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By purchasing such a beautiful, but very capricious plant like an orchid, every florist hopes that it will delight him with its long and beautiful flowering. For this, he is ready to indulge all his whims.
Well, when, how many times and how long the orchid pleases us with this event will be discussed in detail in this article.
What determines the flowering time?
It is difficult to determine the timing of flowering of an orchid, because in the native environment, with a constant climate, this can happen at any time. At home, everything depends on several factors, such as:
- the length of daylight hours;
- plant variety;
This usually happens during the autumn and winter period. But there are species that throw out a peduncle in spring and summer.
And with the creation of certain conditions and rules of care, an orchid in general can bloom 2-3 times a year.
Attention! Flowers appear only in an adult plant. If you do not know the age of an orchid, then it can be determined by the number of leaves. An adult should have 5-8.
When does this period begin?
Different varieties prefer their own season and it is not necessary that it will be summer when the plant blooms. The flowering period is individual for each type of plant:
- In phalaenopsis, paphidopellums, this period is considered to be winter - November-March.
- Cymbidiums and dendrobiums will delight from October to February, and with proper care, it can also be in summer.
- Cattleya blooms from spring to early winter.
- Oncidium - April-June.
- Miltassia and Miltonia bloom in spring or autumn.
But also experienced florists deceive the plants and, having created favorable conditions, achieve flowering in a different period.
How often can the plant bloom, how many times a year?
Often blooming orchids can bloom up to several times a year, provided that all the rules for their maintenance are followed. And of course it depends on the type and age of the plant.
A young orchid won't bloom at all and that's okay.... Because it must grow and get stronger, and this process greatly depletes the flower and not having gained enough strength, it can die.
How many times in its life an orchid will bloom is difficult to say, because at any time a peduncle can begin to grow, and the flowering itself can last for several months over many years.
With the right care, an orchid can live for decades. Conversely, if your care is negligent, then it may not last up to five, and the flowering will be rare and not long.
How much rest when the faded should bloom again?
The orchid, as one of the most capricious plants, needs a period of adaptation in a new place. In the beginning, you need to create favorable living conditions for her.
The first time an orchid can bloom in 1.5-3 years, ask the seller about its age. It is not necessary to stimulate a young plant for an earlier ejection of the peduncle, as this can lead to the death of the flower. To do this, he must gain strength, build up a good root system, rich green foliage.
It is impossible to determine the exact timing of the first flowering, they are individual for each... Try to properly care for the plant, provide:
- comfortable and long-lasting lighting;
- air humidity;
- temperature regime.
Do not rearrange it, it is very sensitive to location changes. Under good conditions, it will not be slow to delight you with its beautiful flowers.
A faded orchid begins to actively vegetate, grow roots and greens... When the plant has bloomed, the peduncle begins to dry out and turn black, it needs to be cut off, also during this period the flower can be transplanted, fertilized, help the better development of roots and leaves, and after 2-3 months the plant can bloom again.
Some orchid species throw out the arrow immediately after the formation of a new leaf.
Also, the duration of the rest period is influenced by:
- Plant age.
- His health.
- Conditions of detention.
If you already see that the plant is healthy, looks good, has gained strength, but for some reason does not bloom, then you can push it a little. To do this, you can arrange for him a sharp temperature drop: it is cold at night and warm during the day. A difference of 8-10 degrees is quite enough, and the plant should not be watered. The procedure should take 2-3 weeks. After that, return it to its previous conditions and the result will not be long in coming.
In the video about what to do after the orchid has faded, and how soon it can bloom again:
How long does it last?
The flowering time in most cases depends on the age of the plant, its type, and the comfort of the conditions. It can be from 2 to 6-8 months. It is believed that one flower on a stem lasts about 3-4 weeks, and the difference between the opening of the buds is a month or more.
Attention! Phalaenopsis is one of the longest flowering varieties. In adulthood, this plant can bloom all year round, throwing out new flower stalks in turn.
Be sure to provide the plant with long-term lighting, at least 12 hours. Otherwise, it may discard colors.
How to care for the plant to extend this period?
The flowering of the orchid is so beautiful and unique that every grower wants to prolong this pleasure. But how can you do this? Remember that every wrong action can cause the plant to shed flowers.
Caring for orchids during flowering consists of watering, it should be strengthened... It is advised to do this with a warm shower, simulating tropical rain. After such a procedure, do not forget to remove moisture from the growing point, in order to avoid decay.
The night temperature should be at least 18 degrees, and the difference from the daytime should be within 5-6.
Do not forget that the lighting should be at least 12 hours, illuminate with special lamps with a short daylight hours. Lack of light at the orchid flowering stage leads to unpleasant consequences:
- wilting and drying of unblown buds;
- disclosure of flowers for a very short time;
- dropping them one by one.
Attention! For additional lighting, use phytolamps - they do not dry or overheat the air.
Also, the flower needs daily spraying and humidification.... You can use special devices or put pallets with water. Ventilate the room, but do not leave the plant in a draft, it will not like it either.
The main thing at this time the plant is not allowed:
An orchid is a living organism that reacts in a mirror-like manner to your actions. And the better its content, the more abundant and longer flowering. Love your plant and it will delight you for years to come.
In the video about the time and duration of orchid flowering: