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All about the room beauty of Gloxinia: about varieties and growing at home

 All about the room beauty of Gloxinia: about varieties and growing at home



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Gloxinia is a tropical flower native to Latin America. It got its name in honor of the world famous botanist from France Benjamin Gloxin. A perennial plant from the genus Gesneriaceae is a perennial grasses and shrubs.

Today, the colorful bells of this plant adorn people's homes all over the planet, charging the owners with positive energy. In this article we will tell you everything about it: about the meaning of a flower for the house, how it looks, how to provide decent care for it, as well as about feeding methods. We will find out if it is possible to make a business with your favorite colors.

Distinctive features

The height of the flower can be from very tiny 5-6 centimeters, up to 70 or more centimeters. Differs in size due to the fact that some species belong to grasses, and some to semi-shrubs. The main species, however, are still herbaceous plants.

Gloxinia's annual life cycle begins in early spring and continues until late fall.... During the cold season, the plant is in suspended animation and minimizes its activity. The herbaceous part of the flower dies off, and the bulb remains to survive the winter with the help of nutrients accumulated over the summer (read about the features of wintering gloxinia and about caring for it during the dormant period in this material). It is noteworthy that many attribute gloxinia to tuberous plants, due to the similarity of its root system with fruits. Visually, the root of the plant looks like a carrot with scales and a blunt end.

With the arrival of the astronomical spring, the plant begins to awaken. Buds appear, the first leaves begin to peep out of the ground. Further, with the development of gloxinia, stems with a peduncle appear. Each of them can have from one to seven buds, which soon bloom. The distinctive features of gloxinia flowers include:

  • Visual similarity to bells.
  • Bright shades of color.
  • Long duration of flowering (see here what to do with gloxinia after flowering).

Reproduction of gloxinia is possible in several ways at once: roots, leaves, seeds and pedicels... Such a wide range of methods is due to the extreme vitality of this plant.

Many lovers consider home gloxinia to look like a violet, but these are completely different plants, the main visual difference from each other will be the shape of the flower. For the heroine of this article, it, as noted, looks like a bell, and for a violet it is flatter. Also, the very number of flowers per plant will be more in the first case.

Types of plants and photos

Consider the most popular types of beautiful gloxinia with the name of the varieties, their descriptions and photos. To date, 14 types of gloxinia are known to the general public., which breeders are adapted for home cultivation.

Perennis

One of the most common types of flower. It grows as a small lush bush with heart-shaped leaves of a dark green color. The flowers are mostly small, blue, lilac and purple hues. Blossom in 1-4 pieces on one stem.

Gymnostoma

Delicate pink flowers of this gloxinia have red dots in the center and are somewhat reminiscent of the mouth of a fabulous creature reaching for food. This is probably why the variety received such a name, which is translated from Greek as "opening mouth".

Erinoides

These flowers are valued by gardeners not for the beauty of the buds themselves, but for the pretty leaves. They are quite large in size, have pronounced veins and a beautiful pile. The flowers of erinoides are inconspicuous: small, light with dark strokes.... But the general appearance of both flowers and the "green part" give this variety a special, one might say, aristocratic charm.

Lindeniana

Also a "nondescript" variety from a floral point of view. Its leaves are of particular beauty. All of them are bright green in color, have whitish veins and are framed with a dark outline.

Nematanthodes

Garden plants, which, due to their half-meter size and splendor, look like a green carpet. They have small red-yellow flowers with a bright middle.

Purpurascens

A distinctive feature of this variety are pink flowers narrowed towards the end., which no longer resemble bells, but small amphorae. The leaves look like pointed hearts, have a dark green tint and are pulled down.

Sylvatica

The cultivar is characterized by narrow, oblong leaves with bright red flowers. It was first found in Peru quite recently - in 1968. Plants are quite impressive for gloxinia in size: the height of the shrub is from half a meter and above.

It is noteworthy that the flowers of sylvatica are located in the axils of the foliage. The rest of the gloxinia species either did not succumb to cultivation at home, or are so capricious that they do not grow in our climatic and "apartment" conditions.

Impostor

Another variety of gloxinia is called "sinningia"... It was officially discovered much later than the well-known flowers, while it has long been cultivated by European growers. The difference between Gloxinia and Sinningia was established by the German botanist Wilhelm Sinning. He was the first to notice that the difference in this variety is not the root system, but the tuberous system. That is, synningia refers to a completely different plant species.

In the reference books, the differences were noticed and the flowers were divided, as they say, into different paragraphs. But the flower growers refused to rebuild and began to call the synningia "Beautiful Gloxinia".

Important: Cross-pollination is used to obtain other flower varieties at home.

All about growing at home

Gloxinia can be attributed to unpretentious flowers in cultivation. A novice florist can also cope with its cultivation. To do this, you need to observe a number of simple conditions to fulfill:

  1. Good lighting - when caring for gloxinia, remember that she is from Central America, which means she needs a lot of light. The plant should be placed on a windowsill on the sunny side of your home, or in a lighted area of ​​your garden. The content of the flower in partial shade is also possible, but then it will lose all its decorative effect and will more resemble meadow grass than a bright flower. You will immediately know that your pet is lacking in sunlight if the leaves begin to grow upward. Subject to the lighting regime, they look horizontally or down.
  2. Normal temperature - the plant requires the temperature regime of its homeland, that is, the tropics. Translated into degrees, this is approximately +20 Celsius. With an increase in this indicator by 8-10 units upwards, gloxinia stops developing pedicels. At temperatures below 18 degrees, gloxinia can die.
  3. Maintaining humidity - Gloxinia prefer moist soil and not dry air. Therefore, placing them near artificial heat sources would be an irreparable mistake. Regular spraying and watering will help in establishing a tropical climate for the plant.

