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Delightful sedum flower: rules for growing sedum and its species

Delightful sedum flower: rules for growing sedum and its species



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Sedum (or sedum) is a ground cover plant. In landscape design and in indoor compositions, it plays the role of a background against which garden and home flowers look more spectacular.

Sedum is a perennial, rarely a biennial plant. The main species are semi-shrubs. Its favorite places are meadows, dry slopes. Recognize sedum by the fleshy sessile leaves. Their color is determined by the type of succulent. Coloring depends on sunlight.

In addition to its unusual structure, sedum is known for its beneficial properties, due to the content of vitamins, trace elements and other components. This provides adherents of traditional medicine to use the plant in decoctions, tinctures, extracts.

Origin story

Stonecrop occurs from areas with a harsh northern climate. He was first met in China, Japan, Korea. Today the plant is found in Eurasia, the Caucasus, the Far East, Mongolia and Siberia. It is often found in areas where there is a lot of sun and on practically dehydrated lands. Dry meadows, shrubs, forest glades, limestone and granite outcrops, rocky slopes are the favorite places of the succulent.

Description and characteristics

Sedum is a low-growing plant of the succulent family... It is conventionally divided into two large groups. The first includes thermophilic species grown at home. The second group consists of frost-resistant ground cover perennials.

Names: what is it called and why?

There are several variants of the origin of the name of the plant. Some experts believe that it is derived from the Latin "Sedeo", meaning "to sit." The choice of this name is due to the peculiarity of the flower being located on rocky slopes and sitting on stones.

Another variant of the origin of the name is its use in ancient times as a medicine. They treated burns and wounds, relieved pain. For this reason, the plant was named "Sedo", which in Latin means "anesthetize", "calm down".

The people know him as hare cabbage and squeaky herb... Hare cabbage was nicknamed for its similarity to a vegetable to heal from "everything." The squeak has been called since ancient times, when the plant was used for "squeak in the hands".

Scientifically speaking about a plant, the word "sedum" is used with an emphasis on the first syllable. Florists are accustomed to using the name “sedum».

Botanical characteristics

ClassDicotyledonous
OrderStonefragmented
View1563 species
FamilyFatty
GenusSedum
PrevalenceEurasia, Japan, China, Caucasus, Siberia, Mongolia

Plant structure

Flowers more often have a star-shaped shape. There are also actinomorphic, bisexual, umbellate, corymbose, racemose inflorescences.

Leaves stonecrop sessile, alternate, fleshy, whole, devoid of cuttings. Depending on the variety, they are cylindrical, swollen, flat. In some copies in the form of disks.

Trunk thick, juicy. Most species are characterized by its decrease towards the top.

Stems powerful, juicy, branched, break easily under the weight of fleshy leaves.

The color of the foliage is determined by the type of sedum. From the traditional green color in some varieties to pink, red, purple, burgundy, gray, gray in others. The flowers are snow-white, red, yellow, blue.

Fruit red or pink in the form of a box. Inside are seeds that become brownish as they ripen.

Growth features

Growth rates depend on the conditions of detention. Mature plants reach 10–60 cm. A favorable climate, lighting and temperature accelerate the growth of sedum. If these parameters are observed, the flower can grow to adult size in one year.

Root system

The roots are tender, located close to the surface of the earth. They are small in size. Depending on the species, the root system is 70 cm long and is shaped like tubers or stems.

Difficulty growing

Sedums are not demanding on the conditions of detention. Therefore, a novice amateur florist can grow them in the house or in the country.

REFERENCE! Getting sedum flowers at home is within the power of professional gardeners.

How long does it live?

Sedum is a perennial plant and has been pleasing to the eye for many years. To maintain decorativeness, the plant is rejuvenated every 3-4 years.

Signs and superstitions

One superstition is known among the people. The growing sedum on the roof of the dwelling protects the owners from thunderstorms and lightning, according to the ancient Romans.

Types and classification

ABOUTreadings have 400-600 types, according to the Big Russian Encyclopedia. The Plant List online resource offers 1563 titles. This list includes both synonyms and unconfirmed names.

