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Beautiful butterfly orchid - Phalaenopsis Mix: what kind of flower is it and what kind of care is needed?

Beautiful butterfly orchid - Phalaenopsis Mix: what kind of flower is it and what kind of care is needed?



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Orchids have long ceased to be exotic and have become common indoor plants. Phalaenopsis Mix is ​​in the greatest demand among flower lovers.

The article tells the history of the appearance of the species with its detailed description and photos, the main differences from other varieties of orchids, flowering features, instructions for home care, as well as how to propagate the plant yourself, what diseases and pests can threaten the flower and what preventive measures exist.

History of origin: what is this species?

Orchids have a history of 130 million. Species Mix is ​​a fairly young representative of this family.... Phalaenopsis Mix is ​​a native of the Asian tropics, which was adapted by breeders over 100 years ago for indoor cultivation.

The second name - phalaenopsis - is translated from Greek as "like a moth". It appeared thanks to the director of the European botanical garden, Karl Blume. It was he who brought the original flower to his greenhouse in the 19th century, the ancestor of the Mix species, captivated by its similarity to a butterfly.

Detailed description with photo

Mix is ​​a perennial. The height of the stem is from 30 cm to 1 m. The appearance of the plant surprises with a variety of colors, from green to black-violet, the size of flowers, the largest of which reaches 15 cm, and their shape. These figures vary depending on the variety.

What is the difference from other species?

Orchid Mix has:

  • one straight shoot with an apical point of germination;
  • leaves are wide, long, growing in 2 rows;
  • the plant has 2-3 flowering branches.

Its uniqueness is in the structure of the flower. The petals and calyxes are alternately arranged. The central petal is lip-like in outline. The lower one always differs in size, it is larger or smaller than the others. For this feature Mix orchid is called a butterfly.

Bloom

With proper care, the orchid will give you a long flowering. Its dense flowers can delight you with continuous flowering for several months.

Attention! The flowering of large-flowered varieties is seasonal.

When and how do the buds appear?

The average flowering period of Phalaenopsis is 3 months. An adult plant blooms 3 times per year... New branches with flower buds appear on the central shoot. Due to the gradual flowering, the plant is adorned with magnificent flowers most of the time.

In adult plants with large flowers, the flowering period is from late autumn to summer.

Features of care before and after

Care before and after flowering is not very different. Since the Mix Orchid is native to the tropics, it needs moisture. The soil needs a special, light and porous one. But orchids are afraid of the direct sun.

After flowering, the peduncle is cut off.... If the tip of the peduncle is green, then the plant may still grow in buds.
The peduncle is cut off only after complete drying, leaving a stump of 2-3 cm.

What if it doesn't bloom?

It also happens that an orchid grows roots and leaves, but does not bloom. This happens if care is impaired:

  • Dry air.
  • Irregular watering.
  • Depletion of the soil.

In the first and second cases, it is enough to increase the humidity by spraying the flower and water it. With a lack of nutrition, you will have to carry out mineral feeding.

Stimulation helps to start the flowering process:

  • The pruning of the peduncle will "wake up" the buds. The arrow is cut into about 3 buds.
  • Place the plant in a tropical environment. Turn on hot water in the bathroom to fill it with steam. Place a flower pot there and pour warm water over it for 15 minutes.
  • Arrange temperature drops. You can take the orchid out on the balcony overnight or leave it by the open window.
  • Move to a more illuminated place.

Step-by-step instructions for home care

Phalaenopsis Mix is ​​picky about leaving... However, it requires special growing conditions.

Seat selection

The most comfortable orchid will be on a window facing east or west. On the south window, you will have to create shade so that direct sunlight does not burn the leaves. In the north, the orchid will wither away from lack of light.

Preparing the soil and pot

Violent flowering occurs when a flower grows in a small pot... An additional requirement is transparency, since the roots are also involved in photosynthesis.

A prerequisite is the presence of drainage holes. It is desirable that the holes are at the bottom for water drainage and on the walls for air circulation.

Due to this peculiarity of the roots, the composition of the soil is also unusual. An orchid will not grow in regular garden soil.... Roots, in addition to moisture and light, also require air. Therefore, the substrate for phalaenopsis consists of:

  • coarse sand;
  • peat;
  • chopped bark;
  • moss.

Special pots and soil are sold in flower shops.

Temperature

Orchid loves warmth... In summer, the temperature for its comfortable maintenance is needed above 22 °, in winter - 3 ° lower.

Attention! The orchid does not tolerate drafts.

Humidity

Phalaenopsis loves high humidity, but not high. In the summer, he needs spraying only if the heat is above + 30 °.

