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Royal geraniums belong to the genus Pelargonium. This flower is more capricious than all other representatives. It grows well only at home and fades quickly.
In order for a plant to please others with its beauty, it must be properly looked after. This article explains in detail how to properly care for Royal Pelargonium at home.
How to care for pelargonium so that it blooms well?
Having learned about the beauty of royal pelargonium, many flower growers plant it at home. But not everyone can provide the plant with proper care.
Requirements for soil, temperature and light
- Geranium is of tropical origin, so it loves light and warmth. It is best to place the plant on a glazed, well-ventilated loggia or on a windowsill facing the east or north side. During the period of increased solar activity, the flower should be shaded so that burns do not appear on its leaves.
Royal geraniums do not like dry air. Humidity should always be high, therefore, during the heating period, the plant should not be kept near the radiators.
- For other varieties of geranium, the sunshine received in the summer is enough for the whole year, but royal pelargonium needs constant lighting. For illumination in the dark, artificial lamps should be installed.
- As a soil, you can use a ready-made mixture for geraniums or prepare the soil yourself by combining equal parts of leaf compost, river sand, mullein and turf. It is imperative to put drainage on the bottom of the pot.
- Optimum temperature during the period from March to August up to +25 0C. In autumn and winter, it is necessary to ensure that the thermometer does not rise above +20 0C. If the geranium is too hot, its development will stop. Ideal performance from +17 to +19 0C.
Watering and feeding
Royal Pelargonium does not tolerate dampness. Water for irrigation must be defended in the room where the plant stands in order to achieve the same temperature of the soil and liquid.
Geranium can only be watered in a plate placed under the pot. If you irrigate a plant from above, its trunk will rot.
During the growing season, the plant must be fed 2 times a month. Mineral fertilizer with a reduced nitrogen concentration is suitable. This additive will not cause excessive green mass growth. When the buds begin to form, you should switch to a special feeding for flowering crops.
Pruning and flowering
Spring pruning can kill pelargonium or deprive it of its ability to bloom for at least a year. The right time to shape the bush is from late August to early September, when the flowers have already fallen.
To make it easier for the plant to recover, it is recommended to prune in two stages with an interval of 1-2 months. To stimulate the growth of lateral shoots, fresh shoots must be pinched. The last pinching is done no later than February. If the stems are very elongated, they must be pruned at the end of winter.
Royal geraniums stand out for their lush bloom. Its spectacular inflorescences do not rise on the peduncle, as in other pelargoniums, but are located on the same level with the green mass. The bush itself is quite lush, the short stem is densely covered with emerald leaves. In some species, such as White Glory, the diameter of one flower is about 7 cm.
Geranium can grow in one pot for about three years. It is not recommended to transplant it into the garden for the summer period, because the plant can wither from the frequent change of location. It is best to plan a transplant for the period from February to April. At this time, the bush is in the stage of active growth and quickly adapts to new conditions. If you disturb the flowering, pelargonium, it may die.
Transplanting is done only if the entire pot is filled with the root system. The diameter of the new container should be about 2 cm larger than the previous one. A pot that is too spacious can cause the geranium to die or lack flowers.
Until the roots fill the entire earthy ball, the buds will not form. The best option is a not too deep and wide pot made of unglazed ceramic. Such a container maintains the optimum temperature of the earth and provides air exchange.
Tips for Beginners
Many inexperienced growers are faced with the fact that royal geranium does not bloom. This can be due to many reasons:
- plant damage by bacteria and fungi;
- care errors;
- frequent transplants.
- First of all, you need to examine the pelargonium. If there is rot or dark spots on its green part, you need to clean the root system of soil, rinse it under running water and lower it for 2-3 days in a weak manganese solution. The affected parts of the flower should be cut or trimmed.
- Pour boiling water over the soil and pot before planting.
After transplanting a plant, you must carefully monitor its condition.
The photo below shows a well-groomed, beautifully flowering plant:
What difficulties can arise?
Even with a slight violation of the conditions of detention, royal geranium may not bloom or shed already formed buds. In addition, the florist may face the following problems:
- if the plants are taken out in the garden or on the veranda in the summer, they may begin to wither due to difficulties with acclimatization;
- even careful care of the royal geranium is not able to make its flowering as long as that of the zonal varieties;
- flower propagation by cuttings or seeds requires close attention and patience.
Only those who can please the bright beauty will be rewarded with large beautiful flowers:
- If the buds fall off too quickly, it may be caused by excess nitrogen in the soil or dry indoor air.
- With proper care, geraniums rarely get sick, but from excessive watering or using contaminated soil, the lower part of the plant stem is affected by rot. This pathology is called "black leg". It is impossible to save the damaged areas; all that remains is to remove them.
- If the geranium leaves have dried up and turned yellow, it means that the culture does not have enough moisture, and if they have withered, the frequency of watering should be reduced.
- The plant can be attacked by such pests as:
- spider mite;
To get rid of them, you can spray the geranium with chamomile infusion.
Royal Pelargonium is a demanding plant to care for... In order for the bush to develop correctly, it is required to take responsibility for caring for it. But the effort is worth it - geranium responds to care with abundant flowering.
We suggest watching a video about caring for Royal Geraniums: