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Many gardeners and flower lovers love orchids. They are really beautiful and sophisticated, and fertilization will make them healthier and more resistant to pests.
The article tells in detail about what and when to feed, how to do it correctly and what means to use so that the flowers delight with their appearance.
What can you feed the plant with?
Means for feeding orchids can be specialized and folk. Let's consider each of the options.
Specialized products include a complex of vitamins, trace elements and other nutrients. As a rule, a special solution is prepared with their help.
As for folk remedies, we offer you some of the most effective ones:
- Lemon or pomegranate peel - insist 50 grams of crusts in a liter of water for a day, and then use as fertilizer.
- To boost the immune system, dissolve an aspirin tablet in a liter of water and spray on the foliage.
- Take a liter of settled water and dissolve a teaspoon of sugar in it. Water the plant once a month with the solution.
When to fertilize?
How to feed a plant directly depends on the season. So, in winter, one top dressing per month is enough. Air dried up by heating, lack of light and drafts do not affect the well-being of plants in the best way, so they fall into a state of dormancy. In late winter, early spring, orchids begin a phase of active growth. As a result, foliage grows actively, but the plant itself is still weak after hibernation.
You need to feed the flowers in the first week after it begins to bloom. This restores vitality and prevents yellowing of the leaves. In autumn, foliage and aerial roots are fertilized during flowering. From early September to November, flowers are fed once every two weeks. Also, twice a month, they are fed during the flowering periods, but only with those products that do not include nitrogen.
What exactly to feed a flower in autumn, winter and at other times will be described later.
Are the fertilizers suitable for other flowers?
It is best to use only orchid fertilizers. They have a special mark on them. They contain all the essential vitamins and minerals needed for growth and development.
What types of mixtures are there?
There are three types of fertilizers in total:
Among the concentrated fertilizers, the best are:
- "Garden of Miracles";
Concentrated products can be used for both root and foliar feeding (spraying).
Fertilizers - sticks are produced in a convenient form and contain a maximum of nutrients. Some of them are visually similar to capsules. But, they are not suitable for orchids, due to the peculiarities of the root system.
The roots simply cannot draw nutrients from the soil. They are very powerful and often extend outside the pot. The stick, on the other hand, remains in one place, in contact with only a few roots and often leaves burns in these places.
Liquid fertilizers are the most convenient to use. They contain ready-made substances, all that is needed is to dissolve the composition in water. How to prepare the solution is indicated in the instructions on the package. It is much easier for plants to absorb vitamins from the soil if the fertilizer is liquid.
The best means
Further from the table you can find out about the most popular types of nutritional mixtures, including castor oil, potassium monophosphate, and how often you need to feed the flower with different means and whether it is worth fertilizing the plants during illness.
|Title and Description||How to apply||Cost in Moscow and St. Petersburg|
|Castor oil - if an orchid blooms only once a year, you should also feed it with castor oil once a year.|
With monthly flowering - once a month.
|Pokon is a special agent for orchids in the form of tablets, sticks, spray, granules, or liquid solution.|
Important: when working, use gloves, in case of contact with mucous membranes, rinse with water.
|Instructions for using Pokon:||The price in Moscow and St. Petersburg is on average from 220 to 300 rubles.|
The application of the growth promoter is similar to the pink and blue fertilizers.
|Potassium monophosphate is a fertilizer produced in the form of powder or small granules.||Please note that if the fertilizer is in powder form, it cannot be dissolved with tap water. Use at least boiled water.|
Further, the feeding procedure looks like this:
Please note that potassium monophosphate is not used when orchids are sleeping or sick. It is necessary to introduce it when flower stalks with buds appear, when the buds begin to bloom and at the height of flowering.
|Joy - suitable for both annuals and perennials, prolongs flowering, forms large inflorescences and bright colors.||Mode of application:||About a hundred rubles.|
|Zircon - helps the plant to form roots, bloom, and also acts as an immunomodulator.|
Useful for transplanting, soaking cuttings, seeds, watering the soil and spraying leaves.
|How to apply:||13 rubles 1 ml.|
|Flower Happiness is a comprehensive remedy for all types of orchids.|
They bloom magnificently, grow harmoniously and have a high decorative effect.
|It is applied no earlier than two weeks after the transplant. The rest of the time, you can use the product once a month. How to use:||The cost of "Flower Happiness" in Moscow and St. Petersburg is from 85 to 150 rubles and more.|
|Mister color - used when root feeding is needed.|
A tool with a wide spectrum of action.
|Mode of application:||Approximately 50 rubles, for 0.3 liters.|
|Agricola is a liquid fertilizer with:||Approximately 80 rubles.|
|Fasco - used for feeding any kind of orchid.||Application:||200 rubles.|
Which is the best choice and why?
The most popular orchid fertilizers have been listed above. Now let's tell you what to opt for. In total, there are several parameters for an ideal fertilizer:
- Acidity - should be no higher than pH 7 and not lower than pH5. Otherwise, the plants do not receive the necessary nutrients. If the environment is too acidic, the concentration of the substances exceeds the toxic level.
- The concentration of nutrients should be reduced compared to those used for indoor plants, but should not be too low, otherwise the orchids will suffer from nutrient deficiencies.
- The composition of the product should contain substances that prevent the accumulation of salts in the bark.
- Trace elements must be in a chelated form. Please note: there must be chelates of the trace element iron.
- The tool should have additional innovative components. With their help, flowers will grow better.
- Choose liquid fertilizers because they are easy to apply. You don't have to measure, weigh anything. If we talk about sticks, the release of nutrients in them is uneven.
- It is better if the main plant nutrition is mineral.
If you regularly feed your orchids with fertilizers, they will grow well, bloom luxuriantly and beautifully. Also, the funds protect them from diseases and pests.