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The importance of vitamins for orchids. Frequency and rules of plant nutrition

The importance of vitamins for orchids. Frequency and rules of plant nutrition


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Vitamins are an essential component in plant nutrition. Beautiful and bright buds, smooth leaves, strong shoots - all this is the result of proper care, which speaks of a balanced nutrition of the orchid.

But it is important to know when and how to add certain vitamins so as not to harm the flower.

The importance of vitamin supplements for the plant

Regular vitamin supplementation ensures the normal course of life processes. The manifestation of healthy vital activity of the orchid involves:

  • fast and intense growth;
  • adaptation to unstable conditions;
  • full assimilation of trace elements;
  • full-fledged metabolic processes based on retained moisture.

An orchid that receives sufficient nutrition develops well and produces large buds of rich color. Vitamins supply the plant with additional energy for the processes associated with the preparation for flowering and flowering itself.

What additional power supplies are needed?

The orchid receives the necessary nutrients from moisture and air, but there are times when the self-synthesized nutrition is not enough. At this time, she needs additional food sources - vitamins:

  • B1 (thiamine) activates the growth and development of the root system;
  • B3 (nicotinic acid) quickly restores the flower after illness and transplantation;
  • B6 (adermin) strengthens the immune system;
  • B12 (cobalamin) accelerates the growth rate of the plant;
  • C (ascorbic acid) strengthens the immune system, protects the orchid from ultraviolet radiation, parasites and pests.

Important! Vitamin B1 must be added strictly separately. In combination with other vitamins, it breaks down and loses its beneficial properties.

Indications and contraindications

You need to feed the orchid with vitamins only when it needs it. Both an overabundance and untimely intake of additional nutrition can cause suppression of vital functions or its death.

Indications for feeding with vitamins are the following periods and states of the orchid:

  • autumn (lack of light and fresh air);
  • loss of the root system (loss of pieces of roots);
  • the absence of the appearance of flowers for a long period (up to several years);
  • adaptation period after transplantation (long-term weakening of the flower);
  • general lethargy of the plant (wrinkled and twisted leaves of a pale color);
  • diseases (parasites and pathogenic microflora).

Contraindications for the introduction of vitamins include the following points:

  • flowering period;
  • dormant period (after flowering, when the plant naturally gains strength);
  • good condition of the plant (dense smooth leaves, elastic shoots, juicy flowers).

Important! A flower overfed with vitamins for prevention may die. Top dressing is used only when absolutely necessary.

How often should you fertilize?

Vitamins are applied from March to October, no more than 2 times a month. The frequency of application also depends on the condition of the plant and environmental conditions: humidity, light and other factors.

Home processing with group B additives

B1 (thiamine)

Water-soluble vitamin. Plant root growth activator, protection against early aging... Increases the intensity and duration of flowering. Used alone.

  1. Dosage: 1 ampoule 1 ml.
  2. Dilution: in 1 liter of water.
  3. Processing: spraying once a month, during flowering.

B3 (nicotinic acid)

Accelerates the formation of flowers and sprouts... It is involved in hormonal metabolism. Can be mixed with vitamins other than B1.

  1. Dosage: 50 mg tablet.
  2. Dilution: in 1 liter of water.
  3. Processing: spraying 2 times a month.

B6 (adermin)

Improving immunity, accelerating recovery from illness... Increases the adaptive properties of the plant. Combines with B3.

  1. Dose: 10 mg tablet (pyridixine, pyridoxamine, pyridoxal).
  2. Dilution: in a liter of water.
  3. Processing: during orchid transplantation and after diseases. Not more than 3 times a month.

B12 (cobalamin)

Recommended in cold weather, with a lack of light and air... Accelerates the growth rate of orchids, influences the formation of young and maintenance of old peduncles. Combines with B3.

  1. Dose: 500 mcg tablet.
  2. Dilution: in 1 liter of water.
  3. Processing: spraying no more than 2 times a month.

The composition of the vitamin cocktail for resuscitation

To prepare a vitamin cocktail, you can mix 2 vitamins or more, given their compatibility with each other. Can't be combined:

  • B1 - with none of the B vitamins;
  • B3 - with B1;
  • B6 - with B1 and B12;
  • B12 - with B1 and B6.

Match well:

  • B3 and B6;
  • B12 and B3.

The inclusion of ascorbic acid in the vitamin cocktail will increase the effectiveness of the product.

It is necessary to give a cocktail for resuscitation during periods of weakening of the plant and after transplantation. The selected components are dissolved in 1 dose in a liter of water, and then the flower is sprayed.

Reference! Spraying should be done with a spray gun with maximum spray. The jet is directed so that the agent falls on the underside of the leaves.

Problems of scarcity and excess

With a lack of vitamins in an orchid, the following symptoms are observed:

  • slowdown in growth and flowering;
  • crushing and pallor of flowers;
  • chlorosis;
  • dying off of leaves and root system.

When overfeeding the orchid with vitamins, such signs will appear:

  • violation of the growth rate of the measles system;
  • a decrease in the concentration of manganese and iron (pale yellow or whitish leaves);
  • interveinal chlorosis.

With a lack of vitamins, it is advisable to establish regular feeding of the plant with B vitamins with the addition of ascorbic acid. If the plant is overfed, you need to stop adding vitamins for up to 2 months.

Vitamin cocktails and dressings will help keep the orchid healthy for the entire period of its life.... Overfeeding a plant is just as dangerous to its life as a lack of vitamins. The orchid has indications and contraindications for vitamins, which are recommended to be known and taken into account.

Watch a video about vitamins and vitamin cocktails for orchids:


Watch the video: Best Orchid Fertilizers for Flowering and growth! Orchid Care! Orchid blooming fertilizer. (May 2022).