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Amaryllis is one of those flowers that feels equally comfortable both in unprotected soil in the summer and at home.
It is not so difficult to provide good maintenance to the plant on your windowsill, because it is not too whimsical to care for. To do this, you need to follow a few simple recommendations and respond in time to symptoms that indicate the presence of diseases or other problems.
What is this flower, what are the features of its growth?
Amaryllis is a South African flower that is highly decorative, not too picky in care and maintenance, and has several features associated with its natural growing environment. You can find out about what amaryllis looks like and what its structure is here. When cultivating a plant, the following factors must be taken into account:
- Adequate amount of light... Amaryllis requires bright lighting, however, direct sunlight should be avoided.
- Optimal watering... Amaryllis grows naturally in tropical and subtropical climates. Therefore, it is advisable to maintain the humidity in the room above 50%, and also occasionally spray the leaves from a spray bottle in the summer.
- Correct temperature regime... During the growing season, the temperature in the room should not fall below 18 degrees, and during hibernation, the optimal mode is 15 degrees.
- Well-matched planting container... For amaryllis, a deep bowl of small diameter (up to 15 cm) with good drainage is suitable. Too capacious containers can lead to the development of "babies" and lack of flowering. About why amaryllis does not bloom and how to make it release buds, see here.
See what a healthy, well-groomed plant looks like:
How to care?
Even a beginner can handle flower care at home. You just need to follow the basic recommendations for:
- temperature regime;
- top dressing;
- landing and transfer.
Amaryllis needs a stream of soft, diffused light. Lighting should be adjusted taking into account the following factors:
- for normal growth and development of a plant in the summer season, the duration of daylight hours should be at least 16 hours;
- during active growth, the flower is more picky about bright light, during this period it can be in direct sunlight from 11:00 to 15:00;
- during the dormant period, the plant bulbs do not need intense lighting.
With the growth of leaves and peduncle, amaryllis must be turned more often so that the peduncle does not deform.
How to water?
Amaryllis adapts very well in rooms with dry air and does not require frequent watering. A signal that the flower needs moisture is a dried earthy lump.
The procedure is recommended to be carried out in the lower way, in which the pot is placed in a container of water at room temperature for half an hour. The usual method of irrigation is also acceptable, but it must be done very carefully. It can lead to unwanted ingress of liquid on the bulb and its decay.
The phase of flower development is also important:
- after flowering, watering should be reduced;
- during rest, the procedure does not need to be carried out, you can not spray the leaves and buds;
- after the end of the "hibernation" period with a peduncle height of about 10 cm, watering should be done as usual, taking into account the humidity and air temperature in the room.
The plant breathes through leaf plates, so they should be freed from dusty deposits as often as possible.
Where is the best place to put the pot?
The only condition for proper placement of amaryllis is sufficient lighting. The best places to keep a flower are:
- south-east facing windows;
- a window sill located on the southwest side of the dwelling.
Despite its light-loving nature, the plant should be protected from direct exposure to ultraviolet rays, periodically shading it during the period of greatest solar activity. This is especially true for those flowers that are located on the south window.
For the full development of a flower, it is necessary to set the temperature regime taking into account the phases of its development:
- With active growth, the temperature in the room should be between 18 and 25 ° C. It is also necessary to take into account the time of day, during the day it should be warmer (20-22 degrees), at night - cooler (up to 18 degrees).
- During the rest period, when amaryllis is resting and gaining strength, it does not need a high temperature. The room should be no more than 10-15 ° C; a cellar or basement is ideal for storage.
What the flower really does not tolerate is the sudden change in temperature. Strong changes negatively affect the growth and development of the plant.
How to feed, when and how to fertilize?
It is necessary to feed the flower once every 12-14 days only during the period of active growth and flowering after the formation of the first buds. In the phase of dormancy and dying off of leaves, fertilization is not necessary to the soil.
It is recommended to alternate organic and mineral compounds that are applied directly to the soil. These include:
- Bird droppings... A third of the glass with the substance must be dissolved in 10 liters of water.
- Fermented Organic Cow Dung Infusion (Mullein)... Taken at the rate of 250 ml per bucket of liquid.
- Complex liquid fertilizer for flowering plants... Proportion: 3 g of chemical per 10 liters of water.
It is preferable to choose fertilizers with a high content of calcium and phosphorus, rather than nitrogen. Excessive content of this substance in the soil can lead to a red burn of the flower.
Amaryllis growing at home is adapted to shed withered and dried leaves on its own, so it does not need to be cut regularly. In the process of withering away, the beneficial substances contained in them pass into the bulb, forming a supply of trace elements necessary for future flowering.
