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How to care if the orchid has released a peduncle, and what if it is not there?

How to care if the orchid has released a peduncle, and what if it is not there?


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The main part of the orchid is the peduncle of the plant, the beauty and flowering of the bud depend on it. Flowers bloom 2 months after the development of the flower branch.

The article describes in detail what to do when the plant has a peduncle, what place, temperature, lighting and watering, top dressing will best contribute to the health of the flower, and also provides information on negative factors that can disrupt color formation, and how to eliminate them.

Culture has issued a flower arrow: what does it mean?

The appearance of a peduncle in an orchid coincides with the stage of the active stage of plant development. Its inception is a real event, because flowering lasts more than one week. It happens that you have to wait a long time for the flower stem to develop. With the beginning of autumn, an orchid ends the dormant period and, after two months, blossoming flowers will flaunt on the orchids.

At this time, it is advised to take extra care for the flower, make irrigation wisely, include mineral compositions in the care of the plant and provide satisfactory lighting.

Care before and during its release: what's the difference?

Until a flower stem appears on the plant, orchid cultivation is carried out according to such standard principles as:

  • A diffused illumination is created for the flower by removing it from the southern windowsill in mid-April.
  • Watering is carried out so that the soil dries out for several days between irrigations. This event will enable the root system to participate in the process of photosynthesis.
  • The plant is provided with an influx of fresh air, but at the same time, protecting it from drafts. Cold air is too dangerous for an orchid on winter days, because the damaged parts cannot be cured. There is only one way out - to cut off the frozen tissue of the flower.
  • The room should maintain a high humidity regime, as well as saturate the plant by adding mineral fertilizers to the soil.

During the development of the stem, the care of the epiphyte changes. Therefore, it is so important to know how to care for an orchid when it has released a peduncle.

  • At this time, irrigation is reduced, but it is not allowed to dry out either.... It is recommended to increase the interval between irrigations for drying up to 5 days instead of 2 with the usual growing regime. Then the orchid is watered not once a week, but twice a month.

    While her peduncle grows, the amount of dressings is reduced. They are completely abandoned when the buds of the plant begin to ripen. If this advice is neglected, the flowering will be short.

  • With the appearance of the stem, in autumn or winter, the pot with the orchid is moved to the southern window... If this is not possible, then additional illumination is organized. Otherwise, the escape will slow down in its development.

    For the normal development of the stem, the indoor regime should be maintained from +23 to +26 degrees. A lower thermometer mark will slow down the growth rate and lead to wilting of the stem.

In ordinary orchids, the peduncle grows for 2 months. Varietal varieties of hybrids grow flower stalks longer, about 3 months. After 3 months, a young shoot develops into a full-fledged stem.

Depending on the growing conditions of the orchid, the interval can be shorter or longer. Providing the necessary amount of light, sufficient moisture, heat and nutrients, plant growth is doubly active. The lateral stems grow back even faster and are fully formed after 1.5 months.

The plant has sprouted: what to do next?

Seat selection

Now, when the plant has thrown out the peduncle, the pots with the orchid must be transferred to the eastern or western windowsill, since it is light there and there is no influence of aggressive sunlight. If there is only one window in the apartment, and it also goes to the south side of the house, then only by shading it is possible to save the plant from burns and other problems.

Temperature

In an apartment environment, the work of caring for orchids is simple in terms of maintaining the temperature regime. The house is always warm enough, however, there are two dangerous moments:

  1. Air conditioning, which dramatically dries the air and after the device is running, it is necessary to additionally spray the plant.
  2. Draft... Orchids do not tolerate hypothermia. This means that the pots should be removed from the windowsill during the airing of the room.

In the event that the orchid is capricious and has ceased to delight us with its beautiful flowering, we will create a little stress for it. To do this, we will lower the daytime temperature regime to + 12 ° С, and lower the night level by a couple more degrees.

This is a method for activating bud laying in a plant. Having discovered their appearance, it is not necessary to drastically change the established regime. It should be accustomed to the usual room regime gradually so that the buds get stronger and soon pass into the budding stage.

Air humidity

It is necessary to maintain a tropical room humidity level of about 65%... In apartment living conditions, this figure is much lower, especially during the heating season.

