We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Blooming orchids are often presented instead of bouquets or bought for the occasion. But, the plants do not bloom again, and sometimes they die. What is the reason?
We will tell you about the mistakes of novice florists, how to save a flower after purchase and take care of it correctly.
The article describes in detail whether special care is needed for the purchased plant and how to carry it out, what problems you may encounter, what actions are prohibited and about much more.
Features of the growth of culture in the store
The main task of retail chains is to overexpose flowers and sell them as "bouquets in pots". Minimal care: plants are watered 1-2 times a week and dry leaves are removed. To preserve their presentation longer, they are overfed with stimulants. This is one of the reasons why the flower in the store looked healthy but withered at home. Therefore, orchids from large or non-core retail chains need rehabilitation.
In flower boutiques, care is better. Plants are selected for a suitable place and watering regime. Optimal conditions are created only in greenhouse stores.
Below you can see a photo of recently purchased plants:
How long does it take for a newly purchased plant to adapt?
After the shop, the orchid is given time to adapt. At home, it is left in light partial shade for 1-2 days, away from the heat of batteries or drafts. For the first 6-12 hours, it is better not to remove the packaging and not disturb the flower. Then the plant is examined, the necessary rehabilitation is carried out and quarantined.
Does a flower need quarantine when it is brought home?
Quarantine is necessary if other houseplants live in the house. This is a mandatory preventive measure against mass infection with diseases and pests common to different crops.
Most store-bought orchids are affected by mealybugs, spider mites, or scale insects. Sometimes this is not immediately noticeable - it takes time to identify and fix the problem. The duration of the quarantine is from 20 days to a month.
Signs of pest damage:
- The spider mite settles on orchids with soft leaves. Cobwebs and dark spots are visible on them. Acaricides with a wide spectrum of action will help - for example, the drug "Apollo".
- Scabbards - similar to gray or brown plaques. Leathery leaves are affected. The plant is washed in soapy water, treated with Aktara or Mospilan.
- Mealybug - a pest covered with fluff. It hides in the axils and on the inside of the leaves. The first sign is cotton spots. Methods of fighting as with scabbards.
An orchid without signs of damage is disinfected with a diluted solution of 1% salicylic alcohol (1 tablespoon of the substance for 3 tablespoons of water). Leaves, peduncles and support sticks are treated with it, so that the drops flow down to the growing point. After 15 minutes, the growth point and leaf axils are soaked with a toilet paper cone. If the plant looks healthy, the quarantine can be shortened to three weeks.
How to look after further: step by step instructions
For plants with two cuttings, the roots are packed in a planting bag. It is difficult to notice during visual inspection and if not removed, the flower will die. It is necessary to change the store substrate, clean and inspect the roots. Therefore, after the purchase, orchids are transplanted.
- The pot is transparent, with large drainage holes. The roots are clearly visible in it. The volume of the pot is the size of the roots - the orchid likes to sit tight.
- Ready-made soil or substrate for orchids. Vermiculite is added to it, which will regulate moisture and charcoal - it will prevent root rot.
- Japanese anti-stress drops for rehabilitation - HB-101.
- When the wet substrate dries, the orchid is taken out of the pot and the planting bag (if any) is carefully removed.
- The roots are washed in a bowl of warm water, the rotten areas are removed. The plant is then given a warm shower. The water temperature is not higher than 40 C.
- A nutrient solution is prepared (1 drop of HB-101 per liter of drinking water). Pour half into a fine spray bottle.
- The orchid is placed in a jar with a solution and the leaves are sprayed from a spray bottle.
- After 2-3 days, the flower is taken out of the solution, planted in a new substrate and sent to quarantine.
- Watered on the fourth day after planting and continue to spray with the rest of the solution.
Where to put the container?
After quarantine, a permanent place is selected for the orchid. It gets along with most houseplants. Do not choose citrus and fruit crops as neighbors. The orchid will not bloom next to them. The optimal place is a window sill or at the level of the window sill, outside the zone of drafts.
- South side suitable for thermophilic varieties that need more light.
In the spring and summer, the windows are slightly shaded from direct sunlight.
- East side - for varieties of temperate climates.
- Western window suitable for shade-loving species. But, in winter the light will not be enough
- North side - too dark for orchids. When there are no other options, they organize additional lighting with a phytolamp.