Views

Sedum (hereinafter abbreviated S.) acre L. typusSedum caustic
S.actinocarpum Yamam.Sedum actinocarpum
S.adolphii Raym.-HametSedum of Adolphe
S. aizoon L.Sedum tenacious or everliving
S. alamosanum S. WatsonSedum Alamosanum
S. albomarginatum R. T. ClausenSedum albumarginatum
S. album L.Sedum white
S. alfredii HanceSedum alfrediy Hans
S. allantoides RoseSausage sedum
S. alpestre Vill.Alpine sedum
S. alsinefolium All.Sedum alcinepholy
S. amplexicaule DC.Stalked sedum
S. anacampseros L.Sedum anacampseros
S. andegavenseSedum undegavense
S. anglicum Huds.Sedum English
S .. aoikon Ulbr.Sedum aoikon
S. atratum L.Blackish sedum
S. australe RoseSedum ostreil
S. borissovae Balk.Sedum Borisova
S. cyaneum J. RudolphCornflower blue sedum
S. dasyphyllum L.Thick-leaved sedum
S. decumbens R.T. ClausenSedum ascending
S. dendroideumTree-like
S. erythrostictum Miq.Red dot
S. ewersii Ledeb.Sedum Evers
S. forsterianum Sm.Forster's sedum
S. gracile C. A. Mey.Sedum thin
S. hispanicum L.Spanish
S. hybridum L.Hybrid
S. kamtschaticum Fisch.Kamchatka
S. lenkoranicum Grossh.Lankaran
S. lineare Thunb.Linear
S. litorale Kom.Coastal
S. lydium Boiss.Lydian
S. makinoi Maxim.Makina
S. maximowiczii RegelMaksimovich
S. maximumSedum large, or largest sedum
S. mexicanum BrittonMexican
S. morganianum E. WaltherMorgana
S. nanum Boiss.Small
S. nussbaumerianum BitterNussbaumer
S. obtusifolium C. A. Mey.Dull-leaved
S. oreganum Nutt.Oregon
S. pallescens FreynBlanching
S. pallidum M. Bieb.Pale
S. palmeri S. WatsonPalmer
S. pluricaule KudôMulti-stem
S. polytrichoides Hemsl.Mossy
S. populifolium Pall.Poplar
S. praealtum A.DC.The superior
S. rubens L.Blushing
S. rubrotinctum R. T. ClausenRubrotinctum
S. rupestre L.Rocky
S. sarmentosum BungeLozovidny
S. sexangulare L.Sedum six-row, or Sedum six-sided
S. sieboldii RegelSiebold
S. spathulifolium Hook.Sedum spatulate
S. spectabile BoreauRepresentative
S. spurium M. Bieb.False
S. stahlii SolmsStahl
S. stenopetalum PurshNarrow-leaved
S. stoloniferum S. G. Gmel.Escaping
S. subulatumSubulate
S. telephium L.Common sedum, or Hare cabbage
S. tenellum M. Bieb.Thin
S. urvillei DC.Durville
S. ussuriense Kom.Ussuriysk
S. verticillatum L.Whorled
S. villosum L.Hairy
S. viviparum Maxim.Viviparous
S.aetnense TineoSedum etninsky
S. annuum L.One-year sedum, or one-year sedum

Creeping (ground cover) stonecrop with photo

Their stems are spread over the ground. They are no more than 15-30 cm high.

Sedum anacampseros

Adjacent shoots no more than 30 cm long. For the winter, they all die off. The flowers are blue and appear in June. Then they turn purple in color. Rounded thin leaves are brown in spring, light green in summer.
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Cornflower (Sedum cyaneum)

Shoots no higher than 80–100 mm. The flowers are purple-pink, 5 mm in diameter, appear in August - September. Leaves are bluish-gray with red dots.

Popular varieties: Rosenteppich, Rose Carpet
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Hybrid (Sedum hybridum)

The evergreen plant belongs to the genus Zhivuchnik. Creeping shoots, root well, forming a dense mat. The flowers are yellow, the leaves are green. Flowering 10–25 cm form inflorescences in August - September.

Popular varieties: Czar's Gold, Immergrunchen.
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Dense-leaved (Sedum dasyphyllum)

It forms a thick carpet with its wide creeping stems. The leaves are small, rounded, bluish-green. Variegated varieties with pink or purple leaves. Delicate pink flowers are formed at the tops of the shoots in June - August.

Popular varieties: Lilac Mound, Lloyd Praeger, Opaline.
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Siebold (Sedum sieboldii)

The stems are semi-recumbent, tough, forming a shrub of short stature. The leaves are thick and rounded with a variety of colors: green, light green, yellow, red, orange, white, pink, blue. Most varieties have two or more foliage colors at the same time. Pink inflorescences are located at the tops of the shoots.

Popular varieties: Dragon, Mediovariegatum.
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Kamchatka (Sedum kamtschaticum, Sedum floriferum)

A perennial semi-evergreen succulent up to 200 mm high has adjoining shoots, which form a dense grassy carpet with age. The foliage is small, attaches to the stems in a sedentary manner. In shape, there are rounded, club-shaped, oblong leaves. Orange-yellow inflorescences are located on the peduncles.

Popular: Variegatum, Tekari Dake.
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Kuril (Sedum kurilense)

The height of the carpet does not exceed 100 mm. Stems are adjacent with green foliage. Flowering occurs in July - September. Fits perfectly into the design of rockeries.
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Lanceolate (Sedum lanceolatum)

The stems are recumbent and raised to form a 15-centimeter carpet. Leaves from bluish-blue under the influence of the sun turn red. Blossoming June - July with bright yellow flowers.
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False (Sedum spurium)

The plant is perennial, has creeping roots. The root system is long, thin, branched, fibrous. Shoots branch from the base. They are of two types - creeping or ascending. Leaves are dark green, opposite, pseudo-petiolate. Their length is 10–25 mm, and their width is 50–100 mm. Green leaves on delicate stems 150 mm high after frost become reddish or bronze. There are varieties with purple, variegated, crimson leaves. Flowering occurs in July - August.

Popular varieties: Album, Bronze Carpet, Elizabeth, Green Mantle, Leningrad White, Pink Jewel, Tricolor
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Spatula (Sedum spathulifolium, Sedum pruniosum)

Low bushes up to 100 mm have pancake peduncles up to 150 mm. Leaves with a silvery-bluish bloom. They turn pink under the influence of the sun. Yellow flowers appear in May - June.

Popular varieties: Aureum, Cape Blanco, Harvest Moon
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Multi-stemmed (Sedum pluricaule)

Bushes up to 70-100 mm in height have delicate stems with gray-green leaves. The flowers are snow-white, bright pink, appear in August - September. Doesn't like frost. It is characterized by slow growth.

Varieties: Sakhalin (var.ezawe), Edos (var. Yezoense)
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Avian (Sedum ornithogalum)

The leaves are small, flattened, densely arranged on red stems. Green in spring, they turn red towards the beginning of flowering and become translucent. Plant height 80–100 mm. Small yellow flowers.
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Divergent (Sedum divergens)

Bushes low up to 50 mm have long peduncles - 100 mm. The green leaves turn red in the sun. The flowers are yellow.
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Rural (Sedum selskianum)

Evergreen bushes 15–20 cm tall are formed by erect burgundy or green stems. The leaves are clavate or obovate in shape with jagged edges. The sun's rays cause pink streaks to appear along the edge. The color orange or yellow is formed in August - September.

