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Usually summer residents prefer early varieties of tomatoes - after all, the harvest harvested at the beginning of summer is expensive, which means it is more profitable for trade. And after a long winter, everyone wants to quickly feast on their own, organic vegetables.
But late-ripening tomato varieties, which are distinguished by a sweet rich taste and aroma, also have their advantages. In addition, they are more varied and interesting to grow.
In this section, we will tell you about all the late-ripening varieties of tomatoes that we know about. You will get acquainted with their descriptions, the main characteristics and features of agricultural technology.
What are late-ripening tomato varieties?
The time interval from planting seeds to ripening of fruits is called the growing season. In late-ripening tomato varieties, it lasts more than 120 days.
For example, the late-ripening variety Giraffe ripens from 140 to 160 days, the Bovine heart from 125 to 132 days, and the Titan begins to bear fruit only 130 days after planting.
Thus, late-ripening tomato varieties are those whose growing season is 120 or more days from the moment of planting..
All tomatoes are thermophilic and need the sun, as well as regular watering and care, moreover, they are sensitive to temperature imbalances.
In view of such finickyness, growing late varieties, especially outdoors, more suitable for southern regions... Although, some varieties of late tomatoes are frost-resistant.
On our site you will find many useful articles about a wide variety of late-ripening tomato varieties. For your convenience, we have collected some of the links in a general table:
Table of late-ripening tomato varieties:
|Altai||American ribbed||Grandma's gift|
|De Barao||De Barao Giant||Brown sugar|
|King of Kings||Long Keeper||Podsinskoe Miracle|
|Premier||Rocket||Russian size F1|
What type are they?
Late-ripening tomatoes are most often indeterminate. This means that such bushes grow throughout the entire growing season. Such varieties are tall and can reach two meters or more in height.
- The Giraffe variety reaches a height of 1.8 meters or more.
- De Barao Giant is a vigorous bush, reaching 4 meters in height.
- Cosmonaut Volkov stretches up to 2 meters in height.
However, among the late-ripening varieties of tomatoes, you can also find the determinant type, whose bushes are limited in growth.
- Rio grand variety - reaches from 0.7 to 1 meter.
- Titanium grows up to 40 cm.
Important! For growing determinant varieties, open field conditions are preferred. Tall tomato varieties and hybrids are usually planted in greenhouses.
How to grow seedlings correctly?
Seeds of late-ripening tomatoes are sown in the ground 55-65 days before planting in open ground or a greenhouse.
Since the first shoots appear quite quickly - 5-10 days after sowing, the period of keeping the plants on the windowsill (or in a special room) is 45-60 days from the moment the shoots appear.
Why is this important to remember? Overexposure of seedlings is fraught with a decrease in yield due to the oppression of the bush.
On average, the timing of sowing tomatoes is as follows:
- in the southern regions of Russia - from February 20 to March 15 (landing in open ground - from April 15 to May 20);
- in the central regions of Russia - from March 15 to April 1 (landing in open ground - from May 10 to early June);
- in the northern regions (Siberia, Urals) - from April 1 to 15 (landing in open ground - from May 25 to June 15).
You can determine the exact planting time yourself by counting 55-65 days from the end of the spring frost in your area.
If you plan to plant tomato seedlings not in open ground, but in a greenhouse or on a glazed balcony, then sowing work can be started 2-3 weeks earlier.
When growing tomato seedlings, seedlings need the following conditions:
- a large amount of light, with a lack of natural lighting, artificial supplementary lighting with lamps is required;
- high humidity - spray tomato seedlings 1-2 times a day, use a humidifier;
- warm - during the day the optimal temperature for tomato seedlings is 18-25 ° C, at night - 12-15 ° C.
Subtleties of care
To grow a decent crop, you must adhere to the rules for caring for tomatoes:
- Regularly take measures to combat parasites, loosen the soil and feed it, remove unnecessary stepsons in time.
- To maintain the air-water and temperature balance of the fruits, the soil in the beds should not overgrow with a crust. To do this, it is enough to use mulching - cover the soil with humus, straw or peat.
- A couple of weeks after planting the tomatoes in the garden, they need to be fed with the following solution: 10 g of ammonium nitrate mineral fertilizer and 15 g of superphosphate chemical fertilizer are diluted in 10 liters of water.
