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The Forto carrot variety has been known in Russia since the last century, but still has not lost its popularity. And this is not surprising. After all, the fruits have excellent taste and external characteristics, do not require special care and at the same time give a rich harvest.
The article provides a description of this popular variety, photos and recommendations for growing a sweet vegetable.
The fruits of Forto carrots are cylindrical in shape, the end is slightly blunt (sometimes it grows flat). The surface is smooth, without flaws and pits... Carrot color is deep orange. The core is the same shade, which does not grow large in this variety.
The length of the root crop ranges from 18-20 cm, the diameter is 3-4 cm. The pulp is juicy, sweet.
What variety does it belong to?
Forto carrots are classified as Nantes.
The amount of fructose and beta-carotene
The value of any product depends on the content of vitamins and useful elements in it. In Forto carrots, the amount of fructose is 9% per 1 kg of vegetables.
The amount of beta-carotene ranges from 6.5-19 mg per 100 g of product. It all depends on the quality of fertilizing and pre-planting soil treatment.
To increase the level of beta-carotene, the vegetable is fed:
- potassium chloride.
Forto is a mid-late variety.
In warm regions, it is allowed to sow a vegetable from late March to mid-April. In colder areas - not earlier than mid-May. The seed will withstand small frosts.
Forto carrots are classified as Nantes... This variety has good germination rates. 75-80% of the seed emerges.
The germination time depends on climatic conditions, soil composition and top dressing. At temperatures above 3 degrees Celsius, the seeds will sprout in two weeks. If it is cooler outside, the first shoots will appear only after 4 weeks.
Average weight of one fetus
Root crops grow up to 160 g... The minimum weight of carrots is 85g.
Productivity from 1 hectare
One square meter can be harvested 4.5-5 kg of carrots. With proper care, from 40 to 60 tons of crops are harvested from 1 hectare.
Purpose and keeping quality
Forto carrots are consumed fresh... Its juicy and sweet pulp is suitable for juicing. Also, this variety is used for:
Forto's keeping quality is good - root crops can lie until the beginning of spring and at the same time retain their external and taste qualities
Carrots are suitable for growing in all regions of Russia - from the south to the Urals and Siberia. The difference lies only in the timing of planting and ripening, as well as in the size of the grown root crops.
Forto grows well on the territory of Ukraine and Moldova.
Where is it recommended to plant?
Forto is great for both garden gardening and greenhouse planting. You can sow seeds at home - for this you just need to purchase a ready-made substrate and boxes for planting.
Disease and pest resistance
Forto carrots are characterized by disease and pest resistancethat usually attack carrots.
To ensure protection from diseases and pests, you need to follow simple rules - to correctly harvest the ripe crop and organize the correct storage conditions.
From sowing to the formation of full-fledged root crops and their technical maturity, 115-130 days pass.
Which soil is preferred?
Carrots prefer soil with neutral acidity... To reduce it, a little lime is added to the soil. Before planting, the substrate must be well drained.
On clay soils, a good harvest cannot be achieved.
Frost resistance and transportability
Forto is able to withstand a drop in air temperature to -4-5 degrees. Also, carrots will tolerate transportation well. But at the same time, you need to collect only healthy and whole root crops.
Manufacturability for farms and peasant households
The Forto carrot variety has a rather high manufacturability., because it does not need additional care when growing.
Due to its good keeping quality, high yields, and long shelf life, Forto is a very popular species for feeding various farm animals.
Bred by Dutch breeders from ROYAL SLUIS... It has been registered and allowed for cultivation in Russia since 1997.
What is the difference from the rest?
The Forto variety is distinguished by the following features:
- sweet pulp;
- thin peel;
- when growing, root crops come out from the ground by 1-2 cm.
Advantages and disadvantages
Benefits of Forto carrots:
- the appearance of the fruit;
- stable harvest;
- preservation of taste during long-term storage;
- resistance to color;
- unpretentious cultivation;
- high content of fructose and beta-carotene.
The disadvantages of some gardeners include a long ripening period.
Seeds are planted in soil heated to 5-6 degrees Celsius.
The seed does not need pretreatment (soaking).
Seeds are planted to a depth of 1-2 cm.The distance between rows is 15-18 cm. Before sowing, the holes are watered abundantly.
As soon as the first shoots appear, the carrots are thinned, leaving a distance of 1 cm between the seedlings. When the first 3-4 leaves appear, the carrots are thinned again - in this case, leave 5 cm between shoots.
Root crops are watered twice a week, watering should be abundant - up to 10 liters of water per square meter. It is advisable to choose settled water. After each watering, the soil is loosened and all weeds are removed. When moistening, it is important to ensure that the water is well absorbed and that a swamp does not form. Three weeks before harvesting, soil moistening is stopped.
2-3 times a season, carrots need to be fed... For this, ready-made complex fertilizers are used (instructions for use are included in each package).
Collection and storage
Harvested in late August and mid-September. It is recommended to do this in dry weather. To extract root crops, they are simply pulled by the tops. If it comes off or is too small, use a shovel. After that, the carrots are put to dry. It should be a dry, warm place, but not in the open sun. After a few hours (but it is better to leave the carrots to dry for the whole day), the tops are cut off and the rest of the soil is removed. put the harvest in wooden boxes with holes.
A cellar is suitable for storage - it must be dry and cool... Before folding the crop, it is recommended to treat all surfaces of the cellar with lime - it will protect against dampness and pests.
Only whole and healthy roots should be put into boxes. Examine root crops regularly for rot and remove them immediately.
Diseases and pests
Forto carrots are protected from diseases... But of the pests, the following species can attack it:
- carrot fly;
- carrot aphid;
To prevent their appearance, root crops are treated with insecticides. They are also well suited for the control of the listed pests. The most popular and effective drugs:
During the cultivation of Forto carrots, the following problems may arise:
- Fruit cracking... Occurs due to an excess of nitrogen, irregular and abundant watering. This can also happen due to the growth of fruits in heavy soil, which prevents them from germinating.
- Ugly root vegetables... Most often this happens due to improper agricultural technology: lack of watering, fertilization with fresh manure or nitrogen. At the same time, the taste characteristics rarely change.
- A large number of root shoots on the root crop... They grow due to poor watering or unsuitable soil. In fertile and moist soils, this happens extremely rarely.
- Nantes 4... It is similar to Forto in terms of ripening, shape and shade of the root crop.
- Vitamin 6... Also applies to mid-late varieties. The pulp is rich orange. Approximately the same amount of fructose and beta-carotene.
- Losinoostrovskaya 13... The fruits are just as sweet, great for baby and diet food. Dimensions are similar to Forto.
- Incomparable... It is similar to Forto in appearance and in the amount of nutrients.
Forto carrots are a popular variety among both agronomists and farmers. Root crops grow well and require little maintenance. It is enough to water the seedlings in a timely manner, weed and feed them.
Our experts have prepared articles for you with a description, characteristics and features of growing the most popular varieties of carrots, including Laguna, Dordogne, Samson, Abaco, Nandrin, Alenka, Boltex, Champion, Red Giant and Queen of Autumn.
Video review, description of the characteristics of this variety: