Can an orchid be planted in regular soil? Basic nuances

Can an orchid be planted in regular soil? Basic nuances

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Amateurs and even experienced flower growers are often faced with the question: is it possible to grow an orchid in ordinary soil? It would seem that the fact that the orchid does not live in the ground is generally accepted. But do not forget that there are many types of this plant, and each of them has its own characteristics. More details about the features of growing orchids in the ground and what kind of soil is necessary for the fruitful development of a plant is described in this article.

Can these plants be grown in plain soil?

Orchid types can be roughly divided into three main groups:

  1. Lithophytes - the rarest variety. Such flowers are accustomed to growing on bare stones due to the fact that they need constant air circulation.
  2. Epiphytes grow on trees, and the substances necessary for life are obtained from the air or rainwater.
  3. Land orchids usually grow in temperate zones. The roots of these plants are underground - this is how they differ from the first two species.

    This type includes varieties:

    • Bletilla striata;
    • Pleione;
    • Orchis;
    • Cypripedium.

The land is familiar to the species of wild orchids:

  • Limodorum;
  • Orchis;
  • Ophris;
  • Lyubka;
  • Pollen head;
  • Anacampis;
  • Finger-root;
  • Lady's slipper.

They grow in:

  • Belarus;
  • Ukraine;
  • Russia.

It is possible to plant the above species in the garden, because they grow well in winter.

Thus, before planting an orchid in the ground, you need to find out which group it belongs to. If your plant belongs to lithophytes, then it will feel great in the soil.

Why won't most flowers grow in this kind of soil?

Most orchid varieties cannot live in the ground. For example, the earth will quickly kill representatives of epiphytes and lithophytes, because they need constant contact with air. Being in the ground, they will not be able to feed on nutrients.

Epiphytic orchids are planted in the substrate. Their roots cannot be placed even under a thin layer of earth, because they perform the most important functions for it - they help it to adhere to an upright position, provide constant photosynthesis and, in general, ensure the vital activity of the plant.

The consequences of planting some species in black soil

Many species, once in the ground, will not live long. Consider the reactions of the most common:

  • Wanda - a plant that requires constant contact with air so much that it feels best in a pot without a substrate with bare roots. Being in the ground, such a species will quickly lose its foliage and then die.
  • Ascocenda just like the previous species, it is necessary to grow in pots with a minimum amount of substrate. Having planted it in the ground, you will see how the leaves will soon turn yellow and fall off. Ascocenda's roots begin to rot underground.
  • Phalaenopsis - This is the most common type of home orchid. Such a plant needs to constantly feed on air, so even if you lightly cover it with earth, you will see how it will soon die from lack of nutrients and air.

    Nevertheless, you can often see such a flower growing in a pot of soil, because it is adapted to stay in uncomfortable conditions for a long time. But, unfortunately, the orchid will soon shed its leaves, and its roots will rot. Blooming Phalaenopsis can often be seen, but this is only a defensive reaction and an alarming signal that he is not feeling well.

How to understand what kind of culture belongs to?

Given the huge number of orchid varieties, how can you determine which species yours belongs to?

  • If the flower was purchased in a store, then there will be no problems - the name and type of the flower will be indicated on the label.
  • If you received it in a different way and there are no explanations, then you will need to resort to the help of encyclopedic materials or Internet resources. Having studied in detail the external features, you can recognize which species it belongs to.

Do I need to add simple soil to a special substrate?

Depending on the type of orchid, you need to choose the right soil. The selection of soil is a responsible occupation, because the health and life of flowers will depend on its composition. Orchids love loose substrates that allow air to pass through well. Due to the existence of a large number of useful soil compositions, it is possible to satisfy the whims of even the most capricious plant.

What kind of soil to choose?

If the plant is not intended to live in the ground, then the soil should contain:

  • charcoal;
  • pine bark moss;
  • peat;
  • perlite;
  • Styrofoam;
  • coarse sand.

You can also add leafy soil, but don't add too much of it - the orchid may not like it.

Thus, three soil components can be distinguished:

  1. Ground base (leaf, coniferous or peat).
  2. Loosening elements (bark, moss, polystyrene, coal, etc.).
  3. Organic fertilizers.

Having planted a flower in the ground, you need to carefully observe its reactions, perhaps the amount of some ingredient should be less, and the other more.

Video on which soil should be chosen for successful orchid cultivation:

Summing up, we can safely say that some of the varieties of orchids will feel great in the ground. The main thing is that the owner can ensure the well-being and health of his plant. To do this, it is necessary to study all the features of a particular species and take them into account in the growing process.

Watch the video: How to grow soil orchids by Orchid nursing home (May 2022).


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