- After the appearance of the first ovaries, the tomatoes are treated with a solution: 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 15 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water.
- For an excellent harvest, you can use a concentrate from organic fertilizers: a mixture of poultry droppings and water.
Features of late-ripening varieties
Late-ripening varieties of tomatoes are distinguished by their special juiciness, meatiness, aroma and taste. They come in different shapes and masses: from small to giants, from light to very heavy. It is late tomatoes that can be grown without the use of seedlings - the seeds are sown directly into the soil in a permanent place (in hot regions!).
Some varieties of late-ripening tomatoes are resistant to various diseases: verticillium, fusarium, cladosporium. Late tomato hybrids have good resistance to nematode, tobacco mosaic virus, cladosporium, fusarium and other diseases.
Attention! Ripe fruits of late-ripening tomatoes are endowed with excellent keeping quality for a long time, good transportability and shade tolerance.
Late-ripening varieties of tomato for growing in greenhouses:
- Russian size is an indeterminate variety, reaching 180 cm in height. It is characterized by high yield - 4-4.5 kg can be harvested from one bush. Ripe fruit has a red color, its weight varies from 650 g to 2 kg. It is grown only in a greenhouse or under a film.
- King of Kings is a tall variety from 1.5 to 2 m in height. It is a complex hybrid. The time interval from sowing seeds to harvesting is 110-120 days. It has high yields - up to 5 kg are harvested from one bush. Resistant to late blight.
- Long Keeper is a determinant plant growing up to 150 cm in height. Green tomatoes are harvested 128-133 days after sowing and left in boxes for further ripening.
- Grandma's gift is a hybrid of the first generation, capable of growing up to 1.5 m. Each branch produces 6-7 tomatoes weighing up to 300 g each. Tomatoes ripen for 120-125 days. The variety has good resistance to late blight, cladosporium, tobacco mosaic virus and other common diseases.
- Podsinskoe Miracle is a late-ripening variety reaching 2 m in height. Elongated tomatoes weigh about 300 g. It is endowed with sweet, with a subtle sourness, taste.
Late-ripening varieties of tomatoes for growing in the open field:
- De Barao is an indeterminate plant, reaching 4 m. Oblong tomatoes weigh about 100 g. A distinctive feature of the variety is its high frost resistance. Produces fruit until frost.
- Premier is a hybrid variety of an indeterminate type with good yields. One square meter of planting can produce up to 9 kg of fruit. The height of the bushes is 110-120 cm.
- The rocket is an unpretentious undersized tomato variety, from 50 to 70 cm high. The fruits are small and have an elongated shape. Their weight is no more than 40 g. They are distinguished by their ability to long-term storage.
- Altai is a high-yielding late hybrid of an indeterminate nature, reaching about 150 cm. Fruits of a flat-round look ripen on clusters of 4-6 pieces.
- American ribbed - medium-sized plant from 120 to 150 cm. Tomatoes have an original appearance and weight from 150 to 250 g. Endowed with disease resistance.
The most productive and popular among gardeners late-ripening tomato varieties:
- The bovine heart is a tomato hybrid beloved by gardeners, growing up to 2 m in height. Fruit weight is about 400 g. Sufficiently tolerates diseases and insect pests.
- Yusupovskie is a tall, strong variety. Growing in open soil reaches a height of 80 cm, in a greenhouse - up to 160 cm.The mass of ripe tomatoes ranges from 200 to 800 g.
- Grapefruit is an indeterminate tomato with amazing taste and impressive size. Able to grow up to 2 m. Fruit ripening period is about 180 days. Possesses enhanced disease resistance.
- Bobcat is a determinant hybrid with a height of 50 to 70 cm. Withstands major tomato diseases. On average, 4-6 kg of fruit can be harvested from one square meter.
- Brown sugar is a tall, dark-fruited variety with good yields. It can be grown both in greenhouses and in open soil. The bushes can grow up to 2.5 m. The weight of perfectly round fruits varies from 120 to 150 g. It is endowed with increased cold resistance and resistance to pests and diseases.
Late-ripening tomato varieties have an amazing taste and can grow both in open ground and in greenhouses. They are characterized by strong resistance to diseases and the ability to long-term storage, which makes them in demand among gardeners.