In winter, during the heating period, the air humidity is low. A great option is to install an electronic humidifier.

If this is not possible, vessels with water are placed next to the pot, and wet towels are hung on the heating devices.

Illumination

The plant has a high need for daylight hours - 12 hours... In winter, it is compensated by additional lighting.

It is recommended to rotate the orchid relative to the light source for even development.

Watering

Wide leaves quickly evaporate moisture. Therefore, Phalaenopsis Mix should be watered during the growth period 2 times a week. Reduce watering between flowering.

Watered with soft water at room temperature... It is recommended to do this in the morning so that the top of the substrate dries up in the evening. Then the temperature drop will be slightly felt by the plant.

To figure out if you need to water or it's too early, consider a pot. Condensation on the walls indicates a sufficient amount of moisture.

Light colored roots will indicate the need for watering.

Attention! The soil under the plant should be watered. Make sure that no water gets into the leaf axils.

Tropicana - the orchid loves watering through immersion in water... They do it like this:

  • Water is poured into a wide basin, if necessary, you can add top dressing.
  • The pot with the plant is placed in a basin so that it is three-quarters in the water.
  • Leave for 10-30 minutes. The time depends on the volume of the pot, the age and size of the plant.
  • Place the pot on a stand to drain off excess moisture.

Abundant watering is required during flowering. If there is not enough moisture, the flowers will fall off.

Top dressing

Complex organic fertilizers have been developed for phalaenopsis... Their choice depends on the purpose of feeding:

  • for development and growth, complexes with nitrogen and potassium will be needed;
  • for lush and long flowering, the composition should contain phosphorus.

Regardless of the drug chosen, basic feeding rules should be followed:

  1. Do not fertilize abundantly flowering orchids, as this will lead to the fall of flowers due to the acceleration of metabolism.
  2. Fertilize only healthy phalaenopsis.
  3. Do not fertilize during or immediately after transplanting the plant.

It is imperative when feeding to act strictly according to the instructions for the preparation!

Transfer

Orchid transplant is required immediately after purchase... This is due to the fact that in the store it is kept in a waterlogged substrate so that the plant is elastic.

Then, transplanted 1 time in 1.5-2 years. Do this carefully so as not to break off the fragile roots. Damaged or dry areas of the roots are cut off and sprinkled with charcoal.

Attention! A flowering plant cannot be transplanted.

The pot is chosen slightly larger than the previous one.

How to propagate such a plant?

Many people want to propagate a flower - a butterfly. At home, it reproduces superbly with the help of:

  • Root rosettesthat grow on the plant. They are planted each in a separate pot in the orchid soil.
  • Air kids - are formed on peduncles. They are transplanted into the ground, when each has its own roots.
  • By dividing the stem, obtaining material for propagation by cutting off the top. The resulting cutting is placed in an orchid substrate and covered with a transparent cap. This method is also used for plant rejuvenation.

Diseases and pests

Like other plants, Mix Orchid is susceptible to disease and pest attacks. It gets sick, most often, with improper care. Timely measures taken will help rehabilitate the plant:

  • Rotting roots... It begins due to waterlogging, lack of nutrition, lighting.
    1. Remove the flower from the pot.
    2. Cut off damaged areas.
    3. Transplant into fresh substrate, into a new container.
    4. Place in a dark place.
  • If dark spots appear, for restoration, the flower is moved to a dark place.
  • Leaves dry in the following cases:
    1. The plant is old and needs updating.
    2. Influence of temperature changes.
    3. Improper watering.

Action is taken depending on a specific reason. Insects can also damage the plant:

  1. Thrips... A sign of their presence is blue and silver blotches on the orchid. The remedy is insecticide treatment.
  2. Spider mite... Signs: Spider webs on the undersides of the leaves and yellow spots on the tops. The remedy is washing with a soap-alkaline solution.
  3. Aphid... Signs: Sticky streaks all over the plant and a white coating. The remedy is a milky-water solution and a weak insecticide.
  4. Shield... Signs: crusts on the leaves, under which small insects hide. Means of struggle, as well as with aphids.

Prevention of various problems

Almost all problems when growing Mix orchid are caused by a violation of the conditions for its cultivation. To avoid them, you should consider the basic needs of the plant, described above:

  • High illumination, but not direct sunlight.
  • High humidity, but not waterlogging.
  • Transparent pot with special soil.
  • Top dressing and transplanting.

Providing comfortable conditions for the development and flowering of orchids is not so difficult.if you know the features of this beauty.

All the work pays off many times in its lush and long flowering.


Watch the video: Garlic water recipe - best fertilizer for orchids to bloom. iKnow (August 2022).