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Such a popular flower among lovers as the orchid has been cultivated for many years.
During this time, many boles have been bred, which have a beautiful flowering and a pleasant smell. One of such boles is the Phalaenopsis Liodoro orchid.
You will find a description of the orchid, its distinctive features and all the subtleties and nuances of the care and cultivation of this exotic beauty in the article that we have prepared for you.
Orchid Liodoro was bred in America by breeder Rex Smith in 1892... This year, Orchid Universal applied for a new species registration. Phalaenopsis Liodoro was obtained by crossing two other types of orchids: Deventeriana and Violacia.
Reference! The two species that gave rise to the new stem of the Liodoro orchid are found naturally in the tropical forests of Malaysia. Violation can still be found in China and northern Australia.
Description of appearance and photo
Liodoro Orchid belongs to medium hybrids, its dimensions do not exceed 70 cm, including the peduncle.
The leaves are bright green, smooth, slightly wavy at the edges, reach 25 cm in length, up to 12 cm in width. They are located on both sides of the stem. Orchid leaves are very fragile and delicate.
The stalk of the peduncle is of medium size, but since it continues to grow during flowering, it can reach a length of 50 cm.
The flowers are unusual, star-shaped, bright pink, purple or yellowish, with small blotches of red. They are quite large, up to 7 cm in diameter. They form a lot of flowers, and they delight the eye with abundant flowering for a long time.
The Liodoro orchid is one of the most beautiful species.
The photo shows what an orchid looks like.
Phalaenopsis Liodoro has several distinctive features:
- Long bloom... With good care and adherence to all its subtleties, it can bloom up to 2 years.
- The variety is revolving... This means that as soon as one peduncle fades, another comes to replace it. There is no rest period.
- Pleasant aroma... Liodoro is distinguished from other species by the smell of lily of the valley with hints of lime.
Attention! This type of orchid is one of the most demanding plants to care for. Only after receiving proper care, it will grow well and delight you with flowering.
When does it bloom?
An orchid can bloom at any time of the year if it is well cared for. Adequate nutrition is the first condition for flowering... The flower can delight you with beautiful buds for a very long time, up to two years. The orchid should be in one place during flowering. You do not need to rearrange it, this can threaten the buds falling off.
If a flower forms one peduncle instead of two, or only one flower blooms on the peduncles, then something needs to be changed in caring for it.
Caring for a flower before it blooms includes all the main points of cultivation.:
- maintaining optimal temperature;
- providing sufficient light and air;
- timely feeding;
- correct watering.
At the end of flowering, do not leave the orchid unattended. Green peduncles are not cut off, but dried ones need to be cut off and sprinkled with coal dust or cinnamon.
The plant needs to be given the opportunity to take a break from flowering. and regain your strength. Continuous flowering weakens it greatly.
What if it doesn't tie buds?
If phalaenopsis has been growing in your home for a long time, but does not bloom, there may be several reasons for this:
- Perhaps the plant is still young. If the orchid is less than a year and a half, there is no need to wait for flowers yet. She needs to get stronger herself, and then spend energy on flowering.
- A small amount of light can be the reason for the lack of colors. Unlike other plants, the orchid must also have light on the roots of the plant, so the pot must be transparent.
- The flower is quite demanding on temperature. For flowering, it needs warmth: + 26-30 ° С during the day, + 19-23 ° С at night.
Step-by-step instructions for growing at home
Orchid is a thermophilic plant. But too bright sun rays can dry out the leaves, so the best place for her is the west or east side of the house... If this is not possible, you have to put the flower in another place:
- If it is on the south side, shade from bright sunlight is necessary.
- If north - additional lighting.
Important! Backlighting with an ordinary lamp can harm the plant. It is better to use special phytolamps.
An orchid needs enough fresh air... But don't put it in a draft! On the street, even on the balcony, this flower is also undesirable to take out. It is better to ventilate the room where the flower is more often.
Preparing the soil and pot
An orchid is demanding not only on the soil, but also on the pot in which it will grow. It must be smooth and always transparent so that the roots also receive light.
Orchid soil can be purchased at a flower shop, but you can also prepare it yourself. The soil must be permeable to water and air... For this, the following components are taken in identical parts:
- clean river sand;
- sphagnum moss;
- the bark of coniferous trees - pine or spruce.
Be sure to drain below... If you are planting a plant for the first time, you can take a small flowerpot, 10-12 cm in diameter. The plant can grow in ceramic pots, but still prefers transparent containers.
