soils with a high nutrient content, with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction, and with good water retention characteristics. If the soil is acidic, then the preparation of the beds for planting cabbage begins in the fall., introducing dolomite flour or fluff lime into the soil.

In the spring, when planting seedlings, organic fertilizer (manure or humus) and wood ash are added to the holes. After that, the soil is thoroughly spilled with water and proceeds to planting.

Step-by-step instructions on how to grow a vegetable for the winter in the traditional way

The most common method of planting cabbage is through seedlings. We will tell you how to grow it from seeds on your own, where and how long the seedlings grow.

  • Seed preparation.

    Before planting, the seeds are checked for germination. To do this, they are laid out on the surface of a damp cloth, wrapped and left for 4-5 days, making sure that the fabric does not dry out. Sprouted seeds are used for planting.

    To protect against diseases and accelerate germination, seeds are immersed in hot water for 15 minutes, then soaked in a solution of complex fertilizer for 12 hours, washed and hardened in a refrigerator at low positive temperatures for 1 day.

  • Sowing.
    1. A soil prepared from peat, sand and sod land is poured into the prepared container in a ratio of 1: 1: 1.
    2. Spill the surface with a solution of potassium permanganate.
    3. Shallow grooves are made in the ground at a distance of 3 centimeters from each other.
    4. Seeds are placed in the grooves at intervals of 1 centimeter.
    5. Sprinkle with earth on top and compact a little so that there are no voids around the seeds.
    6. The container is covered with glass on top and placed on the windowsill.

    On the 4-5th day, the first shoots appear. After the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are transferred to a room with a temperature of about 7-8 ° C so that the seedlings do not stretch out. After another 1-2 weeks, the plants dive into separate cups, deepening to the cotyledonous leaves. At the time of planting in open ground, the seedlings should have at least 4 true leaves.

  • Watering.

    Do not allow the soil to dry out in cups with cabbage seedlings. Watering is carried out as needed, with water at room temperature. A few days before disembarking to a permanent place, watering stops.

  • Hardening.

    2 weeks before planting the seedlings in the ground, the seedlings begin to harden with a lower temperature and sun in order to minimize stress for the plants when transplanting to a permanent place.

  • Top dressing.

    It is recommended to carry out 2 feeding of cabbage seedlings. When two true leaves appear, foliar dressing is carried out by spraying the plants with a solution of complex fertilizer. And with the beginning of the seedling hardening period, root feeding is carried out with a solution of urea and potassium sulfate (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water).

  • Landing in open ground.

    Work on planting cabbage seedlings in open ground is carried out in the afternoon, when the sun is not so active. It is important to know what to add to the hole when planting. Organic fertilizer (manure or humus) and wood ash are added to the wells, well spilled with water at room temperature. The seedlings are buried to the first true leaves.

    Important! The center of the outlet must remain above ground level.

    You can find useful information about growing cabbage outdoors here.

  • Protection and care of seedlings after planting.

    To protect from the bright spring sun, planting cabbage for several days is shaded with a covering material. Within a week after planting, the plants are watered twice a day.

Further, a visual and informative video about planting and growing cabbage from seedlings:

Seedless technology

With this method, cabbage seeds are sown in open ground immediately to a permanent place. Seedlings need protection from adverse conditions, and in this capacity, for example, polyethylene bottles are used.

  1. Sowing is carried out in moistened holes of 2-3 seeds.
  2. Sprinkle on top with humus or compost and lightly tamp.
  3. A plastic bottle is installed on top, from which the bottom was cut off.

Water the plants around the protective caps.

Until 3-4 real leaves appear on the seedlings, the caps on the bottles are not removed, only periodically conduct airing.

If several seedlings have grown in one hole, then after they get stronger, the strongest is left, and the rest are removed.

Differences in agricultural technology at home, in the open field and in the greenhouse

Growing cabbage at home is troublesome and ineffective... Early maturing varieties are suitable for this method. For the plant, you need to organize an open sunny place, provide the required temperature level during the period of laying the swing, monitor the moisture content of the soil.

Growing in a greenhouse can be used during the winter. In the summer, the increased temperature of the greenhouses will have a bad effect on the development of plants and on the future harvest. The best method for growing cabbage is outdoor planting.

A photo

In the photo offered to your attention below, you can see how to plant cabbage seedlings.

These photos show how white cabbage grows after planting.

How to take care of it properly?

Caring for cabbage planted in a permanent place consists of watering, feeding and protecting against diseases and pests.

  • Watering... It is enough to water the established plants abundantly once a week with settled water. Watering is carried out in the morning or evening hours.
  • Top dressing... Fertilizers are applied under the cabbage 3-4 times per season. It can be both complex fertilizers with microelements and organic matter. The first feeding is carried out no earlier than 20 days after planting the seedlings in the ground.

Harvesting and storage

Early cabbage varieties are ready for harvest in July - August, mid-ripening - in September - early October, and late varieties are harvested in the second half of October - November. Depending on the region of cultivation, the timing may vary. Heads of cabbage are cut with a knife and stored at low positive temperatures and moderate humidity.

Reference! If you have a cellar, you can dig out the whole plant, clean the roots from the earthy coma, and put it in this form in the cellar. This option allows you to keep the harvest longer.

The following is a useful video on how to store cabbage for the winter:

Possible problems

The main problem that gardeners face when growing cabbage is that the plants do not form heads of cabbage. There can be many reasons, from the center damaged or deepened during planting, to unfavorable temperature conditions, under which the development of the plant and the formation of the head of cabbage cease.

Diseases, pests and control of them

Like most plants belonging to the cruciferous family, cabbage is affected by a large number of pests... The most common of them are cruciferous fleas, cabbage weevil, white beetle, cabbage fly, aphids, slugs.

Such diseases of cabbage as black leg, phomosis (dry rot), keela, etc., most often occur when crop rotation and agricultural technology of cabbage cultivation are disturbed.

The use of insecticides and fungicides will protect and prevent cabbage from being damaged by diseases and pests.... For the prevention of diseases, after picking the plants can be treated with "Rizoplan". From folk remedies, wood ash and tobacco dust have proven themselves well.

Further, an informative video about cabbage diseases:

How can you occupy the beds after a white vegetable?

On the beds, which this year was occupied by cabbage, next season you can plant: beets, onions, carrots, garlic, tomatoes, eggplants. It is not advisable to plant cruciferous plants (radish, radish, turnip, cabbage, etc.).

When growing cabbage, it is important to observe all stages of agricultural technology and crop rotation of this crop. And then the risk of plant disease and damage by pests will significantly decrease. And the owners' reward for the work done will be an excellent harvest of high quality.

Watch the video: How to Grow Cabbage - Tips from Seeds, Planting, Growing, Harvesting Cabbage (June 2022).


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