What kind of geranium can grow with proper care? How to get a beautiful flower at home and outdoors?

What kind of geranium can grow with proper care? How to get a beautiful flower at home and outdoors?

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The most popular plant is geranium. There are a wide variety of varieties and species. It is grown both at home and in the garden. It is unpretentious in terms of maintenance and easy to maintain, which any novice florist can handle with it.

This article tells about the secrets and nuances of growing a flower at home and outdoors, as well as the rules for plant propagation.

Secrets of growing a flower at home

To get a beautiful plant at home, it is important to know what conditions to create a flower and how to properly care for it.

  • Priming. For active growth of geraniums, light, loose, air-permeable and permeable soil is needed. You can buy the substrate at a flower shop or make your own. Sod land, peat, humus and medium-grained sand are mixed in equal proportions.
  • Illumination. Geranium is a light-loving plant. The pot is placed in a sunny room, on the south or southwest window. The leaves of the flower tolerate the sun's rays well, but on very hot days in the daytime they create a slight shade, otherwise they can burn out and dry out.

    In winter, there may not be enough lighting on the northern windowsills of geraniums. Its shoots stretch out and lose their decorative effect. To prevent this from happening, additional illumination with phytolamps is installed. Every 2-3 days the pot with the plant is turned 180 degrees, in this case, the shape of the geranium remains beautiful for a long time.

  • Temperature conditions. The optimum temperature for growing in the spring and summer is from 16 to 25 degrees. In winter, it can withstand up to 14 degrees. When kept on a balcony or in a garden with the onset of light frosts, it is better to bring the pot into the house.
  • Air humidity. Geranium is undemanding to air humidity. But, in the winter season, after turning on the heating, the pot is placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay, regularly adding water there. Otherwise, due to dry air, foliage may begin to shed.

    The plant does not tolerate spraying well, as they can lead to a loss of decorative effect.

  • Watering. In the summer, the plant is watered every day, but avoiding excessive moisture and moisture on the leaves. Since overflow can lead to decay of the roots and the death of geraniums. Therefore, there must be enough drainage holes in the pot to drain excess water.

    From late autumn to early spring, the amount of watering is reduced to 2-3 times a week. And the process is carried out only when the top layer of the earth dries out to 1 cm in depth. Water is used at room temperature, separated or filtered.

  • Fertilizers. With the onset of spring, geraniums are fed 2 times a month. In the fall, fertilizing is reduced or stopped altogether. Any complex mineral products for flowering indoor plants are suitable for fertilization. The procedure is carried out early in the morning or in the evening.

    Organic fertilizing is not used, as the plant reacts poorly and may die.

  • Transfer. Geranium is not very good at transplants. The process is carried out 1 time in 2-3 years, from the end of February to May or in the summer season, during the absence of flowering. The fact that she needs to update the capacity is evidenced by the rapid drying out of the soil, creeping roots and the absence of flowering.

    The procedure consists of the following steps:

    1. The day before transplanting, geraniums are watered abundantly.
    2. A drainage layer of expanded clay or gravel is poured onto the bottom of the pot and sprinkled with a little earth.
    3. The plant is pulled out of the old flowerpot and carefully, together with an earthen lump, is transferred into a new container.
    4. Empty places are filled with soil, but not tamped.

    At the end of the process, the plant is thoroughly watered with settled water.

Growing conditions in the open field (outdoors)

With proper care, the flower can grow in the open field, the main thing is to follow such rules as:

  • Priming. For planting geraniums outdoors, the soil is chosen light, with an acidic or neutral reaction. It must include peat, river sand and humus. They have a beneficial effect on the development of the plant.
  • Illumination. The flower loves good lighting, so it is ideal to place it in sunny areas. But, even in partial shade, geranium can actively develop and bloom profusely.
  • Temperature conditions. To grow a plant outdoors, a temperature of at least 11-13 degrees is required. Otherwise, the leaves will begin to fall off, and the flower may soon die.
  • Air humidity. Geranium does not need special conditions. It tolerates wet or dry weather very well. The only thing is that it cannot be sprayed, this can lead to burns on the leaves.
  • Watering. The plant needs regular watering, but do not allow standing water, as root rot may appear. Geranium is also bad for drought, it stops blooming or the leaves begin to turn yellow. But after adding water, all the elements of the plant are restored. Therefore, watering is best done after the top layer of the soil has dried.
  • Fertilizers. In order for the plant to be thick and lush, fertilizers with a high phosphorus content are applied before flowering. During the formation of inflorescences and in the phase of active flowering, potash dressings are used once every 2 weeks. Organic fertilizers are not applied, geranium does not react well to them.
  • Transfer. The transplant of a street plant is carried out before the thermometer drops below 10-12 degrees. This happens most often in mid-September. Before carrying out the procedure, the flower is prepared. Remove dry leaves and pedicels.

    The pot is selected wide, so that the root system is free, but not too large, otherwise the geranium will stop blooming.

    1. On the eve of transplantation, the plant is watered abundantly.
    2. Dug out together with an earthen clod.
    3. A drainage layer must be placed on the bottom of the container.
    4. If the bush has grown a lot, then it is divided into several parts and planted in different flowerpots.
    5. The upper roots of the flower are deepened, and the empty spaces are filled with earth, but not compacted.
    6. After the geranium is watered abundantly.

How to propagate a plant correctly?

Geranium is propagated in the following ways:

  • By cuttings.
    1. Cuttings are cut from the mother plant up to 7 cm long and always with 2-3 leaves.
    2. Places of cuts are sprinkled with activated carbon.
    3. Planted in containers with coarse sand or loose soil.
    4. When watering, make sure that water does not get on the leaves and shoots.
    5. They are kept at a temperature of 20-22 degrees.
    6. After 2-3 weeks, roots appear and the seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
  • Seeds.
    1. Seed material is purchased at a flower shop, since seeds collected from the mother plant do not guarantee the preservation of varietal traits.
    2. Sow into moist loose soil, evenly distributing it over the surface.
    3. Sprinkle on top with soil. Spray with water and cover with foil or glass.
    4. Ventilate and moisturize regularly. Germinate at a room temperature of 18-22 degrees.
    5. With the appearance of the first shoots, the shelter is removed and the container is moved to a bright place with a temperature of 16–20 degrees.
    6. With the appearance of the first leaves, the sprouts are transplanted into separate pots.
    7. To enhance tillering during the growth of seedlings, pinching is carried out.
  • Geranium is also propagated by dividing the bush during transplantation. But this method is very traumatic and if it is carried out incorrectly, the plant may die.
    1. The flower is removed from the pot and the rhizome is cut.
    2. On all parcels, several ground buds are left.
    3. Then they are planted in separate containers.

We recommend watching a video on how to propagate geranium by cuttings:

Geranium and Pelargonium are not the same plant, but two different genera from the Geraniev family. Despite the external similarity, there is a significant difference between them. On our site you will find articles on what are the main differences in the structure, care and cultivation of these flowers, as well as learn about diseases and pests of geraniums and methods of treatment.

Geranium is an ornamental plant that is not capricious in its care and maintenance. It looks great anywhere and pleases the gardener's eyes with abundant and beautiful flowering.

Watch the video: Caring for Geraniums (August 2022).