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An orchid is just a florist's dream, this wonderful plant will delight you with its beauty, but with proper care. An exotic plant requires close attention and special care. The leaves of this wonderful exotic plant deserve special attention; they play a significant role in the life cycle of the plant.
If you are a florist and want to have an orchid at home, then you just need to know everything about the leaves of this plant, it is important to properly care for them, otherwise the plant may die. The leaves also show the general health of the orchid, from which you can easily understand if everything is in order and if there are any infectious diseases.
Plant life cycle
The life cycle of an orchid consists of two phases - growth and dormancy.... The duration of these phases depends on:
- from the orchid variety;
- on the living conditions;
- from the selected care.
The better the care, the better the orchid will develop and grow.
After the full development of a new shoot, the plant goes into dormancy, here it has growth buds, in some cases even flower buds may appear. After the complete completion of this process, the plant enters the growth phase again.
The life cycle of a plant directly depends on the state of the leaves, since they play an important role in metabolism.
The water-salt balance depends on them, they also help to evaporate moisture and get nutrients and minerals from the soil. In addition, photosynthesis and plant respiration could not be possible without leaves.
What is the color of the leaves of different plant varieties?
The most common orchid leaf color is light green., but there are also different shades of green. There are several varieties that have bright leaf tints, but they are not found in our latitudes.
There are also varieties that have colored blotches. Usually, orchids of these varieties have leaves with a slightly dotted white-yellow strip on a light green background. In addition, most orchid varieties have shiny leaves.
Further in the photo you can see what the foliage of the plant looks like:
What color is not normal?
The color of the leaves of orchids is green, the shade depends on the variety and habitat of the plant, but green is always a healthy color.
- Yellowing indicates that the plant is withering or drying out, this may be from improper care. Also, too much fertilizer can cause yellowing of the leaves.
- Purple spots indicate that the orchid has undergone prolonged exposure to the sun and received a sunburn.
- A red tint indicates excessive lighting in the room.
- A brown color is a sure sign that a plant is infected with a disease.
- White or discolored areas with a brown outline indicate sunburn.
- Light areas, which then begin to turn red, may indicate the presence of a disease such as rust.
- Yellow rings and spots can indicate the presence of a viral disease.
Are they simple or complex?
The orchid has a simple leaf structure. Basically, the sheets are solid, the sheet plate is simple, the venation has an arc shape.
What is the location of the leaf?
The leaf arrangement in orchids is different, it depends on the variety and habitat, but most often there is a two-row or regular leaf arrangement. Sometimes a change in leaf arrangement may indicate a plant disease..
The structure of the sheets and their location on the sunny side may differ from the location on the shady side.
Leaves growing on the sunny side are more elastic and dense, this is due to the fact that they need to withstand direct sunlight.
How much greenery should a flower have?
The number of leaves depends on the type of plant; there are varieties that have a huge number of leaves. And there are varieties that have 2-3 leaves in a lifetime.
- Wipe the leaves regularly with a damp cloth.
- Normal air humidity for an orchid is 60-70%, but in an apartment it is much lower, so you need to spray the plant 3-4 times a week, this is especially important if you have an air conditioner constantly running at home, it dries the air very much.
- Water the orchid in summer once a week, and in winter once a month. The water should be clean with a temperature of 35 degrees.
- The plant should be on the shady side of the room. But she still needs light, the orchid will need a 40 W lamp, but it must be installed so that the leaves and inflorescences get enough light.
- Examine the plant for insects or color spots.
- At the time of airing the room, it is necessary to transfer the plant to another room, since the plant does not like sudden changes in temperature.
- The orchid also needs mineral fertilizers that contain phosphorus, nitrogen and iron.
Many diseases lead to a complete or partial change in the color of the leaves, at first they can acquire a reddish color, and then completely turn black. This indicates the presence of rot. To get rid of this ailment, you must carefully remove the affected areas.
If you notice clear brown spots on the leaves of your plant, it could be Anthracnose. This disease can appear due to high humidity, areas with stains must be removed, and the sections must be treated with charcoal.
Small, fuzzy white spots may indicate a condition such as Powdery Mildew. If this disease is not treated, the plant may die. High humidity and hot temperatures can be the cause of this disease. A drug such as Skor or Topsin can treat this disease.
Orchid is an exotic plant that requires special care. By its leaves, you can understand the general condition, if they are dense and pale green in color, then the plant is healthy. And if they change color or spots appear on them, then this indicates the presence of a disease.