Breeding methods for pelargonium at home. Potential problems and further care

Breeding methods for pelargonium at home. Potential problems and further care

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The pelargonium beauty is distinguished by its unpretentious cultivation. Its year-round flowering is due to timely watering and the presence of sunlight. Reproduction of a flower is also not difficult and is possible in several ways, however, each of them has its own advantages.

The following article describes the various breeding methods for pelargonium and outlines the difficulties that can be encountered during this process.

How does an indoor flower propagate?

Reproduction of pelargonium is possible in several ways.:

  • sowing seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • dividing the bush.

Each method has certain advantages and disadvantages that should be studied before starting to propagate the plant.

Step by step instructions: how to propagate?

For reproduction at home, any of the methods is suitable. The only caveat is that when growing your own seeds, you may not get the desired plant if the mother plant is a hybrid.


Sowing seeds can be done at any time of the year, but for better rooting of the emerged seedlings, it is better to comply with natural requirements and plant them in early spring, in late March - early April, providing a day of light for at least 12 hours.

Pelargonium can be planted in a permanent place for growing in indoor conditions at the stage of 10-12 leaves, in an open flower bed - after the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.

You will learn about planting pelargonium seeds from this video:

Sowing in a peat tablet

The most convenient way to grow pelargonium from seeds is sowing in a peat tablet. The advantages of this method:

  • increased content of minerals - the composition of the tablet fully meets the necessary requirements for seed germination and seedling nutrition;
  • no diving of seedlings is required, and, therefore, the roots of the plant are not damaged.

The order of work will be as follows:

  1. Prepare the seeds.
  2. Place a tablet with the indentation upwards in a plastic cup or place several in one wide container.
  3. Fill the container with water at a temperature of + 34 + 360C, leave for 7-15 minutes until it swells completely. It should be borne in mind that the size of the tablet will increase 4-6 times.
  4. Place a stratified and processed seed into the recess of the tablet, sprinkle with sand or press with the top of the peat.
  5. Cover with foil and remove to a warm place until shoots appear.

Seed treatment should be carried out in accordance with the above recommendations.

How to plant pelargonium in peat tablets is described in the video:

By dividing the bush

The division of the bush is quite traumatic for pelargonium, but, as a rule, adult plants tolerate it well.

The process is carried out in the following order:

  1. All woody parts of the plant and long shoots should be cut off 15-20 days before dividing.
  2. Prepare two or more (if necessary) containers of treated soil.
  3. Make holes in a container, fill them with water.
  4. Remove the pelargonium from the pot, gently shake the roots off the ground without damaging them or breaking them off.
  5. With a sharp knife, divide the bush into two parts, while it is important to ensure that roots remain on each plant.

    The ratio of the length of the roots and the height of the aboveground part should be no more than 1: 2. The optimal value is 1: 1.

  6. Plant pelargonium in prepared containers, sprinkle with earth.
  7. Place the pots with the plant in a warm, bright place, do not cover with foil, do not water for 3-5 days.

To fill up the planted parts, it is not recommended to use the soil in which pelargonium grew, since it no longer contains nutrients and is not suitable for stable growth.

Possible problems

When a flower is propagated, the following problems may arise:

  • The stem of the seedling turns black, the plant lies on the ground... It is a sign of infection of seedlings with a black leg, occurs with excessive watering. Affected seedlings should be removed from the root, watering the remaining plants should be reduced.
  • Lack of seedlings... The reason is unstratified or poor quality seeds. If no shoots appear within 3-4 months, a new batch should be sown.
  • Uneven shoots... Appear when there is no container cover.
  • Withering of separated plant parts... Occurs when the root-shoot proportion is violated or in the absence of timely watering. Can be eliminated by shortening the ground part or reducing the number of shoots.

Pelargonium is unpretentious in cultivation, and problems with its reproduction are easily eliminated.

First care immediately after the procedure

Caring for the plant after reproduction is as follows:

  • Watering - as the top layer dries, avoid contact with leaves or seedlings.
  • Loosening the soil - is carried out for oxygen enrichment not earlier than 1 month after germination or transplantation, and not more often than once a week.
  • Top dressing - after 30-45 days with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, after 2-3 months - with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

The main factor for the rooting of a flower at such a time is diffused sunlight.

All methods of breeding pelargonium are quite simple and effective. Growing a plant from seeds will allow you to replenish your garden with new plant species, and dividing a bush will fill its space with beautiful flowers.

Watch the video: How to care Geranium flower plants? (August 2022).