    Watering should be frequent and moderate, but such that the water does not stagnate and destroy the root system. That is, there must be drainage in the pot. Experienced gardeners have come up with a kind of "life hack" for this. In order to maintain a balance of soil moisture, you can place sphagnum moss on the ground. He will take part of the moisture and then gradually give it to the ground.

  4. Optimal soil - it should be loose and breathable. From soil mixtures for growing gloxinia, both universal and mixes of peat land with sand are suitable. The acidity level of the soil should not be higher than 6.5 Ph. Gloxinia will not actively develop in acidic soil. Before planting, it is recommended to spill the soil with a manganese solution to destroy parasites and pathogens.
  5. Pot selection - Gloxinia prefers wide and shallow containers. The material from which the pot is made is unimportant. For first years, a diameter of 7-10 centimeters is suitable, but for older plants it is already about 15 centimeters.

Plant propagation methods

The natural endurance of gloxinia and the unique climate of its ancestral home affected the methods of flower reproduction. This plant can be safely called universal, since it reproduces in almost all ways known to science.

Seedlings

Of course, you will not be able to get viable seeds from domestic gloxinia.... The plant simply does not accumulate the necessary charge of nutrients in artificial conditions for the seed pods to ripen. But you can buy them at the store.

Sowing directly over the soil is carried out from November to February. Seedlings appear in 14 days. With the appearance of 2-3 leaves in small gloxinias, they are thinned out or transplanted into other containers (how to transplant gloxinia, see our article in more detail).

You can read about the reproduction of gloxinia by seeds at home here, and about planting it with seeds and tubers and about leaving after transplantation, it is written here.

Watch a video about growing gloxinia seedlings:

Leaves

The vitality of gloxinia allows its reproduction using a leaf plate... A healthy leaf is removed from the plant, an incision is made along the central vein, and incisions are placed in moist soil. Soon, shoots will appear from the notches on the original leaf.

More information about the propagation of gloxinia by a leaf is described in this article, and how it is easier to root a plant when propagated in this way, and about the features of the subsequent care of it, read here.

Watch a video about the reproduction of gloxinia using a sheet:

Dividing tubers

"Gloxinia excellent" can be propagated by dividing the tubers. The most overgrown foci are divided with a knife or broken in such a way that 1-2 sprouts remain on each segment. The cut points are sprinkled with crushed coal and planted in moist soil.

Reproduction of gloxinia by dividing the tuber:

Cuttings

The easiest method to reproduce a flower:

  1. It is necessary to separate healthy cuttings with leaves from the main trunk of the plant with an oblique movement of the knife.
  2. The seedlings are placed in a potassium permanganate solution for 6-8 hours.
  3. After that, each stalk is placed in a container with water, and after the roots appear, they are planted in the ground and covered with plastic wrap on top. At the same time, children need to be provided with daily ventilation for 5-10 minutes.
  4. As soon as small tubers appear at the base of the cuttings, the covering can be stopped.

Read a separate article about the propagation of gloxinia by cuttings.

Watch a video about the propagation of gloxinia by cuttings:

Top dressing

Fertilizing flowers is necessary during the period of active growth.... That is, 2 months after planting in the ground. For the first time, nitrogen fertilizers are used, as they help the formation of foliage and roots.

Further, phosphorus-based fertilizers are used. They have a beneficial effect on the growth of buds and the duration of the flowering process. Complex fertilizer for flowering plants is also suitable. The soil should be enriched with useful substances no more than once every 2 weeks.

Attention: Fertilizer should not get on the foliage, stems and inflorescences of gloxinia, otherwise it may harm the plant.

You can find out how to properly fertilize and water gloxinia in this article.

Watch a video about feeding Gloxinia:

Pests and diseases

Like any plant, various parasites are not averse to eating gloxinia.... The most common enemies are:

  • Thrips.
  • Spider mite.
  • Aphid.
  • Caterpillars.
  • Nematodes.

To combat them, standard preparations sold in flower shops and veterinary pharmacies are suitable. Before using, you should read the instructions, since some drugs, if used incorrectly, can rid the plant of parasites, and you from the plant.

Gloxinia diseases occur most often due to excessive watering., namely:

  • Decay of roots.
  • Blackleg.
  • Fusarium.
  • Gray rot.

To get rid of the disease, you should limit watering, stop the damaged areas of the plant and treat with fungicidal preparations (according to the instructions).

You can find more complete information about diseases and pests of gloxinia and how to deal with them here.

Business to replenish the family budget

Today in Europe, America and Russia, the sale of gloxinia by ordinary growers has become widespread.... This practice originated in the west in the 70s and 90s. The fact is that then only one person worked in the family, most often a man. The women were engaged in the household. Some housewives came up with the idea to capitalize on their hobby. Breeders' gloxinia were sold to each other at agricultural fairs and grower club meetings.

Sales practice has changed somewhat today. You can buy blooming gloxinia from your hands in specialized communities on social networks, on free classifieds sites. And in the old fashioned way, on the street at the exit from the metro or in the spontaneous market. The average price for one flowering bush is 200-300 rubles.

Conclusion

Anyone can diversify the interior with the brightly blooming Latin American beauty gloxinia. This flower is extremely unpretentious to care for and will not create much trouble for you. With a minimum of proper care and adherence to the necessary moisture, this plant can live with you for up to 10 years.


Watch the video: How To Grow and Care Potted Gerbera Daisies Indoors - Growing Houseplant (August 2022).