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Drying out of phalaenopsis is a very alarming sign that in no case should be ignored.
Orchid leaves are an indicator of health. It is by them that one can judge the state of the flower. The task of the grower is to find out the reasons in a timely manner and take measures to save the tropical guest.
The article describes in detail for what reasons problems arise and why it is dangerous, how to help the flower in case of drying out, as well as methods of prevention.
Why can the leaves of a plant dry out?
- Natural reasons. Like other plants, orchid leaves have their own life cycle. If one or two of the bottom leaves gradually dry up and the rest look healthy, no need to worry, this is normal.
- Stress from changing conditions of detention. A recently purchased flower from a store, transported from another room or moved to a different windowsill can respond to the stress experienced by drying the leaves.
- Excessive fertilization. Due to an excess of calcium or a lack of phosphorus, the tips of the orchid leaves begin to dry out.
- Improper watering. Phalaenopsis roots are the most important plant organ. With a dry substrate, the roots dry out from a lack of water. Waterlogged soil causes root rot. If the function of the root system is disturbed, then the leaves give up nutrients.
Reference. Tap water is considered hard and has a high content of chlorine, fluorine and other elements harmful to phalaenopsis.
- Dry air. Phalaenopsis does not tolerate drought in combination with high temperatures.
Even if the room maintains a comfortable temperature for the plant, insufficient moisture will lead to the loss of moisture by the leaves and subsequently they will wither and dry out.
- Lighting. A large amount of light, as well as its absence, leads to wilting and drying of the foliage. Direct sunlight is dangerous for orchids. Moisture from the surface of the sheet plate begins to evaporate quickly, as a result of which they get burned and subsequently dry out.
- Diseases and pests. Anthracnose infection - caused by fungi. Favorable conditions for the development of the disease are air temperatures from 23-27 ° C. Its manifestations are very similar to heat and sunburn. But with an infectious lesion, dry spots grow over the entire surface of the leaves of the entire plant, after which they completely dry out.
Why is it dangerous?
If you do not take measures in time to eliminate the causes of dry leaves, the flower will soon cease its activity. If the reason for the drying of the foliage in phalaenopsis lies in the infection, then the nearby flowers will get sick and die.
Reanimating a neglected orchid is not easy... If you notice that the leaves of a tropical beauty have begun to dry out, then you need to immediately find the cause and eliminate it, otherwise the flower may soon die.
Step-by-step instructions: what to do if the leaves dry up?
- Examine the plant carefully and determine the cause.
- If wilting is natural, then take the dried sheet by the edge and tear along the sheet to the very base and remove.
- If the leaves dry out due to dry air, then remove the phalaenopsis from nearby heaters and humidify the air.
The optimum temperature for an orchid is + 17 to 24 ° C. Humidity 70-80%.
On the tips
Important. Do not water the phalaenopsis with cold tap water right away.
- Fill containers with tap water. Let it stand and warm to room temperature.
- The hardness of the water can be removed by boiling.
- Spray the plant only with warm and settled water.
Pay attention to the lighting.
- Determine if the exotic beauty is in direct sunlight.
- Move it to another place with diffused light, or close the blinds window.
- Let the plant cool down and only after 2-3 hours spray the leaves with warm water and water.
- Treat the burnt ends of the leaf with fungicides.
- Next, take care of it like a normal healthy plant.
If the leaf dries at the edges as a result of excessive watering with fertilizers, then the orchid must be thoroughly shed with water to rinse out the sediment.
And only after a month can you fertilize according to the instructions.
If you find anthracnose in an orchid, take the following measures :
- Isolate the diseased flower from other plants.
- Remove all affected areas to a healthy green tissue.
- After the sections have dried, treat with a fungicide solution.
Attention. Even a flower completely left without leaves is not a reason to say goodbye to it. Phalaenopsis are very tenacious and there is always a chance to save the beauty.
- Remove any dried leaves carefully.
- Remove the plant from the pot, clean the roots of the substrate.
- Check if there are any live roots. Dry, hollow and threadlike trim to healthy tissue.
- Place the remaining roots in the fungicide solution for 30 minutes to prevent fungal infection.
- Treat the roots with a growth stimulant and plant the orchid in fresh substrate.
Create favorable conditions for the plant to grow: the correct temperature regime, watering and lighting.
If parasites are found, then they are eliminated with the help of chemicals, and then the phalaenopsis is transplanted into new soil.
First of all, preventive measures are to comply with the conditions of detention.
- The optimum humidity is 70-80%. If the humidity level in the room is lower, then you can install an electric humidifier or put a container for constant evaporation next to the pot.
Some flower growers place small fountains in the room.
Another way to humidify the air is to use lidless aquariums in a room with orchids.
Such a solution will not only correct the problem, but also decorate the interior.
- Spray the leaf plates of the tropical beauty more often with warm and settled water using the finest spray mesh.
- Choose a quality phalaenopsis substrate.
- Use phytolamp or diffused sunlight.
- Observe the temperature regime.
- Watch the watering regime.
Attention. White roots and a 2/3 dry substrate are a sure sign of a lack of moisture.
Shower your orchid 2-3 times a month.
- Observe the flower systematically.
- Do not overfeed with fertilizers.
Always inspect the plant. This is necessary in order to identify the problem in time. From our materials, you will learn what to do if the stem, flowers and roots of an orchid begin to dry, as well as how to determine the signs of the beginning of drying.
The most important thing is attention and care. Only timely help and competent actions will allow you to quickly restore your darling's health and rejoice in her beauty for many years to come.