Popular varieties: Goldilocks, Spirit.
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Takesima (Sedum takesimense)

Adjacent shoots form a carpet 40 cm high. Inflorescences are yellow with green leaves, appear in July - September.
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Sweatshirt (Sedum pachyclados)

Low-growing plant 30-50 mm high with bluish-green leaves and bluish-pink flowers in May and September-October.
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Forster (Sedum forsterianum)

Represents the genus Petrosedum. The height of the bushes is up to 100 mm, the flower stalks reach 200-300 mm. The foliage is green, rarely purple and gray. Inflorescences are yellow. Rapid growth is characteristic.

Popular varieties: Elegans, Oracle, Purpureum.
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Ellacombe (Sedum ellacombianum)

Belongs to the genus Zhivuchnik. The height of the bushes is 100–150 mm. Leaves are bright green in color. The flowers are bright yellow. In their place, orange-red fruits are subsequently formed.
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Tall (shrub) stonecrop

The most common in suburban areas due to undemanding watering, soil, care. Long bloom, until late autumn.

Prominent (Sedum spectabile)

The plant is 30–70 cm tall with greenish, less often blue or gray foliage. Crimson, white, purple or pink flowers are formed in August - September.

Popular varieties: Abendrot, Iceberg, Brilliant, Carmen, Crystal Pink, Steven Ward, Neon.
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Tenacious (Sedum aizoon)

The plant is distinguished by strong stems that grow straight. No more than 45 cm in height. Leaves are oblong-rhombic with small serrations along the edges. The flowers are yellow.

Popular varieties: Auranticum.
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Red-dotted (Sedum erythrostictum)

Bushes reach 60 cm in height. The foliage is bluish-green. Inflorescences are formed in September on the tops of pale pink or white bushes. In rare cases, the flowers have bright pink pistils.

Popular varieties: Mediovariegatum, Frosty Morn.
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Ordinary, or telephium (Sedum telephium)

Bushes reach 80 cm in height. Crimson or pink inflorescences form on the tops of the shoots from July to September. The foliage is crimson, pink, gray-gray, brown or green.

Popular varieties: Bon Bon, Jennifer, Red Globe, Raspberry Truffle.
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Unpretentious varieties of stonecrops

Plants of this group are undemanding in care, soil composition and illumination.

IMPORTANT! The only requirement for unpretentious stonecrops is soil drainage and moderation of watering.

Caustic (Sedum acre, S. procumbens, S. glaciale, S. neglectum)

The height of the grass carpet is 30 mm. Spreads flat on the ground and hangs beautifully from stones. The leaves are tiny, thick, densely located on the stem. Blooming with bright yellow stars. Its beginning is determined by the enlargement of the leaves and the elongation of the stems.

Popular varieties: Minus, Elegans, Oktoberfest.
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White (Sedum album)

Perennial evergreen plant 50–70 mm high with fragrant white flowers. The leaves are sausage-shaped, thick. Green in spring, in summer they turn red from the sun.

Popular: Chloroticum, Bella d'Inverno, Coral Carpet, Faro Form, Goldfinger, Roseum, Rubiflorum.
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Pale yellow (Sedum ochroleucum)

The height of the bushes does not exceed 200 mm due to the lodging stems. Leaves are brownish-brown, green with a bluish bloom, or two-colored. Peduncles 300 mm high in yellow color.

Common varieties: Red Wiggle, Centaurus.
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Spanish (Sedum hispanicum, Sedum glaucum)

The height of the bushes is 50-150 mm. Stems with pale green, pinkish gray, light yellow or purple leaves. Blossoming June - July with white or pink inflorescences.

Popular varieties: Albescens, Purpureum, Aureum.

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Middendorf (Sedum middendorfianum)

A perennial succulent with long, shiny, narrow leaves. The ends have jagged edges. In autumn, they acquire a reddish-burgundy color and fall off. Flowers are yellow, located at the tops of the shoots.

Popular varieties: Striatum, Diffusum.
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Sedum sediforme

Characterized by the woodiness of the bases of the shoots, reaching 100-200 mm in height. Sometimes peduncles grow 600 mm, more often no more than 250 mm. Green leaves are dark green, bluish or brown.

Popular: Aureum, Silver.
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Rocky, or bent (Sedum Rupestre, Sedum reflexum)

The evergreen succulent plant forms rugs 150 mm in height. The root system branches out horizontally. They become hard with age. Stems are erect, shoots are 20-100 mm long. The foliage is gray-blue, dense, elongated 10–25 mm, the heel is short, sharp. Peduncles grow up to 30 cm curved.

Popular varieties: Angelina, Monostrosum Cristatum, Blue Spruce.
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Triple (Sedum ternatum, Sedum americanum)

A feature of the bushes was the leaves, arranged in whorls of three pieces. They are round in shape, fleshy, velvety to the touch, green. The brick shade appears in the fall. The overwintering shrub leaves with red-brown leaves. Their color changes before flowering. Lying stems.

Popular varieties: Larinem Park.
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Narrow-petaled (Sedum stenopetalum)

Perennial evergreen plant up to 200 mm high. Stems are erect, covered with light green, linear, sessile leaves. Greenish-yellow flowers are located at the tops of the shoots in June-August.
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Hexagonal (Sedum sexangulare)

Perennial 100–150 mm high. Shoots are upright. Leaves are glossy, green, needle-shaped with a rounded section. They are arranged spirally on the trunk. In autumn, the foliage becomes burgundy or bronze.
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Evers (Sedum ewersii)

Stems branched at the base, creeping. Leaves are sessile, rounded, densely located on the shoots, with a waxy bloom of a bluish tint. The flowers are pink.
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Rare sedum species

The group is made up of stonecrops, which are rarely found in gardens and apartments. However, their beauty and decorativeness deserve attention.