If the orchid is part of the decor, then in the rooms it is placed near a window or a constant light source. In a room without windows, the plant needs artificial lighting. It is set so that the light is uniform.
Conditions of detention
A "light and cool" location is suitable for any orchid. Additional conditions depend on the type of flower. General rules:
- Long daylight hours (12-15 hours). The light should be evenly diffused. Phytolamps are used in winter.
- Air humidity - 50%. A container with wet pebbles or sphagnum moss can be placed next to the plant. Evaporation will maintain the microclimate of the flower.
Orchids are divided into several types by origin. At home they grow:
- heat-loving - grow at a temperature of + 25 ... 28 C;
- temperate plants - optimal mode + 18 ... 22 C.
The interval between waterings is from 7 to 14 days. A sign of a lack of moisture is the yellowish ends of the roots. You can stick a wooden skewer into the substrate for half an hour. Remain dry - it's time to water.
- Immersion - the pot with the plant is placed for 15 minutes in a spacious container of water at the level of 1/3 of the pot. Then they take it out, let the water drain and drain it from the pan.
- Strait - a container with a flower is placed in a small basin and the substrate is watered until the drained water rises to half the pot. Then it is transferred to a grate to drain the excess.
- Ice cubes - put 1-3 ice cubes on the substrate covered with moss. They conceal and nourish the roots drop by drop.
- Spraying the substrate - every day the substrate is sprayed little by little from a fine spray.
- The usual way - 50 ml of water per pot. The water drained into the pan is drained after 15 minutes.
Attention! After spraying, watering, showering and processing the plant, the growing point is soaked with a napkin - moisture provokes rotting.
Fertilizers are applied after watering, into a wet substrate, once every 3-4 weeks. Use formulations for orchids.
It is more convenient to feed during irrigation by immersion. The pot with the plant is placed in a nutrient solution for 15-20 minutes.
Before flowering, a complex fertilizer for flowering plants, without calcium in the composition, is suitable. During this period, the orchid needs more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen (in a proportion of 2-6-4).
For top dressing, you can use two types of fertilizers: for active growth ("Joy") and for flowering ("Mr. Color"). Or replace them with one universal ("Bona Forte", "Pokon"). Universal and special fertilizers are not used at the same time.
The main problem is a weak root system. In such plants, the roots are poorly visible in the pot. When transplanting, a lot of rotten and dry parts are noticeable, and there are almost no healthy ones. Damaged and dead pieces are removed. The plant is placed in water with HB-101 (1 drop per liter), or with the addition of root growth stimulants (Radifarm, Etamon). New roots will grow back and get stronger in 6-12 months and the orchid is planted in the substrate.
What if you bought a blooming crop?
After the store, some of the flowers fall off, and the flowering may be short-lived. This is due to a change of location. Watered during this period in moderation. An externally healthy plant is transplanted after flowering.... Emergency transplantation is necessary if the roots are dying and in the case of obvious signs of pest infestation.
When the orchid drops all flowers, the peduncle is cut 1-2 cm above the third bud from the bottom. The place of the cut is poured with a drop of wax so that the peduncle does not dry out. After some time, the kidney will give a new arrow.
What shouldn't be done?
Basic mistakes of beginners:
- excessive watering during flowering - in nature, plants bloom during drought;
- oversupply of fertilizers - the orchid grows green mass and stops blooming;
- a lot of sun - sunburn on the leaves;
- frequent transplantation - a healthy plant is transplanted once every 3 years;
- watering time - water only in the first half of the day, so that by the evening the substrate has time to dry out.
- The flower stopped growing - the place is too dark, one-sided light or short daylight hours. The plant is illuminated with a phytolamp.
- Roots dry - lack of moisture, heat, dry air. You need to change the place, arrange a one-time shower for the plant and normalize watering.
- Chemical burn - the fertilizer was applied to a dry substrate, in the wrong proportions. The plant is transplanted, the affected parts of the roots and leaves are removed.
- The appearance of rot - waterlogging. The plant is quarantined and treated with a fungicide with propamocrab in the composition.
Important! All cut sites are disinfected with coal powder, brilliant green or ground cinnamon.
The conditions for orchids in stores are not ideal. After purchase, the flowers are transplanted into a new substrate. Competent resuscitation will help the plant recover and stimulate further growth. With proper care, the orchid will bloom for 2 to 6 months.
Video on what to do with an orchid after purchase: