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Orchid is a tropical flower that requires special attention when grown at home. Most often, difficulties arise when transplanting an orchid, since it requires a special pot and soil.
In addition, the flower itself is difficult to tolerate a transplant, so you need to be extremely careful during the procedure. How to prepare for a transplant - read on.
Stages of preparation for this procedure at home
Transplanting an adult orchid is required when its roots fill the entire space of the pot. The procedure is carried out after flowering is completed so that the plant experiences a minimum of stress.
A newly purchased orchid is transplanted immediately so that it quickly acclimatizes in a new place.
You need to carefully prepare for the transplant. This will reduce stress on the plant and avoid negative consequences. First of all, the necessary materials and tools are prepared. Then they move on to preparing the flower itself:
- The orchid is carefully removed from the old pot. You can slightly wrinkle the container or hit the bottom. This is necessary for the roots and substrate to separate from the walls of the pot. If this does not help, the pot is carefully cut, being careful not to damage the roots of the plant.
- The roots are cleaned of old soil. If there are damaged areas, they are carefully removed with scissors, and the cuts are sprinkled with crushed coal.
- Next, the roots are washed with warm water and left to dry for 6 hours.
After that, the prepared orchid is transferred to a new pot.
Video on how to properly transplant an orchid:
What should you cook?
Prepare the substrate and a new orchid pot in advance so that everything you need is at hand.
First of all, a new, larger pot is prepared, as well as a sharp garden knife or pruner for trimming damaged roots.
The cutting tool must be disinfected so as not to accidentally introduce pathogenic microorganisms into the wound.
You will also need:
- Crushed charcoal or activated carbon (for processing sections).
- Sticks made of bamboo or pine chips for fixing the peduncle.
- Insecticide solution. They, if necessary, process the roots if pests are found on them.
Of the materials, only raw materials are needed for the preparation of the substrate and drainage. Expanded clay or fine crushed stone is usually used as a drainage layer. It must be calcined in the oven to destroy the spores of fungi or other pathogenic microorganisms.
Orchid substrate is different from regular potting soil. In nature, this flower grows on tree branches, so it does not need soil. A mixture of:
- tree bark;
- and sphagnum moss.
They take pine bark, and it is better to buy it in the store, and not collect it yourself, so as not to accidentally infect the orchid with pests. Recently, pine bark has been popular. It is much better than pine, it decomposes more slowly and does not contain resin.
What natural materials can be replaced with artificial ones?
For successful growth, an orchid requires precisely natural materials. This primarily concerns the substrate. Only materials for drainage can be artificial. The usual river stones, sand or crushed stone can be replaced with expanded clay or expanded polystyrene balls.
Selection of soil and pot
Choosing the right soil and pot is key to a successful orchid transplant and the continued development of the flower.
What kind of bark, moss or other substrate to use?
Most growers prefer to buy a ready-made orchid substrate. But even in this case, you need to carefully study the composition so that transplanting into new soil will only benefit the flower. Attention is paid to the following components:
- Tree bark: it is best to choose a substrate based on pine, pine or larch bark. Some manufacturers include birch or oak bark in the composition. But it is undesirable to use such a substrate, since the tannins contained in oak and birch can negatively affect the state of the flower.
- Sphagnum moss: another must-have for the substrate. Moss absorbs excess moisture and prevents it from stagnating at the roots. At the same time, it acidifies the soil. The most valuable is the New Zealand moss. It retains its properties and structure even when dried.
- Peat: makes the substrate looser and more moisture-permeable. You should choose a substrate with high-moor peat. It does not weigh down the soil and does not accumulate at the bottom of the pot.
You can also choose a substrate that includes fern roots. They allow air and moisture to pass through well, and in the process of decomposition they saturate the orchid with nutrients.
In which pot is it better to transplant a flower?
Pot selection also plays an important role. The new container should be 3-5 cm larger than the previous one. Drainage holes must be provided at the bottom to drain moisture.
It is better to choose a pot made of glass or transparent plastic. Such material allows you to control the condition of the roots and adjust the irrigation schedule.
Recently, ceramic pots with drainage holes in the bottom and walls have also appeared on the market. They are also suitable for growing an orchid, but when transplanting, the roots will stick to the rough inner surface, and you will have to split the containers to extract the flower.
From the video you will find out which pot to choose for an orchid:
Orchid transplant is the most crucial stage in flower care. It is extremely important to properly prepare the plant for moving to a new pot and choose the right substrate for the culture. Experienced flower growers recommend planting orchids in transparent plastic containers, and buying the substrate ready-made in the store. This will make the transplant easier and will help you grow a beautiful and healthy flower.