To maintain a microclimate favorable for the orchid, frequent spraying from a spray bottle helps, every other day is quite enough. In this case, the water should be well settled and correspond to the room temperature.

Competent lighting

In the summer season, it is better not to expose a flower on a bright sunny windowsill. Otherwise, burns cannot be avoided. Better that the light is diffused. In winter and autumn twilight, special lighting is required. Otherwise, the foliage of the flower will begin to turn yellow, the buds will not open.

In order to compensate for the lack of sunlight, it is enough for one flower to turn on a 40 W bulb, installed so that a sufficient amount of light falls on the leaf and inflorescences.

Watering

When the room has a low humidity level, then the plant will give off most of the moisture through the leaves. The soil should be moistened more often. Irrigation tactics - drying-watering, what is needed. The condition of the soil should be constantly assessed. If you cover the soil with moss on top, moisture will linger longer.... You can arrange a systematic warm shower for the flower or immerse the planter in a container of water for 40 minutes every 10 days.

Top dressing

Flower care measures include the addition of mineral formulations containing potassium and phosphorus. The procedure is performed once a month, according to the instructions.

While the growth of the peduncle lasts and during the flowering period, orchids stop fertilizing. After all, any top dressing affects the reduction in the time of its budding.

When can a plant not shoot an arrow and what should be done?

Sometimes you seem to do everything competently, but the flower does not persistently grow. You should pay attention to the correctness of care and urgently correct your mistakes.

Rotting roots

With excessive watering or irrigation with cold water, root rot occurs.

  • You can easily correct this situation if a small area of ​​the plant is affected. Simply remove it with a sharp knife and process the slices.
  • When the root system rots extensively, resuscitation procedures must be carried out. First of all, remove all black and watery roots, after processing the sections, leave the orchid to build up the root mass.

Yellowing of leaves

The leaf can turn yellow for various reasons:

  • Improper watering.
  • Extremely sunny place.
  • Over-saturation with top dressing.
  • Lack of root system for various reasons.
  • Adaptation of the plant to the environment.
  • Natural flower wilting.

Lack of flowering

  • The plant may not bloom due to lack of mineral composition for its growth.
  • Due to the lack of diffused sunlight.

Harmful insects

In addition to the general signs of infestation, the orchid is often damaged by harmful insects:

  • Spider mites... On the visible part of the roots, shoot, foliage, scanty gray dots appear. The sheet of the leaf is tangled with a cobweb.
  • Whitefly... A sticky bloom is visible on the leaf - pad. On the soil in the pot, balls - "cocoons" are found.
  • Sucking parasites living in large colonies (scale insects, aphids, scale insects)... Flowers and foliage curl and turn yellow, sticky mucus appears on them.
  • Thrips... The leaf turns yellow at the bottom, there is a mass of scanty dark blotches on it - traces of excrement.
  • Woodlice... They violate the growing point. Small holes appear on buds and leaves.
  • Podura... A pest that damages a young root system starts only in excessively wet and acidic soil. Damages young roots.
  • A rare harmful insect for indoor orchids - cricket, after him holes remain on the flower and buds, he eats the roots.

When trying to save a sick orchid, you should follow some tips:

  1. Remove healthy plants from the infected area.
  2. Do not touch the healthy area of ​​the affected plant, so as not to spread the disease over the entire area of ​​the plant.
  3. Having eliminated the diseased parts with a sharp knife, you need to apply a fungicide to fence the remaining healthy tissue.
    • For this purpose, you can use cinnamon, it can be ground, applied to the area where the infected areas were cut.
    • Alcoholic solution is a good tool for dealing with harmful insects hiding in the shells and crevices of foliage.
    • The next method for dealing with black fungus is to spray a solution of laundry soap.
  4. Replacing the substrate in the orchid pot will eliminate mold.

In order for the plant to acclimatize and grow well, appropriate competent care should be organized for it. Then, after the growth of foliage, the long-awaited period of flowering will come, to the delight of the florist!

Video on how to care for an orchid when it has released a peduncle:


Watch the video: Orchid care: Everything you need to know about growing orchids. Life hacks (June 2022).


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