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Geranium is a very common house plant, which is valued not only for its beautiful appearance: bright and lush inflorescences, velvety rich green leaves, but also for its unpretentious care. However, sometimes the leaves, tart to the smell, begin to turn yellow, dry and fall off.
Some novice flower growers do not know what to do in such a situation. Although in many cases it is enough just to reconsider the care of the plant.
Why does the flower dry up at home?
Today, a wide variety of geraniums are known, which serve as decoration for both flower beds or alpine hills, and apartment design. An indoor flower can accompany its owner all year round: in the spring to a summer cottage, and in the fall, return home with him. The plant thrives both outdoors and in a flower pot.
Leaves turn yellow
Although geranium is considered to be a picky flower, like any living organism, the plant still needs care. As it develops and grows, the leaves can turn yellow and fall off (why do geraniums fall off leaves and flowers, greens turn black, shrinks or does not grow, what to do, read here). But if young leaves begin to dry, therefore there are reasons for that:
- Poor quality soil. The most favorable for geraniums will be the soil, which contains sand, peat, humus. The flower tolerates feeding with complex fertilizer well, which contains nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus. However, the leaves may turn yellow from an excess of nitrogen. Also, when planting, the plant must be provided with good drainage to protect the root from waterlogging.
- Violation of the light regime. Direct sunlight causes dryness and loss of leaves. But geranium prefers sufficiently illuminated places, so in winter, when the leaves dry out, additional lighting can be installed.
- Overdried room air during the heating season. The flower pot should be placed in places far from radiators and heating appliances.
- The lower leaves of the plant may turn yellow after transplanting., but this is not a sign of illness. The yellowed leaves are removed, and the flower will continue to grow.
If you follow the simple care of the culture, it develops quite quickly and is gaining growth.
Geranium can reach a height of 60 cm, in some cases up to 1 m.
Leaves dry around the edges or in a circle
To accurately determine why the greens turn yellow, you need to carefully examine the geranium bushes. If the leaves dry in a circle, the main reasons may be as follows:
- Untimely and insufficient watering primarily affects the state of the leaves. Thanks to water, mineral and organic compounds are dissolved and delivered to the cells of flowers, ensuring their vital activity. Therefore, irrigation should be regular, but not excessive. Water stagnant at the roots can destroy the plant in a short time. And poor watering will lead to the appearance of a dry yellowish-brown border on the leaves.
- Lack of optimal temperature conditions. Suitable ambient temperature for favorable growth of geraniums is + 18-20 degrees. Sharp deviations in the direction of increasing or decreasing this indicator will immediately affect the state of the foliage: first, a dry border of a reddish hue appears, then it acquires a light yellow hue, which spreads further to the entire leaf plate.
- Cramped capacity. The small container does not allow the geranium root to develop to its full extent. The plant weakens and withers, as it is deficient in nutrients. The leaves turn yellow first from the edges, then completely. Gradually dry up, only a bare trunk remains. A pot that is too large is also not suitable. An increased growth of the root system occurs, and this leads to a delay in budding.
It is necessary to find out the cause of the disease of the home plant, from which the leaves dry out in a circle or around the edges, and choose the right methods of treatment (for more information about diseases and pests of hernai, read here).
Indoor geranium is a very unpretentious culture. It can withstand conditions in which other plants die slowly.
However, it is not always possible to achieve lush flowering from geraniums. For some, even inexperienced flower growers, it pleases with an abundant and long-lasting color, while for other owners the plant does not bloom at all. Peduncles wither and dry up, never blooming.
Dry buds can be caused by many maintenance mistakes:
- Insufficient amount of trace elements in the soil, especially phosphorus. Boron deficiency also dries the buds.
You should know that overfeeding is just as harmful as fasting.
- Frequent heavy or insufficient watering can cause problems with the root system, as a result of which the buds die off.
- Poor lighting: the plant produces buds, but without blooming, they dry out. The same happens when direct sunlight hits the flower.
- Hot and dry indoor microclimate. Geranium, of course, can withstand high temperatures, but the buds that appear lose their ability to bloom.
- With a sharp change in conditions: temperature, light, humidity, as well as during transplantation, the plant experiences a state of stress. In this case, before blooming, he needs to adapt to the new environment.
- Diseases and pests. A weakened culture cannot bloom fully. For example, the budworm caterpillar makes small holes in the unopened geranium buds and eats them from the inside. Then, when they bloom, the petals look like riddled holes.
- Feature of the variety.
Some varieties of geraniums only bloom for 2-3 years. They first build up a lush green mass, and then they begin to bloom.
What if this happens?
Firstly you need to pay attention to the type and nature of the external manifestations of the disease:
- If the leaves have started to turn yellow, you can probably fix the problem by watering the soil thoroughly.
- But brown spots indicate that the watering was excessive (what to do if geraniums have spots on the leaves, find out here).
- If the affected area looks like a dent or blister, it is possible that the plant has been attacked by pests.
- When the leaves turn yellow and curl, the reasons may be different:
- low temperature;
- improper irrigation;
- too dry air.
You should critically assess the situation and provide the plant with first aid:
- if dry, water;
- if it is hot, take it to the shade and observe it for a while.
Then the cause of the damage will definitely be clarified. So that geraniums delight with their fresh and blooming appearance, you must comply with the conditions of its detention:
- Maintain the optimal temperature regime - + 18-20 degrees.
- Provide adequate light and moisture. In excessively moist soil, an unpleasant blackleg disease can develop.
- Sometimes transplant into fresh soil. It is better to do this in spring, since in the spring and until the end of summer there is an active vegetation of the plant, therefore it will be easier for it to adapt to new conditions.
- Feed periodically with any complex fertilizer for flowering indoor plants.
Geranium leaves are very sensitive to water ingress, which has a detrimental effect on them. Hence, the flowers do not need to be sprayed.
We suggest that you read articles on what to do if the leaves of a room geranium turn white, and why this happens, and how to help a geranium whose leaves turn red.
How to save a completely dried plant?
There are times when the geranium is completely dry. But even in this situation, you can save the plant if you make some effort:
- Examine the flower carefully. In a dried bush, some of the tops may remain alive. They need to be cut off and placed in water. Geranium grows roots very well. After that, you can plant stepchildren with roots on a flower bed in the garden or in a pot.
- If the trunk is alive, the plant should be placed in any cool place for the winter. With the arrival of spring, the stem can give off shoots.
- If the trunk is dry, cut it off and put the root in water for a few days. When new roots appear, plant it in the ground.
To create favorable conditions for the growth of geraniums, to avoid drying out and diseases it is necessary to perform preventive procedures:
- transplant plants in suitable pots in a timely manner;
- observe moderation in watering;
- keep geraniums protected from drafts;
- regularly apply organic and mineral fertilizers (during flowering - 2 times a month);
- periodically inspect the plant: remove yellow leaves in a timely manner, diagnose and eliminate pests.
Yellowed leaves on geraniums are a wake-up call for a grower. If you timely understand the reasons for such a malaise of the plant and eliminate them, the geranium will not suffer at all and will soon begin to delight again with its bright buds.
From the video you will learn why geranium leaves dry: