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Garlic

 Garlic



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Immediately after harvest, garlic needs careful and methodical preparation for long-term storage. Storage methods will vary depending on how and for what purpose you need this product.

How to store garlic in winter? Each type of storage has its own rules, which imply the temperature regime, storage location, type of processing of garlic, etc.

This is what we will talk about in detail in this article and tell you how to choose the right storage space and container, how to prepare garlic and create optimal conditions.

Choice of place and container

Where to store garlic? Practically any standard place for storing vegetables is suitable for garlic, provided that a favorable environment has been created for him. After a couple of weeks, the garlic harvested from the site is ready for long-term storage in the kitchen, insulated balcony or other rooms.

At first, the tops of the garlic should be kept by 2-3 cm in order to slow down the evaporation of moisture from the cloves. Cardboard boxes or wooden boxes are considered the best capacity, but not plastic containers - they do not allow air to pass through and can negatively affect the taste of garlic. For specimens that have just begun to deteriorate, and it is a pity to throw it away, the refrigerator will be the best place, but only for 2-3 months. It is advisable to eat such garlic as soon as possible.

Experience shows that a cellar or basement is most suitable for long-term storage of garlic stocks. It is important that the room meets standards, is absolutely sterile and well ventilated, with moderate or low air humidity and temperatures slightly above freezing.

If you have generated too many heads of garlic this year, and there is practically no free space in your apartment, use a compact storage option - in braids, mesh string bags or nylon bundles.

Some gardeners have been able to adapt narrow wicker baskets for these purposes. As a result, you can hang homemade garlic garlands on the walls or under the ceiling, almost without occupying the surrounding space.

Optimal conditions

Where is the best place to store garlic? At what temperature? Places for storing winter garlic should be dark and cool (+ 3-5 ° C). Try to keep the relative humidity within acceptable limits (50-80%). Spring garlic will feel great at a temperature of + 15-20 ° C and a humidity of 50-70%.

Too dry climate will lead to the fact that all the water of their garlic will evaporate, and in too humid environment the processes of rotting and reproduction of fungi or bacteria will start. It doesn't matter if it is a room, a cellar or a glazed loggia, it is necessary to keep the room clean and not cluttered. Fresh air must constantly flow to the vegetable.and there should be no dust, debris or dampness around.

Avoid stacking garlic and placing it next to other vegetables. The exception is onion, which feels great under the same storage conditions, and close contact with garlic does not harm it.

Only properly and on time harvested garlic will be stored for the longest time.... Always select the best specimens by discarding rotten or damaged heads. Otherwise, contaminated garlic will spread disease among the rest of the stock.

How to store garlic for the winter? Useful tips for storing spring and winter garlic in this video:

The ways

How to store garlic properly until the next harvest? There are tons of options and ways to store this vegetable efficiently. The choice depends mainly on the specific conditions in your home, the amount of harvest and the frequency with which this garlic will be consumed in the winter.

The most traditional storage methods are storing garlic in boxes, linen bags or making large bundles of garlic... In this case, they can be folded into separate stockings or tights, or weave "braids" from long tails of garlic.

Another good method is to dry the garlic. It is not only convenient, but also economical, because dried garlic slices take up several times less space.

You can also save and protect the crop with salt or vegetable oil.... The first method will keep the garlic until spring, while the second will provide you with a supply of a unique oil with a characteristic garlic aroma and prevent the garlic from sprouting.

Freezing garlic for the winter is a method that should also not be forgotten. It has both advantages and disadvantages, but frozen garlic is able to lie safe for up to a year - in slices or ground mass.

How to keep garlic in the apartment until spring? For how to store garlic at home in salt, see this video:

In the ground

How to keep garlic in the ground for the winter? For storing garlic in the ground in winter, only medium, healthy garlic is selected., and packed in a tight plastic bag (up to 1 kg). Select a separate sector of land on your site and prepare a hole up to 50 cm deep. Each bag of garlic is wrapped in regular newspaper (3-4 layers), then buried.

Before the frost hits, it makes sense to sprinkle the garlic storage area with snow. If there is no snow for this purpose, you need to use a heap of dry leaves or tomato tops. Remember to stick a pole with a flag or a bright rag next to it for a guide, so you know where the supplies are. You can dig up garlic no earlier than the arrival of spring.

Drying reasons

Why does garlic dry during storage? Most likely, this is due to improperly created conditions. The air in the room is too dry and warm, due to which there is too intense evaporation of moisture from the cloves of garlic - the cloves shrink, lose weight and become brittle.

How to preserve garlic in winter so it doesn't dry out? Try changing the location and storage method. The best environment for garlic is a cool room with low to moderate humidity. Use paraffin wax to prevent the garlic from drying out.

To do this, get a few regular candles, without any dyes or fragrances, and melt over low heat in a small metal container. Each head of garlic is completely immersed in soft warm wax. The tail remains intact.

The hardened wax forms a kind of protective layer, which does not allow natural juices to evaporate, and the accumulation of carbon dioxide in a closed shell will create an additional resistance to harmful bacteria.

Causes of decay

Why does garlic rot during storage? There are several probable reasons for this case. Perhaps the garlic was originally defective, somewhere there are cuts or dents, where dangerous microorganisms have penetrated.

It can also be a harmful environment with excessively high humidity and stuffy air, as well as hermetically sealed containers, due to which droplets of water settle on the walls and vegetables. Garlic bulbs that have been frozen are also vulnerable to rot and fungal infections.

How to store garlic so it doesn't rot? After harvesting, the garlic should be left in direct sunlight for several hours until it dries well. Most of the microbes and small pests will be destroyed, and the garlic itself will gain strength for subsequent storage.

The second point will be the creation of the necessary conditions in a room with excellent air circulation, the selection of containers that would allow the garlic to breathe freely and would not accumulate condensation on it.

Yellowness on the teeth

What to do if garlic cloves turn yellow during storage? For sure due to inappropriate storage conditions, the immunity of the vegetable has been reduced and he got sick. Frozen garlic could become infected with a disease, fungus, and the affected specimens must be urgently removed.

In order to prevent a second situation, it is important to dry all the garlic before storage, and to create optimal conditions in the room. If the temperature is too high and the air is humid, yellowish spots on the teeth indicate the development of green mold.

If these cloves are not removed, they will spread harmful spores throughout the store, which will germinate and dry out all the garlic. For 3-4 months of storage, the garlic will turn into brownish wrinkled coals with silvery filaments interspersed.

How to keep the bulbs for planting?

After harvesting, the bulbs, along with long stems, are tied into large "brooms" or bunches, after which they are hung upside down. You need to find a dry and ventilated room, such as an attic or any other room with the same climate.

This method will allow you to keep the garlic in the bulbs for about a month, then it is better to start planting it.

How to keep the bulbs of garlic until spring? You will learn how to preserve the bulbs while harvesting garlic from this video:

As you can see, there are a fair number of productive storage techniques, each of which has its own characteristics. Start making garlic harvests exactly in the form that is beneficial and comfortable for you. The main thing is to consider the type of processing of garlic (peeled, whole, dried, frozen, etc.), the possibilities of suitable premises for this, as well as the planned volumes of stocks.


Watch the video: Perfect Homemade Garlic Bread 3 Ways (August 2022).