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Marigolds are popular flowers grown in almost every flower garden. Their bloom starts in June and continues until frost, decorating the territory of the site.
In recent years, in connection with the interest in organic farming, vegetable beds have also been decorated with them.
Tagetes effectively fights against nematodes, Colorado potato beetle, aphids, weevils, onion and cabbage flies. There are a huge number of types and varieties of these flowers that deserve attention.
Types of Tagetes
All marigolds are different in appearance, they are tall and short, erect, forming lush bushes. Thin-leaved marigolds form small bushes up to 20-40 cm high. They are distinguished by branched stems, strong and flexible.
The narrow pinnately dissected leaves have a small length of 3 cm. The light green leaves with jagged edges are equipped with pinpoint glands that secrete a secret that gives the aroma of marigolds light, citrus notes.
Simple flowers with a diameter of 1.5-3 cm are attached to the stems with short peduncles, creating a delicate effect. The shades of flowers are very diverse: yellow, orange, red, up to brown. There are two-color marigolds, but only they have simple buds, terry buds are formed extremely rarely.
The plant is strewn with flowers throughout the summer and fall. At the same time, buds are tied on one bush, open and bloom, tying seeds.
A group characterized by a strong stem 30-120 cm high. The central conductor stands out clearly from the rest, becoming more rustic over time. Lateral shoots are also oriented upward. For such a structure of the bush, the flowers are called erect.
Large lanceolate leaves are located on the bush alternately... They are painted in different colors - from light green to dark. The inflorescence of erect marigolds is also large in size. Single caps of flowers have a double or semi-double shape, the diameter reaches 7-15 cm.They are predominantly monochromatic:
After 35-40 days from the moment of blooming, it is possible to collect ripe heads, in 1 gram of which there are up to 300 seeds.
Erect marigolds can be propagated by cuttings that form roots very quickly.
The name characterizes the lateral shoots that develop to the sides. The flower can grow as 15 cm and up to 60 cm in height. Cirrus-dissected leaves have a green tint, are located both oppositely and in turn. Flower baskets with a diameter of 4 to 6 cm are formed by reed and tubular petals. Their presence affects the classification:
- simple - consisting only of reed;
- semi-double - formed by the same number of reed and tubular petals;
- terry - they are dominated by tubular petals.
Terry forms of marigolds differ in the shape of the inflorescence... They are:
- anemone, along the edge of which there are reed petals, and inside are tubular;
- chrysanthemum, they have only tubular petals;
- clove, or clove, which only have reed petals.
Tubular petals are found in yellow and orange hues. Reed is more diverse. They are white, lemon, red, orange, red-brown. Very often on sale there are seeds of two-colored marigolds. Distinguish between tagetes and plant height.
- giant marigolds (90-120 cm);
- tall (tall) marigolds (60-90 cm);
- medium-sized marigolds (45-60 cm);
- undersized (low) marigolds (25-45 cm);
- dwarf marigolds (up to 20 cm).
Marigolds, forming thickets up to 3 m tall, are able to withstand cold weather. In a good, warm autumn, they bloom almost until November. Look great when creating trellises.
This group includes marigolds no higher than 20 cm. These flowers can be both erect and deflected, and thin-leaved.
This group includes mainly erect marigolds, reaching lengths of 09-1.2 m. The most common varieties are:
- Gold Dollar.
- Lemon Queen.
They grow up to 60-90 cm high. Inflorescences are distinguished by yellow, orange, golden shades. The diameter of large inflorescences can reach 8-15 cm. Usually they begin to bloom in late July and end in October frosts.
20-30 cm high, the bushes are strewn with yellow and orange inflorescences. Flowers can grow both in a sunny place and in the shade. There are various shades of tagetes petals. Breeding work with marigolds is carried out in the direction of breeding unusual colors. One of them is the extraction of colors in white tone. Orange, yellow, red shades have long become familiar to us, so breeders are trying to please flower growers with something unusual.
By country of origin
South America is considered the homeland of marigolds. The beloved flowers quickly conquered other continents. Therefore, their selection was carried out in different countries.
- Mexican (Tagetes tenuifolia, Tagetes microglossa, Tagetes signata) Are thin-leaved marigolds. They have been known since 1795. A small bush with a height of 20-40 cm has a compact shape. Flowers are chamomile, simple. Baskets of five petals are collected in corymbose inflorescences. Strongly branched stems form an almost regular ball, completely covered with flowers.
Mexican marigolds are preferred for planting in containers, for creating borders, for preparing special piquancy of food.