Dying leaves may not naturally fall off for a long time. In this case, they must be slightly bent or cut off at the very base of the bulb.
How to transplant?
Amaryllis does not need annual replanting. It is only recommended to replace the topsoil (no more than 3 cm) and saturate it with nutrients. A major plant transplant is carried out every 3-4 years after the flowering and wilting of the peduncle stop.
Large bulbs of old plants, which are significantly slowed down, can be replanted about once every 5-6 years. In this case, the following nuances must be taken into account:
- the procedure is carried out after the end of flowering, when the peduncle will completely fade;
- in a few days the soil is abundantly moistened and fertilized;
- rotted areas are removed from the onion removed from the pot;
- cuts and damages are treated with antiseptic solutions or sprinkled with ash or crushed activated carbon;
- daughter shoots are removed from the bulb so that during the flowering period all resources are not used for their development.
Timing for the procedure
It is advisable to plant amaryllis bulbs:
- at the end of the dormant period (late autumn);
- at the beginning of the growing season (in March).
A flower transplant is carried out only during hibernation.
Reasons why a transplant is required
The flower must be transplanted for the following reasons:
- Renewal of the soil mixture. Any houseplant over time sucks out all the beneficial trace elements from the soil, depleting it. Even regular feeding does not help the situation. Therefore, in order to enable the flower to grow and develop correctly, it must be transplanted into soil rich in nutrients.
- Rapid growth of amaryllis. In this case, its root system needs to increase the volume of the bowl. The distance between the container wall and the bulb should be within three centimeters.
How to plant - step by step instructions
Algorithm of actions:
- Prepare a soil with a weakly acidic reaction from two parts of sod, leafy soil, sand, and one part of humus.
- Disinfect the mixture in the oven.
- Place expanded clay drainage at the bottom of the transplant pot (layer at least 3 cm).
- Fill the bowl with soil 2/3.
- Dig up the onion along with a clod of earth, peel, inspect for diseases.
- Pour a layer of sand under it at least 2 cm.
- Plant in a new container, sprinkle with soil mixture so that 1/3 of it remains above the soil surface.
- Slightly compact the earth and moisten it with a spray bottle, being careful not to get on the bulb.
We wrote separately about growing amaryllis at home and on the street.
How to care for a cut flower?
It is recommended to cut the flower during the blooming of the buds. In order for a cut plant to retain its beauty for a long time, it is necessary:
- Cut off the stem exactly.
- Lower its end for a quarter of an hour and water with a temperature of at least 45-50 degrees.
- Pierce the hollow stem to release air at the top.
- And close its bottom with a piece of cotton wool.
- Place the flower in a vase of water.
- Provide optimal temperature conditions above 7 degrees Celsius.
Cut amaryllis flowers are stored for no more than a week.
You can learn about amaryllis bouquets here.
What to do if something went wrong - tips and warnings
Sometimes, even with good care, amaryllis refuses to bloom. There may be several reasons in this case:
- too wide a pot, which allows the plant to spend all its energy on building up "children", and not on flowering;
- lack of nutrients in the soil;
- poor lighting and inappropriate temperature conditions during the growing season;
- lack of a rest phase;
- defeat by fungi and parasites.
When growing, the following problems may arise:
- Withering and blanching or yellowing of leaves, blackening of flowers... This can happen with flowers placed in too humid and cold environments. The solution to the problem will be the normalization of the temperature and watering regime.
- Slow growth amid falling leaves... Such symptoms appear during infection with the amaryllis bug. It is recommended to wipe the leaves with a solution of potassium soap to get rid of aphids.
- Light markings on leaves and stems. A sign of the appearance of a mealybug. Eliminated by wet wiping the leaves and spraying with insecticides.
- Brown spots on the leaves. They are caused by a pest - a false shield. To cure the plant, you need to prepare a solution of laundry soap and wipe the affected areas with it.
- Rotting bulbs. Indicates the presence of a daffodil fly or onion mite. Preventive measures are required before planting, namely disinfection of the soil, bulb, pot.
If the bulb decays, you can try to reanimate it as follows:
- Remove damaged areas with a knife.
- Lubricate the cut sites with an antiseptic.
- Proceed with "Maxim".
- Place in a dark place for two days.
- Remove dried parts immediately before planting.
Even an inexperienced beginner can handle the care of amaryllis. It is enough only to provide him with optimal conditions in accordance with the characteristics of growth and development, as well as to have a small stock of knowledge about planting and transplanting a plant. It will not be superfluous to get acquainted with the main diseases to which the flower is susceptible, and the methods of their treatment. About diseases, pests and treatment of amaryllis is written here.
We offer you to watch a video about the features of the care and cultivation of amaryllis: