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The orchid is becoming more and more popular every year among lovers of home gardening. It may seem that caring for this tropical flower is very difficult, but it is not.
Observing the simplest recommendations, you can maintain a healthy appearance in a plant for a long time, keeping flowering stems, buds, leaves in perfect condition.
The purpose of the flower arrow
The orchid, after abundant and prolonged flowering, enters a state of dormancy, but when the plant has accumulated enough strength, a green shoot will appear arrow-shaped. This is the peduncle, on which, with proper care, the first buds will soon appear.
After the end of flowering, you should not get rid of the green shoot. New buds or shoots may begin to form on it, allowing you to get babies.
A damaged, withered peduncle is not the final judgment... Its correct removal will allow the plant to take a break, accumulate strength and nutrients to give life to new green shoots and flowers.
How can you tell if the entire shoot is dry?
It is extremely simple to determine an unhealthy type of flowering shoot: a change in color, a transition from a fresh green color to a yellow-brown hue, a loss of its original shape and hardness.
When is it abnormal?
The shoot can dry naturally, especially after the end of flowering. Then this will be the normal reaction of the plant.
But if the shoot has appeared recently, buds appear on it or flowering occurs, and the arrow begins to turn yellow, lose its appearance, then the matter requires intervention. Premature drying of the flowering shoot leads to disruption of natural processes, which may eventually result in the death of the plant. With a proper analysis of the situation, the condition of the orchid can be improved.
Why can the arrow dry out completely?
The main reasons for the deterioration of the health of the flowering stem in an orchid are:
- insufficient amount of light;
- an excess of mineral fertilizers;
- lack of nutrients;
- dry or too humid air;
- change in room temperature to an unacceptable value;
- the presence of unfavorable stress factors.
Further, it is considered in detail why the flower shoot dries up:
- Orchids are found naturally in exotic countries with tropical climates. Thailand is a prime example, where many varieties of this beautiful flower can be found. Therefore, orchids prefer warmth, enough light, moderate air humidity.
In winter, daylight hours in our country are noticeably reduced, which negatively affects flowers.
- Orchids do not accept the scorching, sultry rays of the sun, but they do not tolerate the absence of light either, so try to install the plant in a sufficiently illuminated place that can be protected with a special film from the direct action of the sun's rays.
- Fertilizers should be used only when necessary, without deviating from the instructions in the instructions, observing the rate and dosage.
- With excessive humidity, the process of decay is possible, but with dry air, shoots, flowers, leaves begin to fade before our eyes.
- Hypothermia can be encountered when transporting a plant in a cold period and with strong ventilation of the room.
Monitor the temperature in rooms with plants.
- Stressful situations are associated with a sharp change in the conditions for keeping orchids at home. It may be wrong, untimely transplant, change of place, owner.
What to do: step by step instructions
If the appearance of the plant leaves nothing to be desired, then the conditions for keeping the flower should be clearly analyzed and take the necessary steps to stabilize the situation.
Should you trim?
It is not recommended to cut a shoot that has just begun to turn yellow; wait until the sprout dries up. In this state, it will be easier to remove wilted shoots, minimally injuring the plants.
Experts and flower lovers with great experience recommend cutting off any processes during plant hibernation... For orchids, this is the fall-winter season.
We offer you to watch a video on how to prune an orchid peduncle:
Do I need to transplant?
Transplant the plant at the first sign of suspected root damage, rot, or discoloration of the root system.
When performing a plant transplant procedure, it is recommended to follow simple rules:
- carefully try to remove the plant from the pot without damaging the processes;
- immerse the root system under a stream of room temperature water to clean them;
- in the presence of rotten places, diseases, cut off the affected areas, treat them, let them dry;
- prepare a new pot, potting soil, drainage;
- complete the transplanting process, then isolating the plant for a while, do not water with a stream, carry out regular spraying and moisturizing.
Actions with a withered shoot
- If the shoots turn yellow, remove only those parts that have turned yellow. When drying out, it is more advisable to remove the flowering shoot completely.
- After cutting off the dry parts, the plant should be placed in a dormant state, limited or stopped for the duration of watering.
After the procedure for removing bad processes, you should take care of the orchid, keeping in mind the following:
- adjust the temperature to a moderate state;
- exercise strict control over the drying out of the earth, water through the pallet;
- introduce a limitation on too dark and too light rooms;
- humidity should not be lower than 50%;
- moderate ventilation is necessary, avoid drafts by all means;
- give up the use of fertilizers for 3-4 weeks;
- spray regularly.
Be aware that once every 2 years, the orchid requires a transplant, renewal of the soil cover, and an increase in the pot with good growth.
Remember, a dried flower stalk is only a temporary hindrance on your way to healthy and beautiful flowers on your favorite orchid. With proper disposal of dried parts, their handling and care, soon new arrows will appear on the plant, ready to give life to beautiful buds.