Orchid from a cuttings: how to get a new plant using this method? Pros and cons of this breeding method

Orchid from a cuttings: how to get a new plant using this method? Pros and cons of this breeding method

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Luxurious orchids have become a well-known houseplant that blends harmoniously with every design.

Self-cultivation of exotic flowers is a laborious job that requires specific knowledge. The specifics of the process depend on the type of orchid.

At first glance, this is a job for professionals, however, adhering to certain rules, a novice gardener will also cope with it. We'll talk more about the nuances of orchid breeding in our article.

What is grafting?

By cuttings, we mean the division of the peduncle into several component parts, any of which, under specific circumstances, can form a baby on itself. It is necessary to cut the flower arrow at a time when it has completely faded. The length of the cuttings may vary.

It is important to create the right environment for the cuttings. Initially, on the cut of the peduncle, the scales are removed, which covers the sleeping bud. Then the share of the shoot is located in a mini-greenhouse filled with wet sphagnum. The top of the greenhouse should be covered with a lid or a colorless film. Rooting petioles is allowed in:

  • cut plastic bottles;
  • containers;
  • zip packages;
  • cake boxes.

Important! Rooting must be carried out at a temperature of at least + 25 ° C in the daytime and + 18 ° C at night, otherwise the sleeping kidney will not come to life. Suitable moisture in a greenhouse is 70%.

The greenhouse needs to be ventilated and irrigated every day to maintain moisture. The required duration of daylight hours at the moment is 14 hours. If there is little natural light, you should form a backlight. With proper grooming, after 2-3 weeks, new orchid plants will rise from the dormant buds.

Pros and cons of this breeding method

The main plus of cuttings is that a fresh culture inherits all the properties of the mother orchid. This is the main thing for the rarest and most valuable species. The material for the petioles is constantly available, but for the formation of children, the formation of special environments is necessary - contrast temperature and moisture regime.

The disadvantages of the method include the probable collapse of the petioles. Not all of them take root, some simply rot. Another disadvantage is the long waiting period for the root of the shoot. For a month or longer, he will be in the greenhouse and need to be cared for.

Features of the

What time is it more correct to take the petiole?

The beginning of spring is the perfect time for orchid reproduction. Over the winter, they have accumulated strength and prepared for the stage of intensive growth.

For grafting, a peduncle is taken that has stopped blooming. There are several dormant buds on a long stalk. The plant must be strong, it is forbidden to use material from an orchid that has undergone stress.

You should prepare for propagation by cuttings.

To work you will need:

  • scalpel or sharpened knife;
  • antiseptic;
  • Activated carbon;
  • a plastic container with a lid, a bag or a plastic bottle for a greenhouse.

Where and how to get the scion?

To breed an orchid with stalks at home, you should find out for which varieties this method is suitable. Both sympodial and monopodial species can be grown by cuttings.... In the 1st case, cuttings will be done with a pseudobulba, and in the 2nd - with peduncles.

The best results of such reproduction are provided by dendrobiums and phalaenopsis. But an unfavorable experience is also noticed, since the effect depends on many circumstances: the environment, light, and most importantly, the genetic characteristics of the orchid. Experienced gardeners still do not advise using cymbidiums, cattleyas and other most expensive varieties for this.

How to reproduce?

  1. We need a peduncle or a pseudobulb. The peduncle can be cut off after it begins to dry, and the pseudobulb can be taken from each faded dendrobium.
  2. We need a mixture of small fraction bark and sphagnum moss.
  3. The cuts of the peduncles can be dried, the cuts of the pseudobulb can be treated with phytosporin or doused with paraffin.
  4. We place the prepared substrate in the greenhouse and put the petioles there.
  5. As the substrate dries, it must be moistened with a spray bottle. The temperature must be maintained at a degree of 23-25 ​​degrees. In addition, there must be diffused light and systematic ventilation.

The initial results can be seen after 14-21 days. On the peduncles of the phalaenopsis, dormant buds can awaken, on the pseudobulbs of the dendrobium, fresh shoots can appear, which will gradually become children.

How a plant reproduces: step by step instructions

At home, reproduction by cuttings must be carried out in this way:

  1. Disinfect a sharpened knife (scalpel) with alcohol or an antiseptic.
  2. Cut the peduncle closer to the base.
  3. Depending on the length of the stem, it is divided into components of 10-15 cm. Each petiole must have 2-3 buds. When cutting, keep in mind that the kidney must be as low as possible.
  4. Treat all cuts of the petioles and the mother plant with activated carbon powder or brilliant green. This will save the culture from getting infection through the damaged area.
  5. Sphagnum moss is located at the bottom of the tank and is moistened. Petioles are placed horizontally along the plane of the moss. Make sure that the axillary kidney is pointing up. They should not be deepened or covered.
  6. To activate root formation, it is recommended to irrigate the substrate with a solution of a biostimulant for orchids "Augustine". The rate of use is 1 tablet per 1.5 liters of water. For the formation of a greenhouse, a plastic container with a lid with holes for ventilation is suitable. It is allowed to use a pot or other container.

    The main requirement is to cover the greenhouse with film or glass. This guarantees a consistently high level of moisture required for root development.

  7. The receptacle with petioles is located in a warm zone, where the temperature is not lower than 25 °.
  8. Taking care of the processes consists in periodically moistening the substrate. Irrigation is carried out using a sprayer. Moistening is done with warm water. The murav's schedule is every 3-4 days. The offshoots should have enough light, but it is forbidden to expose them to the sun. This will cause the greenhouse temperature to rise.

    If necessary, additional lighting with fluorescent lamps is used.

Important! Sphagnum moss has antibacterial properties and can retain a lot of moisture. It is indispensable in the formation of a substrate for mature and young orchids.

After 30 days, 2-3 leaves and roots will appear on the petioles. They will be allowed to be seated in separate pots.

Video about orchid propagation by cuttings:

A photo

Here you can see a photo of a plant obtained by cuttings:

Problems with shoots after depositing it

The first roots on the shoots should be expected for about 30 days. However, the reproduction procedure does not always bring the desired effect. A well-known root cause of bad luck is failure to follow sterility advice.

Some gardeners germinate the petiole with a bud, not on sphagnum, but on water. This method brings a small percentage of positive effects. Under the influence of light, microbes rapidly multiply in the water, causing decay. To improve the situation, it is allowed to use activated carbon and frequent water changes.

Using dirty tools can infect the scion with microorganisms or fungus. A similar difficulty arises for professionals. Due to practical experience, they discovered a method to solve it - with the first symptoms of mold, the shoot is immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate for 40-50 minutes.

Reproduction of orchids is the most exciting procedure, as their beauty can hardly be overestimated. In conclusion, we can say the following:

  1. There are a huge number of breeding methods: cuttings, separation, babies, grains.
  2. For sympodial and monopodial orchids, various breeding methods are used at home.
  3. Each method will require a lot of time and special care for young plants.
  4. Grain reproduction is in most situations available either to highly skilled orchid breeders or only in laboratory settings.

Watch the video: 8 POWERFUL HOMEMADE ROOTING HORMONES. Natural Rooting Stimulants for Gardening (May 2022).