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Experienced flower growers know how difficult it is to achieve flowering orchids. To do this, certain conditions must be observed: maintaining the required temperature and humidity, lighting, the correct composition of the soil.
Any mistake in care can lead to the death of the plant. The selection of soil for transplanting is the most important and difficult stage in flower care.
Is soil replacement necessary during transplanting?
For any plant, transplanting is stressful. As for the orchid, it is transplanted every three years with a complete replacement of the soil. During this period of time, the soil loses its original important properties, namely:
- The amount of nutrients in the soil is reduced.
- Acidity rises.
- The balance of mineral salts is disturbed.
- The soil starts to pass air poorly.
- The substrate starts to rot.
For orchids, the main substrate is tree bark... After interacting with water, it swells and collapses. Then the substrate becomes dense, air exchange is disrupted and the roots of the plant do not receive the required dose of oxygen.
For full-fledged growth and flowering, the acidity of the soil should be from 5.5 to 6.5 pH. If the acidity index is more or less than the norm, then the leaves of the orchid will turn yellow, since it will not absorb iron to the full.
The orchid should be watered with clean water, because due to poor-quality watering, mineral salts accumulate in the soil. This negatively affects the functioning of the plant roots.
How to choose the right substrate: soil requirements
A well-chosen substrate for a plant is the key to good flower growth... If you pick up the wrong soil, the plant will not take root and die. There are basic soil requirements that you should pay attention to in order to transplant an orchid:
- good air permeability of the soil;
- lack of toxic elements in the composition;
- acidity within normal limits;
- good mineral composition.
What kind of land is needed?
Home-grown orchids are divided into two types.:
They differ not only visually, but also in the growing environment. Therefore, the soil for these two species is different.
- For epiphytic plants, soil is not only a source of moisture and nutrition, but also a support. The soil must contain a sufficient amount of mineral and organic substances. For example, you can use 1 part charcoal and 5 parts bark. As additional components are suitable:
- dry fern roots;
- natural leavening agents.
- Since terrestrial orchid species need intensive nutrition, the following soil is suitable for them:
- pine bark;
- deciduous humus;
- crushed coal.
To improve the composition of the soil, if necessary, add cork material in the form of plates, turf soil and sphagnum moss.
Is it possible to move a flower to regular soil?
An orchid is still an exotic flower, so you should not use ordinary soil for transplanting. The roots of the plant need to receive oxygen and light in order not to disrupt the process of photosynthesis. That is why the soil must be light and breathable. Ordinary soil is heavy and it will put pressure on the root system, water will stagnate and, as a result, the orchid will not be able to grow and bloom fully.
Orchid soil is sold at a regular gardening store.... When purchasing a product, be sure to pay attention to:
- The purpose of the substrate and what colors it is suitable for.
- Soil composition (components, nutrients) and acidity.
- Instructions for use.
Do not forget that even in a specialized and proven store you can buy low-quality goods. Therefore, it is necessary to select the soil carefully so that the flower does not die.
Experienced gardeners recommend sifting the finished soilto remove excess peat and earth dust.
To avoid buying low-quality soil, you can make it yourself at home. What is required for this?
- Pine bark is the main component, which is not difficult to find, you just need to look into the pine forest. The bark should be crushed to 2-3 cm.
- Charcoal or ash are also not hard to find.
- Sphagnum moss - gathers in the forest, in the lowlands, after the snow melts. Moss is added to the mixture dry or fresh. And it has bactericidal properties.
- Dry fern roots, which contain a large amount of nutrients.
- Expanded clay - it is used for drainage. It is lightweight and low cost.
Preparing a mixture for transplanting an orchid on your own has many advantages.:
- it is easy to cook;
- quality guaranteed;
- low cost;
- selection of components for a certain type of flower.
For reference! Sometimes additional components are added to the prepared soil. For example, walnut shells, pieces of styrofoam, humus, and others.
The process of transplanting an orchid is a task that does not require a lot of time and effort. The only thing to consider is the choice of soil, the further development and flowering of the plant will depend on it.
A detailed overview of different soils and tips on which one is better to choose for transplanting orchids can be seen in this video: