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Description of the type and popular varieties of ampelous lobelia. Planting and features of flower care

Description of the type and popular varieties of ampelous lobelia. Planting and features of flower care



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Lobelia ampelous is a beautiful flower with small inflorescences. The plant is used for planting in pots, on balconies and landscape compositions, in balcony boxes.

This article will describe popular flower varieties and rules and tips for planting a plant, as well as features of care and reproduction. You can see a photo of this flower.

What it is?

Lobelia ampelous is part of the Kolokolchikov family... This genus includes more than 300 different plant species, most of which grow in the subtropics or in regions with a temperate climate. In the middle zone of the Russian Federation, lobelia is grown as an annual plant.

The plant got its name in honor of Matthias de L'Obel. He lived in the 16-17th century and was the court doctor and botanist of James I (King of England).

Description of appearance

The plant is small, but becomes lush when flowering.... The leaves are small in size and are arranged alternately on hanging shoots, have a dark emerald color. Inflorescences are located along the entire length of the stem. The flowers themselves are bisexual. Flower color: from rich to pastel shades.

Distinctive features of the plant, description of varieties and photos

Below you can see a photo of the flower and its other varieties.

Marquise

  • The form: cascading.
  • Crown: dense.
  • Stems: hanging, branched at the base, covered with foliage, up to 40 centimeters long.
  • Leaves: small, shiny and dense, alternating.
  • Flowers: purple-scarlet shade with a circumference of 2 centimeters.
  • Bloom: starts at the end of May and lasts until the first frost.

Pinching is necessary for a beautiful crown.

Blue sky regatta

  • Variety: early.
  • Escapes: length 20-25 centimeters.
  • Stems: 25-30 centimeters; up and then fall.
  • Flowers: small in size, collected in a large number of inflorescences.
  • Petal color: cornflower blue with amethyst tint.

This variety sometimes has blue or blue buds.

Blue cascade

  • Escapes: length 30-35 centimeters; strongly branching; well developed deciduous mass.
  • Leaves: dense, glossy.
  • Flowers: bright sapphire, small size.

Due to the close inflorescences, the bush seems to be very voluminous.

Niagara

  • The form: cascading.
  • Branches: dense, up to 35-40 centimeters long.
  • Leaves: bright malachite, small, oblong.
  • Flowers: small, dark blue or violet; formed in June.

This variety has good germination when planting with seeds.

Advantages and disadvantages over other varieties

The characteristic features of ampel varieties are:

  • branched stems;
  • reddish tint of shoots;
  • the length of the hanging stems is within 50-60 centimeters;
  • shiny leaves of dark green shades and small size;
  • small two-lipped inflorescences.

An ampelous variety of lobelia is more difficult to grow than a bush... She is very whimsical in her care and often dies due to non-compliance. In practice, it has been noticed that the most resistant plant species are those in which the inflorescences are painted in blue-blue shades. Plants with white inflorescences slowly emerge and develop poorly. And with purple or lilac flowers they bloom poorly and are capricious.

Advice... It is better for a novice florist to choose plants with blue-blue flowers or white ones.

Planting: where to plant and how to plant?

Planting lobelia is a rather laborious process. The plant is planted not only in open ground, but very often in pots and balcony boxes. To begin with, lobelia seedlings are grown... It is made from seeds at home:

  1. Soil preparation. For sowing, choose the following soil: sand, deciduous humus, sod land in a ratio of 1: 1: 1 and expanded clay for drainage.

    Before sowing, the soil should first freeze through, so it is left for some time in an unheated room. Before placing the substrate in the container, it is calcined for disinfection. After that they are moistened in the containers themselves and the seeds are planted. Due to the small size of the seeds, they are mixed with sand to facilitate planting.

    It is imperative to lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the container.

  2. Sowing takes place in late winter - early spring. The seeds are slightly buried in the soil. After the containers are covered with glass or foil and placed in a place with a temperature in the range of 22-25 ºC.
  3. Each day, the seedlings must be ventilated for 30 minutes. And wipe the condensation from glass or film.
  4. With proper care, seedlings appear in 7 days. But the hood should not be removed immediately. It is removed after the seedlings have germinated 3 centimeters. At the same time, the room temperature must be lowered to 20 ºC.
  5. A month after sowing, it is necessary to make the first pick. For this, it is better to take a small spatula. It is better to make a pick into separate cups of peat or pots. The second pick (late spring - early summer) takes place already when planting in open ground.

When planting in open ground, lobelia should be formed with separate bushes (approximately 5-6 seedlings each), between which a distance of 15-20 centimeters must be observed.

After the sprouts grow 3-4 centimeters, they the tops should be pinned to form a decorative crown shape... Thereafter, this will need to be done every 2-3 weeks.

Lighting and location

Ampelous lobelia should be planted in places with good lighting, otherwise the seedlings may begin to stretch upward, as a result of which the stems will grow thin. It is good to choose a place where there is partial shade, and direct sunlight will not fall on the plant. The north side of the house is well suited for this.

Important! Lobelia does not like drafts. Therefore, it is better to harden the plant before taking it out into the fresh air. To do this, it is necessary to gradually lower the temperature in the room and gradually increase the time spent in the fresh air.

Depending on the region, the amount of light for lobelia can vary depending on the season. On average, lobelia needs to be exposed to light for 12-16 hours..

For example, if this is Moscow (central region) and the sun is always shining through the windows of the apartment, then the daylight hours should be as in Table 1.

Daylight hours in the central regions

Table 1

MonthClock
January7,5
February9,5
March12
April14
May16

If the apartment is located in Khabarovsk (Far Eastern region), then the duration of daylight hours is presented in table 2.

Daylight hours in the Far Eastern regions

table 2

MonthClock
January9
February10
March12
April13,6
May15

If the windows of the apartment face north and it is constantly dark in it, then the plant will need to provide artificial lighting. A plant planted in January will need to be illuminated for 5-9 hours, in March - 2-4 hours.

Soil requirements

What should be the soil for ampelous lobelia:

  • loose;
  • nutritious;
  • without humus and manure.

The most suitable for the plant is a peat mixture or soil purchased from a specialized store.

In the soil in an open area, there must be a balance of humus and river sand. The soil must be neutral or slightly acidic.

If the soil is saturated with organic fertilizers, then the number of inflorescences will be reduced, but the foliage will be juicy and lush.

Before planting lobelia, it is necessary to prepare the site well. For this:

  1. The soil should be dug up.
  2. Loosen the dug up area and update it by sprinkling it with sand and fertilizer.
  3. If the soil is acidic, then add slaked lime, chalk or dolomite flour.
  4. Leave the site to stand for 2-3 weeks.

Features of care and reproduction

The difficulty of lobelia care is that it must be carried out regularly. The flower requires attention every day. How is the care of ampelous lobelia carried out:

  1. Watering. Should be frequent and regular. If the seedlings are young, then they should be watered using a sprayer with a fine nozzle. During a long absence of rain, it is necessary to irrigate 2 times a day.

    The soil should be moderately moist. An excess of moisture can lead to the appearance of a fungus, and overdrying can prevent the seeds from germinating.

    It is better to take water for irrigation rainwater or settled from the tap. After watering, the soil should be slightly loosened.

  2. The soil must be drained. This will not allow excess moisture to linger at the roots of the plant, and, accordingly, exclude fungal diseases.
  3. Lobelia should be fed once a month. For this, it is better to choose mineral fertilizers that do not contain nitrogen. In order for the plant to please with abundant flowering, it is advisable to use potassium sulfate for fertilization.
  4. After the lobelia has faded, its stems should be pruned, leaving 5-10 centimeters. This is done so that in 2-3 weeks after growth the plant will bloom again.
  5. If the leaves and inflorescences of the plant turn yellow and dry during the heat, then they should be cut off.

Most often, ampelous lobelia reproduces with the help of seeds.... To collect them, you do not need to prune it after the first flowering.

It is necessary to allow the seed pods to finally form and dry out. Only then should the shoots be cut off and shaken well over the paper so that the seeds spill out.

Collect these seeds and store them until spring, when it is time to plant them.

Another breeding method is to divide the bush.... To do this, growers bring a pot with a plant into the house with the first cold snap. The flower is fed, pruned and watered regularly. In such conditions, lobelia continues to bloom almost until the beginning of winter. After that, the stems are removed and the pot with the plant is placed in a cool place until April. In April, the bush is divided into several parts, which are planted in different pots.

Fact... Most often, seed propagation of lobelia is used, less often by dividing the bush and very rarely by cuttings.

Lobelia ampelous is a very beautiful and spectacular flower. Beautiful spherical bushes of pastel colors with small flowers are unlikely to leave anyone indifferent. This is not to say that lobelia care is easy, the flower is whimsical enough.

His most important whim is the daily attention of the grower and systematic watering. Another difficulty can be called growing lobelia seedlings from seeds, but even here, if you get used to it, everything turns out easily, there would be a desire.

Thus, subject to the simple rules of caring for seedlings and an already adult plant, a very beautiful bush will grow, which will delight the eyes.


Watch the video: Flower Of The Week - Lobelia (August 2022).