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The plant transplant procedure is no less important than timely watering, care, proper lighting and temperature control.
Transplanting an orchid is a major stress on the plant. The bulky roots of the flower are greatly affected by this procedure. Growth stops, the orchid begins to ache. The transplant can be performed no more than once every three years. Only in case of critical need it can be performed unscheduled.
Life cycle in September, October and November
The autumn months are an important period in the life of an orchid. In September, the plant should be brought into the house, and an external examination should be carefully conducted for the presence of pests. Preparatory work for the winter consists in reducing fertilizing and lowering the temperature in the room.
Important! The temperature regime directly depends on the type of flower.
The preparation of some plant species for flowering begins in October. There are varieties on the market that in the middle of autumn go into a “dormant period” and shed all the greens. If this is not a consequence of illness and pest infestation, you should not worry.
At the end of autumn, feeding and watering the flower stops. In November, daylight hours should be increased due to additional lighting.
Can the plant be moved around this time of year?
Orchid refers to plants that respond positively to transplanting during the dormant period. For this species, these are all autumn months and April. A sleeping flower needs a new substrate for painless wintering. Before carrying out a transplant, it is necessary to study the possible options for its implementation and the nuances that may arise in this case.
You can transplant an orchid into a new container in different ways:
- Planting a plant on a block. The root system is attached, for example, to a brick with any convenient rope. Moss, which completely covers the roots and block, will help prevent the root system from drying out.
- Block transplantation under artificially created greenhouse conditions with a high level of humidity will bring the procedure closer to natural growing conditions.
- Flower transfer can be carried out without replacing the soil. Fresh substrate is added only around the edges of the pot. This is useful if only an increase in seeding capacity is required.
- In the conditions of an apartment, a classic transplant is considered more suitable. The roots inside the pot do not dry out quickly at normal indoor humidity levels.
How to choose a pot and soil?
Large pots are unacceptable for this species. The optimal ratio of height to width is 1/1. An extensive root system requires a free arrangement in a container.
Attention! The best option is a plastic transparent pot with frequently located drainage holes.
Not all growers like transparent pots. If the required capacity is not in harmony with the general interior, then it can be put in another larger pot. The voids are filled with any decorative material - pebbles, wood chips.
Experienced florists recommend opting for a special soildesigned for orchids. If there is no trust in purchased soil mixtures, then you can prepare it yourself. The optimal proportion is 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1:
- chopped pine bark;
- fern root;
- finely chopped walnut shell;
- expanded clay.
A lack of one of these ingredients can lead to unhealthy flower growth. Regardless of the soil chosen, before planting it should be spilled with boiling water or a weak solution of manganese.
Preparing for transplant
When transplanting, you must remember the basic rules:
- The presence of drainage holes in the tank for the timely outflow of moisture.
- Ensuring continuous air circulation inside the container.
- Removing the roots during transplantation should be painless.
- Maintaining the required temperature is an important aspect of flower health.
The quality of future transplantation work directly depends on the competently conducted preparation. You will need the following tools and materials:
- Pruner or good sharp scissors.
- Disinfectant for instrument processing.
- Charcoal for the treatment of cuts and wounds. It is allowed to use activated carbon, which can be purchased at a regular pharmacy.
- Pine bark and perlite.
- Transplant capacity. Be sure to carry out disinfecting procedures before starting work, for example, treat with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Important! A new pot is taken 2-3 cm larger than the previous one.
Step-by-step instructions for the procedure at home
The plant transplant process is carried out in a specific sequence. Care must be taken at this stage to avoid damaging the root system.
Removing from the pot
Before removing the flower, you need to knead the container to facilitate the process. You should pay attention to the root system, it is removed as carefully as possible. If the roots cannot be reached without damage, it is recommended to cut them off with scissors.
Pruning should only be done with a very sharp and sterile instrument.
Before transplanting into new soil, all remnants of the old should be removed. The roots are straightened and cleaned of the adhering substrate. This can be done with water. Flushing the root system with warm water will not only cleanse it, but also wash off all possible pests.
On a note. If harmful parasites are detected, the root system is treated with any fungicidal preparation.
Trimming roots, leaves
A careful examination of the root processes at this stage will help protect the orchid from future diseases and pests. All damaged areas of the root system are subject to pruning. These can be rotten or dried out parts. Cutting points are processed with charcoal or activated carbon. You can enhance the effect with the help of special antibacterial drugs.
At this stage, you should pay attention to the leaves, all yellowed or diseased ones are cut off. All lower leaves and empty bulbs are also subject to removal.
A solution of succinic acid will help the plant to painlessly transfer the transplant. It is prepared as follows: 1 tablet of the drug is diluted in a liter of warm boiled water. The root system is processed within 30-40 minutes. The drug: improves immunity, stimulates root growth, accelerates the healing of wounds and sections obtained during transplantation.
Be sure to dry the plant before moving it to a new pot. The flower is laid out on a newspaper and left for 8-10 hours in a dry and warm place.
Placement in a new container
A new, previously prepared transparent container is filled 1/3 with any drainage material. Prepared soil mixture is poured on top with a thin layer.
Attention! The presence of a drainage layer is a prerequisite for a healthy root system. Excessive moisture is extremely detrimental to orchid roots.
The dried flower is placed in the pot as carefully as possible. The earth is added gradually and evenly distributed among all roots.
To achieve soil compaction is possible simply by knocking on the walls of the pot.
Long root shoots can be left outside the pot. This method is used to obtain additional moisture.
Orchid transplant video:
It is not recommended to water the plant immediately after transplanting. The first moisturizing is carried out only after 6-7 days. Watering is best done through the roots. For this purpose, the pot is placed in a special tray with boiled warm water for 20-30 minutes. The procedure is repeated after 10-12 days.
Watering should be combined with spraying from a fine atomizer. To maintain the orchid, after 30 days it must be fed with special complex fertilizers.
Fertilizer must contain minerals, organics and nitrogen.
Will it bloom?
An arrow with a peduncle most often does not appear immediately. After transplanting, yellowing of the leaves and a painful appearance are observed. Orchid transplant, performed according to the rules, will allow you to achieve flowering in 20-30 days.
Attention! If a plant was transplanted that has not bloomed for a long time, then a stressful situation will provoke the formation of new peduncles.
Possible problems and difficulties
It is very easy to harm an orchid during transplantation; a mistake made by negligence can lead not only to a flower's disease, but also to its subsequent death. Inexperienced growers most often do not follow these rules:
- For planting orchids, it is recommended to use transparent plastic containers.
- Only a special substrate is suitable for a flower. You cannot use a universal primer.
- Follow the transplant instructions step by step.
- Compliance with the transplant time is the key to the health of the flower.
The plant does not grow in the transport substrate. This is the reason for the recommendation after purchasing an orchid to urgently transplant it. Correctly carried out work will eliminate problems in the future.
Not only a timely and competent transplant will help to grow a beautiful flower, but also the subsequent care of the plant. Compliance with all the rules will turn a complex transplant event into an interesting process. As a gratitude, the orchid will delight its owner with lush flowering and will be an excellent decoration for any interior.