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Models of manual and other seeders for carrots and other small seeds. How to make such a device yourself?

Models of manual and other seeders for carrots and other small seeds. How to make such a device yourself?


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Growing vegetables is not an easy task. Sometimes even landing them can be difficult. Small seeds, like those of carrots, complicate the process significantly.

Uneven planting can result in the need to thin out and remove the shoots. To avoid this, carrot planters are used in agriculture. Our article will help you choose the right model.

What is it and how does it work?

A seeder is a special device that is used to sow seeds. The principle of operation is simple: the car moves through the garden, digging grooves along the way. The seeds are poured to the desired depth. The distance between them is also respected. If necessary, mineral fertilizer is added, and at the end everything is evenly covered with soil. With a seeder, the whole procedure does not take much time. The person only monitors the correct operation of the device.

Seeders are:

  • manual;
  • trailed;
  • self-propelled.

Reference. Each type of seeder has its own advantages and disadvantages.

Manual

This device works and moves with the help of human effort:

  1. The wheel, on which special blades are located, creates grooves of a certain depth when moving.
  2. There is a spout from the bunker. The set volume of seeds is poured through it. Their supply is regulated by a valve.
  3. The rear wheel has a smooth surface. It fills the pits.

The manual seeder is suitable not only for planting carrots, but also for other small seeds. Usually used in summer cottages and greenhouses.

Pros of handheld devices:

  • low cost;
  • compactness;
  • different seeds can be planted.

Minuses:

  • suitable for a small amount of work;
  • no automatic fertilizer addition.

Manual seeders can also vary. Allocate: piston, funnel-shaped, from a bar and a mini-rake.

The video shows a model of a manual seeder for greenhouses:

Reciprocating

The device is a cylindrical plastic container. Above is a piston with a spring. Seeds are poured inside. There is a tapered hole at the bottom of the device, it can be adjusted. Through it, seeds enter the soil. The seeder squeezes a certain amount into pre-prepared dimples. The device is placed 5 cm above the ground.

Advantages of the device:

  • relatively fast landing speed;
  • low price.

The disadvantages include:

  • uneven seed supply;
  • fuzzy furrow;
  • the need for thinning sprouts.

Funnel-shaped

The funnel acts as a mechanism. The hole volume can be adjusted with an internally mounted diaphragm. The funnel is installed at a height of 15 cm from the ground. The apparatus is easily shaken, and the seeds are poured into the groove.

Advantages of the device:

  • the possibility of self-production;
  • low cost.

Minuses:

  • uneven grooves;
  • difficult to regulate.

From a bar

They are made from bottle caps and a wooden block. It is required to loosen the soil well in advance. Covers squeeze holes in the ground for sowing. The seeds are placed by hand.

Pros:

  • low cost;
  • the possibility of self-production.

Minuses:

  • low seeding volume required;
  • manual landing;
  • a lot of time wasted.

Mini rake

Consists of a long board, a handle, small planks. The teeth are cut out on the underside. This part of the rake is fixed perpendicular to the handle, which acts as a handle.

Pros:

  • low cost;
  • the possibility of self-production.

Minuses:

  • small seeding volume;
  • the soil must be prepared in advance.

Self-propelled

This type is widely used by small farms. The device is capable of sowing 10 rows of carrots at the same time. The width of the fit can be adjusted as needed. The device consists of two independent monoblocks, there is a motor.

The pluses include:

  • lack of unnecessary energy consumption;
  • customizable landing width;
  • average sowing volume;
  • automatic fertilizer addition.

Minuses: high price compared to manual.

Trailed

Attaches to a walk-behind tractor or cultivator. The best option for large volumes of work. Can sow more than 12 beds at a time. For industrial purposes, an analogue for a tractor is used.

Pros of the device:

  • large seeding volume;
  • automatic fertilizer addition;
  • great productivity;
  • suitable for planting different seeds.

The disadvantages include: high cost compared to previous types.

Buy in a store or do it yourself?

It all depends on your financial condition. Some cheap store gadgets lose a lot to homemade ones. More expensive devices have a high seeding speed and make it possible to adjust the distance between the rows, as well as adjust the holes for the seeds. Suitable for planting different crops.

How to choose a planter for a summer residence?

Important! There are several factors to consider when purchasing a device: performance, weight, adjustment options, functionality, and cost.

  1. Performance. If it is necessary to work over a large area, towing devices will be considered the most effective. It is more convenient to plant medium-sized crops with self-propelled ones. For summer cottages, manual seeders are suitable.
  2. The weight. The lightest will be manual seeders, followed by self-propelled ones. The hardest ones are trailed ones, they cannot be used without special equipment.
  3. Adjustment parameters. There are different ways of growing carrots. In each of them, the technological process has its own requirements. When choosing a device, it is necessary to pay attention to the adjustment parameters of the types of the seeding unit.