Alberta (Sedum affine, Sedum alberti)

Shoots are short, creeping. The leaves are gray, turning reddish-orange under the sun. Peduncles grow 150-200 mm with white inflorescences located on the crown.
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Graceful (Sedum gracile)

Bushes 30-50 mm high. Leaves are light green. Pinkish-white flowers are formed on peduncles no more than 100 mm high.
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Lydian (Sedum lydium)

Plant height 30-50 mm. The bush forms rounded rosettes of narrow small leaves. Some of them turn reddish in the spring. The peduncle rises 50 mm above the bush. At its top, a rounded white cap is formed, turning pink at the end of flowering.
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Vine-shaped (Sedum sarmentosum)

Bushes grow up to 50–100 mm. Light green leaves turn purple from the sun's rays. Fast growth and high ability to root by shoots. Inflorescences are standard yellow.
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Escaping (Sedum stoloniferum)

Shoots form a dense carpet of 100 mm. Peduncles 15-30 cm tall. Stems branch, root well. The leaf plates are green, tender, juicy. The flowers are pale yellow.

Populus (Sedum populifolium)

It differs from other leaves, similar to poplar and woody stems up to 30 cm in length. In winter, the leaves fall off, and the shoot dies off by 1/3 at the top. Blooms pink or white.
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Tatarinova (Sedum tatarinowii)

Compact bushes grow up to 150 mm. The leaf is green. The color of the flower is white with purple stamens.

Troll (Sedum trollii)

Low-growing evergreen plant 30-50 mm tall with green leaves. The flowers are white.
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Heat-loving

"Southern" varieties are beautiful and showy in nature. In the middle lane, they feel good in apartments.

Linear (Sedum Lineare)

The sedum is low. In nature, it is found no higher than 150 mm. The foliage is evergreen. Shoots are thick, straight. Thin white stripes along the edge of the leaves give attractiveness. Flowers are yellow or cream in color.

Popular: Sedum Variegatum or Silverstone.
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Makinoi (Sedum makinoi, Sedum obovatum)

The plant is characterized by bright glossy rounded leaf plates of a bright salad or bluish-green color. Inflorescences are located at the tops of the shoots.

Common varieties: Kosmosje, Tundra Tornado, Limelight.
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Polychaete (Sedum polytrichoides)

They grow up to 100 mm. Perennial, evergreen, mat-forming succulent. Stems are ascending, leafy. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, oblong in shape, the method of attachment to the stems is another. The flowers are small, star-shaped, yellow, appear in late summer and early autumn.

Notable varieties: Chocolate Ball.
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Oregon (Sedum oreganum)

The colors of the foliage range from the usual green to unexpected pink, orange and burgundy hues. Lying stems. Bright golden flowers are formed on erect peduncles.
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Sizolistny (Sedum glaucophyllum)

The leaves are powerful, thick, gray-green in spring and autumn, painted in a bright brick color. The shape of the leaf plates is flattened. The stems are lodging, at the ends they form dense rosettes of leaves. Loose white inflorescences appear in June.
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Pretty (Sedum pulchellum)

Bushes do not exceed 180 mm. Cultivated as an annual and perennial plant. The foliage is bright green. During dry weather, it turns pink. During the flowering period (late spring), horizontally branched inflorescences of tiny sizes, pink-white in color, appear on the stems.

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Useful properties and application of the flower

The composition of sedum contains organic acids:

  • acetic;
  • amber;
  • glycerin;
  • lemon.

The composition is complemented by tannins, glycoside quercetin, gray hair and essential oils. Green leaves of all types contain iron, copper, magnesium, calcium, zinc.

A large number of useful substances allows you to use sedum with increased pressure, excessive excitability of the nervous system, during colds, with high cholesterol and overweight.

How to collect correctly?

Leaves, shoots, flowers are prepared in summer, during flowering.

IMPORTANT! The prepared material requires quick drying in order to prevent rotting due to the high water content.

Procurement stages:

  1. Choose a sunny hot summer day during the flowering period.
  2. Get scissors or pruning shears.
  3. Prepare a plastic container for collecting the cut plant.
  4. Choose a healthy, robust adult flowering plant.
  5. Holding the tool in one hand, hold the crown of the shoot with the other.
  6. Cut it off carefully and put it in a container.
  7. When all the intended parts of the plant are collected, proceed to drying.
  8. Dry in the open air or in an electric dryer at 45 °.
  9. In the process, the grass is turned over several times. This will allow it to dry evenly and prevent rotting.
  10. The finished material is put into a glass jar.
  11. Close with a plastic lid.
  12. Store in a dark place for no more than 2 years.

Useful properties and chemical composition of different types

Each species has certain beneficial properties. The chemical compositions of different species have common and different components.

IMPORTANT! In the scientific and medical literature, there is no exact information on the quantitative content of all components. This fact is explained by insufficiently deep study of the composition.

Sedum purple (squeaky or common)

The roots and leaves contain flavonoids, sugar, tannins, starch and vitamin C.

Due to this chemical composition, stonecrop is endowed with anti-inflammatory, regenerating and restorative properties.

Sedum large

The aerial part of the plant (roots, leaves, flowers) contains malic, oxalic and citric acids, alkaloids and flavonoids (isorhamnetin, myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol).

The rich composition endowed it with biostimulating, regenerating, tonic and anti-inflammatory properties.

Sedum prominent

The composition is similar to ordinary stonecrop. Used for pain relief, as a hemostatic agent, for wounds, burns, edema. It is endowed with antiseptic and antibacterial effects, improves the absorption of potassium, magnesium, iron.

Purple

The plant contains arbutin, anthraglycosides, lactones, malic acid, malic acid calcium, ascorbic acid, flavonoids.

Beneficial features:

  • activation of metabolic processes;
  • tissue regeneration;
  • anti-inflammatory action;
  • acceleration of bone fusion;
  • removal of warts and papillomas;
  • resorption of tumors (benign and malignant).

Pungent

The composition contains nicotine, sedamine, gray hair, lactic, malic, oxalic, succinic acids, glycosides, sugar and tannins, wax, mucus, flavones.

Sedum caustic has a tonic and stimulating effect on the nervous system. In addition, breathing is stimulated, blood vessels are narrowed, blood pressure rises, and peristalsis increases.

Hybrid

The composition contains coumarins, anthraquinones, tannins, phenols, fructose, sucrose, glucose, malic, citric and oxalic acids.

The plant has antidepressants and anti-inflammatory properties, has a tonic effect on the nervous system, and slows down the development of leukocytosis.

What is made from stonecrop?

The healing properties are manifested in simple recipes. For cooking, use the stems, leaves and flowers of all types of sedum.

Extract

First, an infusion is made from the leaves. To do this, put 2-3 sheets in a liter of boiled water. After cooling, the composition is filtered through cheesecloth and steamed in a water bath until the volume of the liquid is reduced by a factor of three.

Decoction

Herbal decoction helps with inflammatory diseases of the digestive tract, eczema and diathesis. The main advantage is the use in childhood. The raw material is hare cabbage leaves.

Tincture

It is used during colds and inflammatory processes in the nasopharynx. They take half a liter of vodka, pour the crushed roots into it until the liquid level rises to the end of the nub. Then the bottle is closed and removed to infuse in a dark, warm place for 14 days, shaken every 3 days.

Infusion

With oncological diseases of the stomach. two tbsp. l. dried stems and leaves are crushed into powder and poured in 200 g of boiling water. Leave for 2 hours. Filter in a separate bowl.

Powder

In this form, they are used as raw materials for infusions and decoctions, ointments. Leaves, stems and flowers are harvested from a healthy plant in sunny, dry weather. Dried in the sun or in an electric dryer at 45 degrees. The finished material is crushed in a mortar or by hand and put into a closed container. The finished powder is stored for no more than 2 years.

Ointment

Used during fractures, lichens, wounds. To do this, take 1 part of herb powder and mix with 4 parts of a fat base (pork fat is suitable). The ointment is stored in the refrigerator.

Use in traditional medicine

There are many types of stonecrops. This allows it to be widely used in various diseases.

Infusion for hypertension

Cooking recipe:

  • 1 tsp add grated stonecrop root to 350 ml of boiling water.
  • Heat the mixture over a fire for 5 minutes.
  • Leave for a day. After filtering through cheesecloth.
  • Drink 1 tbsp daily. l. / 3 times a day after meals.

With uterine fibroids

3 tbsp. dried sedum purple (flowers and leaves) pour 2 tbsp. boiling water. Consumed before meals daily, 3 times a day, 100 ml at a time.

Infusion for fever

A young sedum plant of any kind is suitable for preparing an infusion:

  • 1 tbsp. lower the petals in 1 tbsp. boiling water.
  • Leave on for 4-5 hours.
  • Filter through cheesecloth.
  • Drink 100 ml 2-3 times / day.

For gastrointestinal pain

Prepare an infusion of dried stems, leaves and flowers of stonecrop in equal parts. To do this, 20 g of dry material is steamed with a glass of boiling water and left for an hour.

Drink ready-made infusion before meals 3 times / day for 1 tbsp. l.

Poultices for rheumatism

Take young foliage and sedum roots of any kind. Rinse and finely chop 80 g of ingredients. They are steamed in 250 ml of hot water for 30–45 minutes. Then these leaves and roots are applied to the sore spot for 40-60 minutes, covered with polyethylene on top.

With impotence

Treatment is carried out with a decoction. Any kind of stonecrop is suitable as a raw material, except for caustic. For this, 1 tbsp. fresh leaves are crushed, poured with a glass of boiling water. Leave to infuse for 4 hours. Then filter with gauze. Take before meals 3-4 times a day for 1-2 tbsp. l.

Epilepsy powder

Treatment is carried out with caustic stonecrop. The powder is prepared from dried leaves (see the recipe above). 1 g of powder is mixed with a teaspoon of sugar. Consumed 3 times / day for three months.

With nervous disorders

Alcohol tincture recipe:

  • Grind 200 grams of purple stonecrop leaves.
  • Dip in 0.5 liters of vodka.
  • Insist warm for 21 days.
  • Strain and refrigerate.

Dilute 20 drops. in 30 ml of water. Drink twice a day. Treatment courses are held in the spring.

For malaria

During seizures, sedum is used.

For this:

  • 1 tbsp. raw materials (leaves, stems, flowers) pour 200 g of boiling water.
  • Leave for an hour.
  • Strain with cheesecloth and refrigerate.

Drink 50 ml three times / day after meals.

IMPORTANT! The plant is poisonous. It is not recommended to exceed the indicated dosage and proportions of the infusion.

To lower the temperature

Sedum purple (stems and leaves) is used in dried form. 1 tbsp powder is poured into 1 tbsp. hot water. Leave for 4 hours. They are filtering. Take 50 ml after meals 3 times / day.

Laxative infusion

As a laxative, an infusion of purple stonecrop flowers is used. Prepare it as well as to lower the temperature.

With diseases of the lungs, bladder

Tincture of pink stonecrop for these ailments is prepared from petals. For this, 30 grams of raw materials are added to 0.5 liters of vodka. Insist for two weeks. Consume 1 tbsp. before meals 4-5 times / day.

From cancer of any location

As an adjunct to the main treatment, take an infusion of pink stonecrop. It is made from stems and leaves. One tbsp. fresh raw materials are poured with a glass of boiling water. Cool completely. Then filtered through gauze and drink 1-2 tbsp. 3 times / day.

For wounds on the skin - a compress of leaves

In case of skin damage, take a fresh leaf of stonecrop and apply it to the wound. Leave the compress for 40 minutes. With good tolerance, it is left on for the whole day or all night.

With infertility

The medicinal broth is prepared from the leaves:

  • Take 200 ml of boiling water.
  • Add 1 tbsp to it. crushed raw materials.
  • Leave for 4 hours.
  • Strain through cheesecloth.
  • Consume 3-4 times a day for 1-2 tbsp. 20 minutes before meals.

To reduce blood pressure

Infusion helps to achieve normalization of pressure as in hypertension. The recipe is described above.

With fibroma

Sedum ordinary copes well with this ailment:

  • Take 3 tbsp. bunny cabbage leaves.
  • Pour them with 500 g of boiling water.
  • Insist 2 hours.
  • Drink before meals 3 times a day, 50 ml.

With general weakness

The main ingredient is stonecrop (leaves, stems, flowers):

  • Dry and grind the desired parts into powder.
  • Frequency rate of admission: 3 times a day.
  • Single dose: 1 tsp.
  • How to take: powder is washed down with 1/2 tbsp. water.

Application in cosmetology

The sedum removes freckles from the face and body. To do this, fresh flowers are crushed, juice is squeezed through cheesecloth. The resulting liquid is treated twice a day with freckles with a cotton swab.

The sedum is large and purple, relieves of warts and papillomas.

Instructions:

  1. Squeeze the juice from the stems and leaves using cheesecloth.
  2. Take part of the juice and 5 parts of water.
  3. Mix them up.
  4. The resulting solution is treated with neoplasms daily before bedtime.

Side effects

Incorrect use of infusions, decoctions, as well as non-observance of the instructions for their preparation, unpleasant symptoms appear:

  • headache;
  • dizziness;
  • difficulty breathing;
  • indigestion;
  • nausea.

Existing contraindications

The rich healing effect turns into health problems, if there are prerequisites for this. The risk group includes allergy sufferers, hypertensive patients and hypotensive patients.

IMPORTANT! In case of problems with pressure, the use of sedum of any kind is possible after consultation with a doctor.

What types of sedum are used in traditional medicine?

What parts of the plant are you using?

What types cannot be used?

Is the use of sedum a complete substitute for medical services?

Sedum care at home

Growing a flower at home requires a number of conditions. This will allow you to get all the decorativeness from it. With proper care, the plant pleases with its flowering.

Location and lighting

Lighting should be good and long-lasting. With high solar activity, the flowers darken to avoid burns. In the summertime, it is good to transfer the pots to the open air (loggia, garden area). With a lack of light, long and thin stems appear, thinness and pallor of the leaves.

When choosing a place for a flower in a courtyard or a private house, they prefer stony soils with good lighting.

Content temperature

A succulent plant is able to feel good in the temperature range from +7 to +24 degrees. The dormant period occurs in the winter and is manifested by a slowdown in growth. During this period, it is optimal to maintain the temperature at 7-11 above zero.

If there is a lack of heat, the plant pot is placed closer to the heating system or additional heat sources are turned on. If the temperature is too high, they are removed to a shaded place and the ventilation frequency is increased.

How to care during a rest period

With the onset of the winter period, a number of recommendations should be followed:

  • Maintain the temperature at 7–11 C (place the plant in a basement, warm garage, away from heat sources).
  • Reduce the frequency of watering to 1 time per month.
  • Stop all feeding.

Watering

In summer, watering is carried out when the soil dries up by 3 cm.

IMPORTANT! It is better to overdry the succulent plant a little than to overmoisten it.

You can determine the level of drying of the soil with a wooden stick. They pierce the pot with it to the very bottom. After taking out, look at the remnants of the earth. Wet soil will stick to the stick. If a plot without land is 3 cm or more, then the plant needs to be watered.

Watered with warm, settled water or rainwater from a watering can, preventing water from getting on the trunk and leaves.

Humidity

Succulent plant is undemanding to the level of humidity and feels good at all its values. To remove dust from the leaves, a warm shower is made to the plants once a month.

The soil

When choosing a soil for a succulent, you should pay attention to the offers of stores. Special compositions for stonecrops are not sold. Suitable soils for succulents, cacti and houseplants... For example, Fasco Flower for succulents contains peat, the price per pack starts from 43 rubles. for 2.5 liters. Soil for cacti Ambulance contains 2.5 liters of fertilizer. The cost of packaging starts from 55 rubles. However, stonecrops are undemanding to fertilizers and conventional formulations are quite suitable.

Self-preparation of the soil will take time, but you can be calm about the quality composition. To do this, take 2 parts of clay and sand, add 1 part of ash, humus. All are mixed and the soil is ready.

Pot

Clay and plastic rounded shallow pots with drainage holes at the bottom are suitable as containers. The container size is determined by the root system. To the edge of the dish from the roots should be 15–20 mm.

