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Every season we spend a lot of money, time and nerves on pest control that harm gardens, vegetable gardens and greenhouses.
Achieve a quality result is possible only by destroying all harmful "inhabitants".
One of these pests is slugs, which can be called the most disgusting of all that can be found in crops, gardens and greenhouses.
If you have overcome slugs and do not know what to do, then this article will tell you what methods of plant protection are there, how to remove, defeat and kill garden pests, as well as from what they appear, and much more.
Slug is a gastropod mollusc, who lost his shell in the course of evolution, but acquired a huge number of skills that help him live and reproduce in the appropriate environment, see the photo on the right.
Where can you find a slug? Almost everywhere! Wherever there is high or medium humidity, mild climatic conditions, and most importantly - food.
Slugs prefer to hide in shady corners, as in summer the bright rays of the sun can dry out their unprotected bodies.
Slugs do harm many garden and horticultural crops. They eat the leaves of young plants, which leads to the death of the culture. They are also able to completely destroy berries, vegetables and fruits. In this regard, it must be removed from the garden.
Slugs eat, and therefore damage, more than 150 types of crops!
Moving, the slug leaves behind a trail of quick-drying white secretion, which, freezing, appears as a shiny thin track.
With this secret, the pest contaminates fruits and berries. How to destroy a pest on fruits, can be found in the article "Fighting slugs on vegetables and berries".
How to deal with them?
There are a lot of methods for dealing with slugs and snails. All of them are divided into natural and with the use of chemicals.... More information about the use of chemicals can be found in the article "Chemical means of fighting slugs".
The fight against slugs must be started after the slug trail is first detected.
Delay can be detrimental to plants after all, the garden slug is a very prolific creature, the sexual maturity of which occurs already at the age of 1-2 months.
An adult individual lays up to 400 eggs at a time, so it is easy to calculate that in the absence of a fight against the "intruder", its population by the end of the season can be simply huge.
How to get rid of in the country and in the garden?
If slugs or snails are bred in the garden or at their summer cottage, you need to get rid of them.
There are several effective ways that help to avoid snail activity and various types of slugs in the garden, as well as in the greenhouse:
- regularly remove fallen leaves from the ground, do not leave empty pots, bowls, etc. on the garden plot, as all this will attract slugs as a refuge;
- use slug bait. So, for example, you can leave citrus fruits cut in half (except for lemon) on the soil surface;
- use traps - deep containers filled with sweet water or beer;
- create good conditions in the garden for the existence of enemies of slugs - hedgehogs, lizards, toads and frogs, blackbirds.
How to get out of the garden?
With a large number of pests in the garden, an effective means of dealing with it is its manual collection. Also, slugs will not come close to those beds that are sprinkled with coniferous residues or dry nettles.
Traps will also play a role. So, between the beds, you can place old bags, pieces of slate, boards, cabbage leaves or watermelon rinds.
Slugs gather under the traps where they can be obtained and destroyed. The effect is achieved when the procedure is carried out regularly throughout the week.
How to kill a mollusk in the ground?
In order to get rid of the pest, it is necessary to create unfavorable conditions for his life, namely, to minimize the moisture content of the earth. It is an effective protection against slugs in the garden.
In dry soil, a pest he will not be able to live long and will soon die.
You can use folk remedies, more details about which can be found in the article "Folk remedies for fighting slugs".
How to fight in a greenhouse?
What if the pests have settled in the greenhouse? In greenhouse conditions, slugs are much more common, than in open areas. This is because the greenhouse is humid.
If in open soil conditions there is a chance that everything will be resolved by itself, then in the case of a greenhouse the summer resident risks losing most of the crop, and sometimes the whole crop.
In order to reduce the risk of a pest in the greenhouse, you need to use the following methods and methods of control, namely must be regularly ventilated and illuminated. It is imperative to prevent an increase in the normal humidity inside the greenhouse.
It should be borne in mind that in addition to humidity, cold also affects the appearance of slugs. There should be nothing outside the greenhouse to hide the slugs.
With a large number of slugs in the greenhouse they can be poisoned with granular metaldehyde by spreading the granules on the soil surface. The granules serve as bait, after tasting which the slug dies. You can also use chemicals that are applied by spraying.
Slaked lime, copper or iron sulphate, wood ash and tobacco are excellent means to fight the pest.
How to protect yourself?
How to protect plants from slug infestations? The best defense is prevention.
The garden, vegetable garden, greenhouse must be clean, without foreign objects on the surface of the earth (shelter for the pest).
The pest should not have a power source. So, if you do not want to collect slugs from cucumbers or young cabbage, shield them with a barrier.
To do this, you can use plastic panels, which must be dug into the ground, leaving 40 mm above the surface. Used in the same tin or metal.
If you do not have the necessary materials at hand, you can use regular walnut shells by scattering them around. Slugs just won't get through it.
You can also mulch the beds with sawdust, sand or wood ash.
It is worth knowing that slugs can appear in the garden, garden and greenhouses, and in cellars and basements. You can learn more about how to destroy a pest in basements from the article "Fighting slugs in the basement (cellar)".
So fighting slugs is hard but it is quite possible. Do not neglect the advice on the prevention of the appearance of the pest and do not take measures to destroy them, since slugs are gluttonous and polyphagous creatures.
Using chemicals to control slugs will give good results, but it is better to prevent their appearance than to spend a lot of time and money on their destruction.
The agrotechnical method, the chemical method or the use of folk remedies is up to you.