Normal for the development and growth of the Liodoro orchid is considered to be the daytime temperature - + 22-25 ° С, night - within + 18-22 ° С. Sharp changes in both one and the other direction can be detrimental to the flower. In winter, the daytime temperature can be reduced to 20-24 ° C.
reference... The orchid is a resident of the tropics, so the difference between night and day temperatures should not be too great, no more than 5 degrees.
Dry air is unacceptable for an orchid. Its roots and leaves dry out and need a humid atmosphere close to tropical air.
Therefore, especially in hot weather, it needs to be sprayed... You can put a container filled with water or wet expanded clay next to the plant.
High humidity contributes to the appearance of a mealybug or fungal infection. To prevent this from happening, the room must be regularly ventilated.
An orchid needs a lot of light for normal growth and development. She should receive it 10-12 hours a day. To achieve this, for example, in winter, the flower needs to be illuminated with artificial lamps. The light should not be too bright and burn the plant... You do not need to put it on a sunny place.
Phalaenopsis Liodoro does not tolerate both dry and too wet soil. Excessive watering will lead to decay of the root system, therefore, after watering, the plant must be dried.
Water the orchid with soft, settled water in the afternoon. You can use melt water or rainwater.
There are two ways to water:
- immersion in water for ten minutes;
- washing under the shower.
In the first way, you can not only water, but also feed the plant, if you dissolve the necessary nutrients in water.
The most essential elements for an orchid are:
It is best to purchase a ready-made fertilizer at a flower shop. Fertilizer is applied during watering, diluting with water.
Phalaenopsis is not disturbed during flowering, but during growth and development, feeding is just necessary.
Experienced flower growers recommend halving the fertilizer dose indicated in the instructions. This is done so as not to burn the roots of the plant.
Transplanting a flower too often is not worth it.... After purchase, it can grow for two years in one container. It is necessary to transplant into another pot when the plant does not have enough space or diseases and pests have appeared. They change not only the pot, but also the soil.
For a transplant you need:
- take a pot larger than the previous one, preferably transparent, with holes for drainage;
- carefully pull out the orchid without damaging the roots;
- put it in a new flowerpot, slightly tilted;
- empty places are covered with new soil.
Attention! When transplanting, the root system is examined, removing diseased and damaged areas. Sprinkle the slices with cinnamon or crushed charcoal.
How to propagate?
The Liodoro orchid is propagated by the branch of the baby... This is a young shoot that appears on the peduncle of a plant from a dormant bud or simply from the stem. When the child grows roots and leaves (at least three), it can be planted in a separate pot, in a mixture of sphagnum bark and moss.
When the plant is accepted, it can be transplanted into another container, into the prepared soil mixture.
Diseases and pests
The main cause of orchid diseases is improper care.... Insufficient watering, waterlogging, drafts, solid soil, poor nutrition are the main problems leading to diseases, especially fungal diseases.
Common diseases of the Liodoro orchid:
- Fusarium... It is characterized by the appearance of yellow leaves, rot on the stem and petioles. A sick flower needs to be burned, and nearby plants should be treated with an insecticide.
- Anthracnose... Black spots appear on orchid leaves. Treatment:
- cut off diseased leaves;
- and treat the plant with a solution of copper (Bordeaux liquid, copper sulfate).
- Gray mold... Mold spots appear on the flower petals; with the development of the disease, the plant can be completely covered with them. At the beginning of the disease, you need to cut off the affected peduncles, treat the flower itself with fungicides:
- Bordeaux mixture;
- Powdery mildew... The manifestation of the disease - a white bloom is covered on the leaves. The disease progresses rapidly, the plant can die in a week. Orchids are treated with a colloidal sulfur solution.
- Black rot... Harmful insects can spread the disease:
Rot develops with high humidity and excess fertilizer.
- Late blight... Dark spots appear on the plant, which spread quickly. The infected parts must be removed, and the orchid itself must be treated with a fungicidal preparation.
- Viral diseases... They are usually carried by pests. Unfortunately, plants almost always have to be destroyed, since the virus cannot be cured. Signs of viral diseases:
- stripes on the leaves, first yellow, then black;
- spots on flower petals in the form of rings;
- colored stripes on flowers.
Orchid pests are insects:
- spider mite;
If pests are found on a flower, wash it with a shower and treat it with a chemical. For this purpose insecticides can be used:
After processing, it is advisable to cover the flower on top with a bag for a day so that the insects die.
Prevention of various problems
Prevention of the appearance of problems is the correct and competent care of the plant. Orchid is a demanding and even capricious flower... In order for it to be healthy, grow and bloom, you need to make a lot of effort.
The Liodoro Orchid with its wonderful scent and star flowers will decorate any home. With proper care, it will delight you with its flowering for a long time.