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Carrots are one of the most commonly consumed vegetables, without which a very large number of dishes cannot do. Many owners of their own plots prefer to grow carrots themselves, since it is quite easy to get a good harvest.
At the moment, there are a huge number of different varieties, each of which has different characteristics and is bred to achieve specific goals, such as increased yield, early maturity, keeping and so on. That is why preference is given to Dutch varieties.
Features of this selection
The varieties of this selection are universal varieties, which are characterized by fast germination, productivity, as well as evenness, smoothness and attractiveness of root crops. The advantages of Dutch breeding seeds include:
- excellent germination;
- resistance to temperature changes;
- high yield;
- resistance to diseases and parasites;
- attractiveness and smoothness of root crops;
- high keeping quality.
However, the Dutch varieties also have disadvantages.:
- admission for growing not in all regions of Russia;
- higher requirements for growing conditions;
- can be significantly inferior to domestic varieties in the amount of carotene.
First of all, Dutch carrots attract with their persistence, yield, long-term storage and excellent appearance.
Varieties and their description
Root crops are up to 20 cm in size and weigh up to 250 g. The color is intense orange. This variety is characterized by a high yield and resistance to diseases. Stored for a long time (up to 4 months)... Regular and moderate watering is required.
Small conical roots reach a size of up to 15 cm. Intense orange color.
Can be eaten fresh, as well as processed.
Video about the Red Cor variety:
Straightened cylindrical root crops with a blunt end can reach a size of 16-20 cm. The color is bright orange.
The variety is universal, suitable for fresh consumption, processing, and can also be stored for a short time.
This variety is grown in all regions of Russia.... Smooth cylindrical roots reach a size of up to 16 cm and a weight of 92 to 160 g.
Recommended for recycling for baby food.
Video about the variety Nantes 4:
Root crops of an oblong cylindrical shape with a blunt end reach a size of 15-20 cm and a weight of up to 170 g. Bright orange-red color. Withstands harsh climates.
It is well stored and does not require special conditions of detention.
Video about the Vitamin 6 variety:
Smooth cylindrical roots can reach a size of up to 20 cm and a weight of 100-150 g. Excellent taste and high degree of juiciness are inherent.
It is frozen, processed, and also used for dietary nutrition.
Smooth large roots with a pointed end reach a size of up to 23 cm and a weight of up to 250 g. The color is bright orange. Suitable for storage up to 8 months subject to certain conditions.
It is necessary to avoid stagnant water, carry out loosening and ensure normal watering.
Video about Romos cultivar:
The variety is adapted for the Central region... Cylindrical root crops with a sharp tip can reach a mass of up to 150 g.
They have sweet flesh and versatility.
Video about the variety Samson:
Root crops have a cylindrical shape and reach a size of up to 18 cm and a weight of up to 120 g. Intense bright orange color.
Can grow in areas of risky farming.
Possesses a high keeping rate.
Video about grade NIIOH 36:
Large elongated roots can reach a size of up to 30 cm and a weight of up to 200 g. During storage they do not lose their consumer properties and are not subject to cracking.
They are consumed fresh and processed.
Video about the Flacca Autumn Queen variety, which is also called Flaccoro:
Roots of rich orange color can reach an average size of 15 cm and a weight of 100 to 160 g.
The variety is consumed fresh, as well as canned, frozen and processed.
Root crops do not crack, which allows them to keep their presentation for a long time... They reach sizes up to 25-30 cm and weights up to 250 g.
This variety grows well on any soil without the risk of reducing yields.
Video about the Vita Long variety:
Cylindrical root crops with a very small core reach a size of up to 18-20 cm and a weight of up to 135 g. The color is deep orange. Loose soil with good lighting is suitable for this variety..
Designed for outdoor cultivation.
Video about the variety Laguna F1:
Root crops have a pleasant color and excellent taste and reach a size of up to 22 cm and a weight of up to 400 g. The variety is picky about watering, loosening and nutrition.... Before sowing, the soil must be moistened, and the plants must not be thickened. It is consumed fresh, canned, frozen and processed.
Suitable for regions with warm climates.
Root crops with a flat surface reach a size of up to 22 cm and a weight of up to 200 g. Their shape depends on the density of sowing.
The variety is intended for fresh consumption and processing.
Small root crops of a cylindrical aligned shape can reach a size of up to 16 cm and a weight of up to 90 g.
It is grown for individual consumption and cannot be stored for a long time, quickly losing its presentation.
Video about the Minicor F1 variety:
Carrot fly resistant
- Nantes 4.
- Vitamin 6.
Resistant to cracking
Read more about carrot varieties here.
Dutch carrot seeds are intended for planting in open ground and are immediately planted in the soil. Sowing dates depend on the variety and goals of the gardener.
Basic requirements for growing:
- abundant, but uniform watering;
- timely thinning of seedlings at different stages of the growing season;
- regular loosening and weeding;
- continuous supply of nutrients to the plant.
It is worth remembering that during a drought, abundant watering can lead to cracking of root crops and provoke various diseases.
Also it is important to use fertilizers correctly:
- phosphoric ones are brought in for digging in the autumn;
- potash is introduced gradually: half - in the fall, the other half - in the spring;
- nitrogenous ones are added before planting.
It is recommended to stop watering one month before harvest to avoid cracking and growth provocation. It is best to collect on a dry, not rainy day. The earth is undermined with a pitchfork or a shovel, and then gently pulled by the tops and cleared of the earth. Digging must be done, especially in the case of heavy soil. If you are using a shovel, be careful not to damage the root vegetable.
After, when you dug the crop, you need to cut the greens and dry the carrots, but this should not be done for long, otherwise the pulp may lose its juiciness and sufficient shelf life. You can store carrots in the cellar in well-dried boxes in advance.
Dutch carrots have versatility, high yield and excellent presentation. Dutch producers are known for the high quality of their seeds, which is why foreign seeds are very popular in domestic agriculture.