Planters are suitable for small varieties with soft stems. Otherwise, the shoots will break from the weight of the leaves and themselves. Looks good in pots of sedum Morgan.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Compost or humus for open ground and complex preparations for home specimens are used as fertilizers. On the street, food is brought in in spring and autumn at the rate of 10 kg of food per 1 sq. m.

Houseplants are fertilized with formulations for cacti and succulents... Acriola will do. Prepare a composition of 2 tsp. preparation and 2 liters of water. Food is brought in from the beginning of spring to October once a month.

Pruning

Each spring, the pruning procedure includes:

  • Inspection of the plant and identification of dead shoots.
  • If available, delete.
  • At the onset of frost, cut off all shoots, leaving 30–50 mm above the ground.
  • Cover the remaining stems with earth or covering material.

Spraying the plant

The succulent does not need spraying. However, a warm shower during hot weather will be beneficial.

Procedure:

  1. Take the plant outside or in the bathroom.
  2. Take warm water.
  3. Pour abundantly from a spray bottle.

Winter care

In the cold period, stonecrops do not need care. The main thing is to reduce watering and air temperature.

Care in the first days after purchase

The first step after the purchase is an inspection for the presence of pests and diseases. If they are found, apply medications. After "recovery" place the flower in a permanent place in the apartment.

A month later, indoor specimens are transplanted into a new container - wide, shallow clay pots.

Bloom

All representatives of stonecrops bloom. The period of appearance of inflorescences falls on May - July, depending on the variety, and lasts until the first frost.

Flowers are collected in inflorescences that form on peduncles. Most species are yellow in color. There are also other colors - red, white, pink.

Professionals can make a succulent bloom at home... This requires year-round lighting, moderate watering, timely feeding, and the correct pot size.

Transfer

Changing the pot at home, stonecrop is rarely needed. As the roots grow, the smaller pot is replaced with a larger container. The first three years, young plants are transplanted annually. Then a pot change is required every 4–5 years. In the garden, a change of place is made every five years.

When is it necessary, desirable and undesirable?

The need to transplant houseplants arises as the root system grows, when it becomes cramped in the pot. In the open field, a change of place is carried out in order to rejuvenate the plant and improve the appearance of the bush. In other cases, stonecrops do not bother, so as not to injure delicate stems and leaves.

Requirement for soil and pot

The soil is suitable loose, well-drained. For domestic plants, they take soil for cacti and succulents. Pots are selected from durable materials such as clay, wide, with drainage holes. Plastic containers are avoided as they become toxic and fragile over time.

Step-by-step instruction

Transplanting indoor sedums involves:

  1. Preparation of containers of the appropriate size.
  2. Purchase of ready-made soil for cacti or self-preparation of the earth.
  3. Careful extraction of sedum from the old container.
  4. Inspection of the roots. Removing rotten parts.
  5. Pouring a drainage layer of 10-15 mm and a layer of earth 2 cm into a new container.
  6. Planting a plant and filling the remaining space with the remaining soil.
  7. Watering with warm water from a watering can.

Outdoor cultivation

The secret of successful cultivation is in choosing a place and creating conditions close to natural ones.

Landing

Landing in open ground is carried out in early spring, when a positive temperature is established during the day and at night. The place is chosen sunny with rocky soil. They are planted both by seeds and cuttings.

IMPORTANT! The prepared area is cleared of weeds, since stonecrops are not able to fight them for free space.

Step-by-step landing instructions:

  1. Remove all weeds from the intended planting site.
  2. Sprinkle the earth with ashes and dig up.
  3. Make holes up to 20 cm deep. Leave 20-25 cm between them.
  4. Plant the plants in the grooves.
  5. Drizzle with warm water.

Features of outdoor care

When growing sedum in the country, you should adhere to a number of recommendations:

  • Watering is carried out only during prolonged drought.
  • Timely shorten the stems. Do not allow them to grow.
  • Remove faded and wilted inflorescences.
  • In spring and autumn, feed with organic matter (solution of poultry droppings and water in a ratio of 1 to 20). Watering is carried out at the rate of 1 liter of solution per 1 plant bush.

What helps to cope with drought?

With a prolonged absence of watering and rains, sedum takes moisture from the leaves and stems, which it manages to accumulate. The thicker and more powerful the foliage, the longer the plant does without water.

Wintering

Sedum does not require special preparatory procedures. Low temperatures are easily tolerated, preserving foliage and stems. Additionally, they cover young plants that did not have time to get strong by the beginning of winter. They are covered with mulch, hay, covering material.

Sedum in landscape design

All types of sedums are used to create flower arrangements. Low-growing varieties serve as a frame for rockeries, the edges of mixborders, curbs, alpine slides.

Tall ones create the background, growing in the background of the compositions.

Reproduction

Sedum has the ability to take root by cuttings. However, experienced florists use other breeding options.

How to root sedum?

The process of obtaining roots from a cutting consists of the following stages:

  1. Put a loose substrate in a prepared shallow container.
  2. Moisten it.
  3. Spread the leaves on the surface, slightly deepening the cut.
  4. Monitor soil moisture until rooting is complete.
  5. During rooting, maintain a temperature of + 20-23 degrees.
  6. Eliminate drafts and provide good lighting.
  7. Cover from the sun.

Seating

When 1-2 pairs of true leaves appear on the seedlings, they are seated:

  1. Indoor specimens are transplanted into small pots.
  2. In open ground, planting is carried out at the end of May.
  3. The distance between flowers is from 10 to 20 cm.
  4. Clears the area from weeds.
  5. The holes are made shallow (2-3 cm).
  6. The first 14 days the seedlings are sheltered from the scorching sun.

Seeds

Before sowing, the seeds are stratified:

  1. They are placed on the surface of the ground.
  2. Moisten with water using a spray bottle.
  3. Placed under glass or film.
  4. Put in the bottom drawer of the refrigerator for 14 days.

Next, the box with seeds is transferred to a room with a temperature of 17-22 degrees. The first shoots will appear on the 15-30th day. During this period, the seeds are aired, the soil is not allowed to dry out with periodic spraying.

After the appearance of 1–2 pairs of true leaves, they are seated.

Cuttings

This method is the fastest and easiest.

IMPORTANT! New specimens are obtained before flowering (in spring) or at the end (in autumn).

Step-by-step procurement instructions:

  1. Prepare containers. Disposable cups or juice boxes cut in half are suitable for this purpose.
  2. Lay a drainage layer of expanded clay, brick chips or polystyrene at the bottom.
  3. Fill containers with loose soil.
    They take sod land, humus from leaves, peat, sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1.
  4. For blanks, select three-year-old stems or leaves.
  5. Carefully cut off 5–6 cm of the shoot from them.
  6. Remove 3-4 leaves from the cut.
  7. Treat the places of cuttings of shoots and leaves with charcoal.
  8. Place a stalk or leaf in a container to a depth of 15–20 mm.
  9. Water thoroughly.
  10. Water when the soil dries up by 2 cm.
  11. Water for irrigation is taken at room temperature.
  12. The beginning of the growth of the cuttings means their successful rooting.
  13. On average, this takes 2-3 weeks.

By dividing

Large overgrown stonecrop bushes are propagated by division.

Instructions:

  1. Dig up the plant carefully.
  2. Remove soil from the roots.
  3. Divide the sedum into several new bushes.
  4. Plant in a new prepared place.
  5. Protect from the scorching sun during the first week.

Diseases and pests

Disease resistance is a characteristic feature of stonecrop. However, insects, not indifferent to pollen, infect plants, infecting it with diseases.

Bacterial diseases

There is no information in the specialized literature and on the forums about the susceptibility of sedum to bacterial infections.

Fungal

The sedum is susceptible to infection with a fungal infection - rot.

Symptoms of the disease: uneven leaf color, dark spots on shoots and foliage.

Cause of illness: cold and rainy weather, excessive dampness. Excess moisture leads to decay of the roots and the appearance of rot.

Treatment:

  1. Put on your gloves.
  2. Get scissors or pruning shears.
  3. Prepare an unnecessary package.
  4. Cut off the infected parts carefully.
  5. Close the bag tightly.
  6. Burn it in the stove.

REFERENCE! Stonecrops are most susceptible to rot, prominent, red-dotted.

Pests

Furrowed squid

The pest affects young plants of large varieties, located along the edges of the foliage. The weevil itself feeds at night, and its larvae eat the plant during the day. Get rid of them with white paper spread under the plant. At night, they approach the stricken stonecrop and shine a lantern on it. Blinded skosari fall on paper, which is quickly removed and burned along with them.

Thrips

The twisted tops of the stems allow you to detect the pest. The plant is treated with a thick soapy foam. After that, the window sill, window, frame, pot, pallet are washed with a solution. Of chemical preparations, Agravertin will help. Dissolve 10 ml of the drug in a liter of water. Plants are sprayed with a spray bottle. Then cover it with polyethylene for a day.

Aphid

Small green pests infect the tops of the sprouts. Their appearance becomes unattractive, the leaves curl, dry out. Aphids are removed with soap and soda solution. Prepare it from a liter of water, 1/4 part of household soap, with the addition of 1 tbsp. soda. The prepared mixture is sprayed onto the plant from a spray bottle.

Sawfly caterpillars

These pests prefer to settle on a prominent stonecrop.

Having found caterpillars, the plant is treated with Aktelik:

  1. Dilute 10 ml of the preparation in 100 ml of water.
  2. Spray the plant with a spray bottle.
  3. Avoid hitting the ground.
  4. The effect is noticeable after one procedure.

Mealybug

The second name of the pest is "hairy lice". Their appearance is determined by a white bloom on the leaves and young shoots. After sucking out the juice, the appearance of the bush is shriveled and dried out. Known control methods do not guarantee complete disposal of the pest and its larvae. Therefore, the affected plants are thrown away along with the container and earth.

Leaves dry or shrivel

The stems are very elongated and have little foliage

Where and how can you buy?

You can buy stonecrops in online stores, in the market, through ad sites, on forums, in flower shops.

When choosing a flower, you should pay attention to its appearance, the correspondence between price and cost.... With remote methods of purchase, attention is paid to the level of security at the conclusion of the transaction and the credibility of the site.

Markets, forums, message boards represent popular and unpretentious types. To purchase exotic and rare types of sedum, you should contact online stores and highly specialized forums.

Similar plants

Novice gardeners sometimes confuse sedum with a money tree or a bastard... At first glance, according to the description, they really look like leaves. However, comparing their appearance with your own eyes, the difference is obvious.

First, the trunk of the money tree is erect, stiff. It is absent in most sedums.

Secondly, the leaves of stonecrops are smaller in shape and more tender. The foliage of the bastard is strong, not so shiny and juicy.

Thirdly, sedum shoots are creeping or slightly rising above it. The money tree, on the other hand, has strong shoots extending from the trunk.

Sedum (sedum) is unpretentious. Novice growers will also cope with it. Most of the varieties, with their creeping branchy shoots, create a beautiful dense carpet on the surface of the earth. It propagates easily by cuttings, it is enough to dig in any branch and in a couple of weeks it will grow roots.


Watch the video: Flower Gardens: How to Grow Stonecrop Sedum (August 2022).