- French, aka rejected (Tagetes patula) grow up to 30-50 cm high. Long-term flowering lasts from July to October. Bushes branch well, deflected lateral shoots end in small flowers with a diameter of 3-6 cm, which can be two-colored or differ in the elongated inner part of the inflorescence. They are used more often than others when creating borders, planting as a pot culture.
The most popular varieties: names, descriptions, photos
Breeders have created a large number of varieties and hybrids. There are some that deserve close attention. They deserve it for their unpretentiousness, beauty and long flowering for several months. Check out the description and photos of the most famous varieties of tagetes - thin-leaved and erect, white, orange and others.
Shoots of small bushes 30 cm high end in large double flowers up to 10 cm in diameter, lemon, orange or gold. Blooms by the end of June and pleases until October frosts. The plant is very resistant to adverse weather conditions. The variety is used for growing in flowerpots, decorating flower bed borders, balcony boxes.
The variety belongs to upright compact marigolds. Stem height up to 30 cm. The leaf plate has an elongated shape. Terry inflorescence up to 12 cm in diameter is colored in all shades of yellow and orange. The most popular variety in landscape gardening. With the timely harvesting of faded buds, the flowering period is extended, which lasts until the very frost.
Erect stems are leafy with openwork, carved foliage. Creamy white terry inflorescence up to 12 cm in diameter has a different, darker center. Long bloom, up to frost. Tagetes (Tagetes anisala) is a Mexican aborigine who came to our estates as a spicy-aromatic plant with an aroma and taste reminiscent of tarragon. Abundant flowering.
A hybrid of tagetes with unusual shades grows only 25 cm in height. A cream-colored inflorescence with a diameter of 6 cm blooms in July. Long bloom, up to October frosts. The hybrid is adapted to growing in a rare penumbra. Recommended for planting in flower beds and flower beds. A popular variety for cutting into bouquets in which it stands for a long time.
We offer you to watch a video about the Eskimo marigolds:
The variety belongs to the variety of rejected marigolds. A bush up to 30 cm high is dotted with double flowers, the yellow center of which is framed with fiery red petals. Shows its best qualities when planted in fertile soil. Loves moisture in the first half of life, then more drought tolerant. Loves sunny areas, but can develop in partial shade. This variety is used to decorate flower beds, ridges, borders. At the first frost it dies.
We offer you to watch a video about the Carmen marigold variety:
A neat small-flowered bush grows up to 30 cm high. Numerous lateral shoots give the plant an openwork look. Tagetes is strewn with small flowers with a diameter of no more than 3 mm. Depending on the variety, they can be lemon shade (Lulu lemon) or dark yellow with brown edging (Mexican Lulu). The plant loses its decorative effect even when the temperature drops to + 1 ° C.
A hybrid of a medium-sized plant up to 70 cm in height appeared recently. Very large inflorescences up to 12 cm in diameter are surrounded by lacy foliage of a juicy green hue. The flowers are a delicate ivory shade with a lemon-cream shading towards the center. Long bloom - from June to September.
We offer you to watch a video about Vanilla marigolds:
The variety belongs to the rejected marigolds. The height of the spherical bush is 25-30 cm and is almost the same in diameter. Orange double flowers with red specks are open from May to September. It is the fastest flowering marigold variety. Differs in noticeable resistance in comparison with other varieties, to adverse weather conditions. Unpretentious when landscaping urban plantings and borders. Flowers cut into bouquets do not lose their beauty for a long time.
Rejected marigolds 30 cm high with flowers of yellow-red-brown shades. The variety is distinguished by its rapid onset of flowering, literally 1.5 months pass from sowing to blooming. Drought tolerant variety, likes to plant in a lighted area, but easily adapts when grown in partial shade. Needs well-drained soils without moisture stagnation.
Anemone-like marigolds 25-30 cm high. The bush is a ball up to 20 cm in diameter. On strong peduncles there are double flowers of a fiery red color. The variety is perfect for arranging borders, ridges, various flower beds.
The plant up to 25 cm high is covered with miniature inflorescences. Neat, dense spherical bushes, grow due to well-branched stems. Red-yellow flowers bloom continuously from July to September. An ideal variety for planting in flowerpots, flower pots.
Marigolds are so popular that breeders continue to create more and more new varieties and hybrids that satisfy the taste of the most passionate connoisseur. Depending on their appearance, they are high and low, erect and dotted with a huge number of peduncles. For your plot or balcony, it is very easy to choose a variety that will be able to become anything for many years.