Why did all the leaves, flowers fall off the orchid and the roots disappear? What to do, how to save the plant?

Why did all the leaves, flowers fall off the orchid and the roots disappear? What to do, how to save the plant?

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Orchids are one of the most beautiful houseplants that all housewives love, because this flower is not at all like other house flowers.

With proper care, they will delight you with their beautiful flowering for a long time. But sometimes their leaves can fall off. The article discusses in detail all the reasons for this, which will allow you to avoid such mistakes.

The importance of greenery in a flower

For epiphytic plants, to which the orchid belongs, leaves play one of the primary roles. With their help, the flower maintains water balance and receives nutrients, and the leaves participate in photosynthesis.

What is its fall, what precedes it?

Falling leaves is the process of a plant shedding leaves, which can be both natural and caused by external factors.

Note: most often, before the leaves fall, you can see that they have turned yellow or darkened in the base area. If you notice this in your orchid, do not ignore this symptom.

It is very important to see the problems at an early stage when the situation can still be changed. In order to prevent this, it is better to periodically inspect the leaves. They should not be rough (healthy orchid leaves perfectly smooth). The roughness of the leaves means that destructive processes have already begun and action must be taken immediately, otherwise the plant will die.

Natural process and disease

If the lower leaves of the orchid turn slightly yellow, then do not panic. A single abscission is just a physiological natural process that everything organic goes through. Such natural abscission does not bear any consequences and is absolutely safe for the flower.

After dropping the old ones, new ones will grow. Unnatural abscission, as a rule, is massive and occurs due to the influence of external factors. Such a fall is already dangerous for the life of the orchid. In this case, you need to immediately determine the cause and eradicate it.

Why is there an unnatural fall?

  • Lack of moisture. If the lower leaves suffer, and the rest of the leaves turn yellow at the base, then the reason is a lack of moisture. Drying up the land prevents the flow of water and nutrients into the plant.
  • Improper watering. Classic plant watering is not suitable for orchids. The water quickly passes through the loose soil in which the orchid grows and sinks to the bottom. Due to improper watering, a lack of water is formed and the orchid takes moisture from the most mature leaves, which leads to their death.

    For proper watering of this flower, you must completely immerse the pot in water and leave it there for a while.

  • Frequent watering. Watering your orchid frequently will result in excess moisture. As a result, the roots will begin to rot, and the leaves will turn yellow. Take a closer look at your plant. If you see wet spots that form on the leaves before the color change, then you are overflowing the plant.
  • Functional chlorosis. With this disease, the oldest leaves at the base first turn yellow, later it goes on to others. It develops if you use too hard water for irrigation. Thus, the soil becomes salted and no longer absorbs iron.
  • Lack of light. Orchid leaves turn pale: first they turn green, then yellow, while unnaturally stretching out, as if striving for the sun. In this case, you just need to put the flower in a sunnier place.
  • Sunburns. Yellow spots form on the leaves, which can grow and join. With a large lesion surface, the orchid dies. If you notice this on your flower, remove it from direct sunlight.
  • Lack of potassium. At the same time, the lower leaves of the orchid begin to turn yellow first, because the orchid will begin to take potassium fertilizers from them. For the health of the plant, you need to periodically apply potash fertilizers.
  • Excess calcium. If you notice that the edges of the leaves have turned yellow, then limit the flow of calcium into the flower.
  • Fusarium rot. External manifestations: yellowing of all leaves and curling around the edges. This disease develops with a constant excess of water. If this is not eliminated, the plant will begin to rot and die.
  • Bacterial spotting. Leaf tissues turn yellow, then darken and soften. Ulcers are observed, from which water is released.
  • Root mites. The orchid reacts by yellowing the leaves on them, and the roots are also damaged.
  • Whitefly. It leaves a sugary discharge that is bad for the plant. The leaves first turn yellow and then die off.
  • Stress. Orchid leaves fall off under stress. This can be caused by an abrupt change in its location, lighting, etc.
  • Cramped pot. The leaves turn yellow as the roots are compressed and the supply of nutrients is disrupted.

What parts of the plant are still affected?

When the leaves fall, the whole plant is threatened. Its health is directly related to the process of photosynthesis, which occurs with the help of the leaves, so do not let them fall and watch your health.

Possible consequences

If you do not find the cause of the falling leaves in time and do not eliminate it, then the plant will die. In this case, you can only either reanimate the leftovers, or throw them away.

Only the leaves fall off

If only the leaves have fallen off, then it is necessary:

  1. Determine the cause.
  2. Change the care of the plant to a more correct one, if necessary, change its location.
  3. Eliminate the cause, in the future, properly water and care.

Flowers also fall off, but the roots are still alive

If not only the leaves, but also the flowers have fallen, then you need:

  1. Find the reason.
  2. Check if the flower is near a battery or a draft.
  3. Eliminate the cause.

Roots also disappear

Roots that have already rotted should be removed, the plant should be transplanted into another soil. Reanimate the plant while the roots are still alive:

  1. Leave the remaining roots in warm water for 10 minutes.
  2. Remove the roots from the water and wait until they are completely dry naturally.
  3. Remove rotten areas.
  4. Treat the cuts with ground cinnamon.
  5. Place the flower in a greenhouse. Line the bottom of the pot with moss and expanded clay, plant the orchid on top.
  6. Maintain the temperature no higher than 33 degrees Celsius.

Leaves turn yellow first

Leaves may turn yellow before falling off.

  1. Identify the reason why the leaves turn yellow.
  2. Review the watering regime.
  3. Use soft water for irrigation.
  4. Transplant.
  5. Take care in the future, using all the new knowledge.

What if the plant has lost all its greenery?

  1. Cut out any rotten areas so that the process does not go any further.
  2. Sprinkle the slices with ground cinnamon.
  3. Place the plant in a fungicide solution.
  4. Leave the orchid in a well-lit, dry and warm place, leave for a week, occasionally examining. Cut out rotten areas.
  5. Plant the plant in good soil and take care of it properly in the future.

Prevention: how should home care be?

If you managed to identify the cause and save the plant, then follow the prevention:

  • Only proper watering.
  • Once a month, treatment with solution of copper sulfate.
  • Fresh air intake.

Orchid is a capricious plant. Follow all the rules of care and do not ignore the symptoms of the disease. Only then will she always be healthy and delight you with her flowering.

Watch the video: Living Phalaenopsis orchid root system without leaves (May 2022).