    Key parameters:

    • spaces between rows;
    • the depth of the pits;
    • sowing material consumption rate.

    Manual seeders may not have this.

  4. Cost. The most expensive will be trailed and self-propelled. Manual seeders are a more budget-friendly option.
  5. Functionality. Better to choose a multifunctional device. Thus, the labor intensity of the process can be reduced. It is worth paying attention to devices that are suitable for planting different crops.

We present to watch a video on how to choose the right seeder:

Models presented on the Russian market

In the tables below, you can see some types of devices with approximate prices for Moscow and St. Petersburg.

ModelA typeDescriptionCost (for Moscow and St. Petersburg)
Precision seeder 1001-BManual.
  • Speed ​​2500 m / h.
  • Productivity is up to 1 hectare per day.
  • Weight 4 kg.
7090 rubles.
CP-1Manual.
  • Speed ​​3 km / h.
  • Depth 1-5 cm.
  • Weight 10.5 kg.
5890 rubles.
CPT-4Manual.
  • Speed ​​3-4 km / h.
  • Depth 1-4 cm.
  • Weight 13 kg.
11,900 rubles.
Self-propelled seeder "Shekhireva" with mechanical seedingSelf-propelled.
  • Depth 5 cm.
  • Weight 140 kg.
From 220,000 rubles.
Self-propelled seeder "Shekhireva" with vacuum seedingSelf-propelled.
  • Depth 3-30 cm.
  • Weight 160 kg.
From 220,000 rubles.
Seeder SZM 4 (NIKA)Trailed.
  • Speed ​​2.5 ha / h.
  • Weight 1450 kg.
  • Depth 1-9 cm.
From 1,176,000 rubles.

How to make it yourself?

It is quite possible to make a landing device on your own. It takes a little effort. The following describes the methods of manufacturing both a primitive apparatus and a more complex seeder.

Bar planting device

The principle of operation of the structure is described above.

  1. We need a 5x5x50 cm wooden block, bottle caps, a nail and a hammer.
  2. Lids must be nailed to one side of the block.
  3. The spacing between the covers should correspond to the desired spacing between future crops.

Complex device

If you want to make a more advanced planter, be patient.

Required materials and tools:

  • sheet steel (1.5 mm thick);
  • short sleeves;
  • steel strip (1 mm thick);
  • metal plate (0.1 mm thick);
  • brass rod (15 mm in diameter) or nut (internal thread diameter 8 mm);
  • solid steel bar (18 mm in diameter);
  • metal bushings (1 mm thick);
  • wooden handle (a shovel handle will do);
  • hacksaw for metal;
  • soldering iron with hard solder;
  • ruler, pliers, lathe, pliers;
  • drilling machine.

Attention! Assembling the seeder on your own is a serious job, so a drawing is required.

Step-by-step instruction:

  1. From the drawing, you need to cut sheet metal blanks. Sand the edges and holes if necessary.
  2. Connect the body parts along the line, braze.
  3. Insert the short sleeves into the holes in the side parts. They will be slide bearings.
  4. Leave a minimum gap between the rear wall and the shaft.
  5. Solder the sleeve for the future handle in front. Install the adjusting nut bracket on top. The same must be done below. You will need to attach a slide nut guide to it.
  6. According to the drawing, make a slider from a strip of steel. It needs to be bent. A thin strip brush should be soldered to the slider.
  7. On a lathe, make an adjusting nut with a 0.8 mm flange.
  8. A shaft must be turned from a steel bar. There should be 45 degree chamfers on both sides.
  9. Drill 6-8 notches on the shaft. Their diameter should not exceed 0.4 mm. The minimum distance between rows should be 20 mm. Stagger the notches to distribute the seeds evenly.
  10. Use a hacksaw to cut the wheel disks along the outer diameter. This should be done towards the center where the centerline of the 10 mm holes is. There should be as many cuts as there are holes. Use a pair of pliers to bend each petal outward 45 degrees.
  11. From metal 1 mm, you need to cut out the hubs for the wheel. Bend them and solder them into the holes of the discs.
  12. You can assemble the seeder: first put the housing on the shaft, then the wheels follow. Secure all parts and put on the handle. The device is ready.

A seeder for carrots is a necessary thing in gardening. It reduces planting time and labor, and helps to plant rows evenly.


Watch the video: KUHN - SEEDFLEX Animation (May 2022).