Breakthrough carrots in the garden. How, when and how to thin out root crop sprouts?

Breakthrough carrots in the garden. How, when and how to thin out root crop sprouts?

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Growing carrots is a laborious and painstaking process. To get a good harvest, gardeners need to sow seeds, provide good and proper care for the seedlings.

Carrots are a moody vegetable. After sowing, the shoots sprout unevenly, forming thickening foci on the garden bed. In such a situation, it is necessary to thin out the carrots on time, and this must be done correctly so as not to harm the growing vegetable. How to do this correctly in order not to harm the vegetable will be discussed later in the article.

What is it and how is it different from weeding?

Most gardeners use bag carrot seeds for planting, which they buy in stores. Such seeds are sown densely, since some litter does not germinate well.

It is recommended to thin out dense seedlings, as the plants will interfere with each other during growth, fighting for useful nutrients and trace elements. Root vegetables will grow small, uneven, pale and not tasty.

It is important not to confuse thinning and weeding procedures.

  • Thinning carrots - the process of periodically removing excess shoots in the case of dense shoots. It is carried out to obtain even, large and tasty root crops. When breaking through seedlings, you must use special equipment.
  • Weeding - the process of removing weeds that have grown mixed with carrots in the garden. You need to remove weeds with your hands so as not to harm the inventory of the root crop growing nearby. The frequency of weeding depends on the growth of the weeds in the garden.

A photo

Below you can see a photo of the thinned carrots.

Features of seeds

Almost all seeds have poor germination. After sowing, seedlings germinate unevenly... In one part of the bed, there may be a single growth, in the other - a strong thickening of the shoots. The reasons for the uneven germination of seeds and thickening of the sprouts are the following factors:

  • The seeds were sown in no particular order.
  • Incorrect planting of seeds with a strong deepening.
  • The appearance of a dense earthen crust on the surface of the garden bed after watering during planting.

Gardeners are forced to sow seeds densely due to uneven germination. As a result of this sowing, the shoots sprout up in a dense carpet. There is a need for thinning.

Dates of the

Crops are thinned out for the entire growing season no more than two times. The procedure is recommended after the appearance of the first 2 leaves. At this time, the normal sparseness of the landings is already visible. It is necessary to thin out in a timely manner, since during growth the roots can intertwine. This can make it difficult to break through the excess sprouts. The procedure is carried out in two stages:

  1. First breakout seedlings are carried out 4-5 weeks after the seeds have taken root. Saplings should be at a distance of 1.5 - 3 centimeters from each other.
  2. Second - 21-28 days after the first removal of excess shoots. During this period, weak and thickening seedlings are eliminated. You need to leave plants with 4-6 full leaves.

Reasons for dense shoots

Dense shoots germinate due to the following reasons:

  • Good quality loose seeds purchased. They germinate well.
  • The seeds are sown to the correct depth, which improves the emergence of the root crop.
  • Planting was carried out in a simple way - abundant sowing of seeds in the grooves in random order.
  • Favorable weather conditions for landing.

How to carry out the procedure correctly?

In order to properly thin out carrot seedlings, gardeners must know the technology of breaking through seedlings and the procedure: whether it is necessary to process the seedlings before thinning and what exactly, what distance to leave between them after removing the excess, and much more. So, the procedure is carried out early in the morning. The soil must be moist... For this, the beds are watered in advance so that the water is completely absorbed into the soil. Damp soil will make it easier to remove excess seedlings.

The first thinning of sprouts is a more complicated process than the second stage of removing excess root crops.

You can use the following step by step instructions:

  1. The soil surface is pre-moistened with a spray bottle or spray.
  2. Plants are treated with solutions that repel carrot flies. When it breaks through, the smell of carrot essential oils spreads and there is a risk of attracting a pest insect.
  3. Leave a gap between seedlings 2-3 centimeters.
  4. Pull out weak plants carefully. Remove all weeds from the garden.
  5. Plants are removed carefully, strictly in an upright position, so as not to harm nearby growing root crops.
  6. After removing excess and weakened shoots, the seedlings need to be moistened again. You need to water it with warm water, the temperature of which is 18-20 degrees at the rate of 2-3 liters per 1 square meter.
  7. The loosened soil is slightly compacted so that insects cannot lay eggs in the soil.
  8. Loosen the ground between the rows.

The second removal of excess and weakened vegetable bushes is carried out according to the same instructions, leaving a gap between the plants of 6 - 7 centimeters. After both procedures, you need to remove all plant residues so as not to attract a pest fly with a carrot smell.

There are the following ways on how to quickly break through the root crop:

  • Manual root breakout... Removing the roots manually is not a very convenient way. The risk of damaging the neighboring plant and its root is very high.

    Thus, it is not always possible to pull out the root crop completely and its lower part may remain in the ground. This happens mainly during re-thinning, when the plants have already gained strength and their roots are well anchored in the soil.

  • Using scissors... This is a method of thinning out excess shoots with ordinary scissors, leaving a distance of 4 cm between the seedlings in the garden after cutting. How to use the scissors when thinning: we take scissors and cut the greens at the root, and leave the roots in the ground.

    But experts do not advise using such a method of thinning: the roots remaining in the ground will begin to rot and decompose, becoming sources of diseases, especially fungal ones. Plants left to grow root crops are easily infected with these diseases. As a result, you may be left without a crop.

  • Using garden tweezers... When using garden tweezers, you can grasp thinner trunks. This method is longer, because when working with the tool, you need to be careful not to damage the plant growing nearby.
  • Apply a knife to remove roots... Experienced gardeners call this method of thinning with a knife “grandmother's”. The knife is inserted 2-3 centimeters into the ground and several shoots are cut off at once. With such thinning, there is a threat to damage a nearby growing root. Each gardener chooses tools for thinning individually.

Many gardeners find it convenient to break through carrots with their hands. In a word, everyone chooses for himself the best way to complete the procedure.

What happens after improper thinning?

Incorrect thinning of carrots is non-observance of the technology and procedure for removing excess and weakened sprouts during the first and second thinning. Incorrect breakout of seedlings leads to the following consequences:

  • Growing root vegetables are damaged and may rot.
  • Unnecessary processes appear on the roots.
  • The damaged sprout weakens and then it is susceptible to various diseases.

As a result of improper thinning, you can get a "clumsy" crop or be left without a crop at all, which is why it is very important to ensure proper care of the sprouts in the open field after the procedure.

Is it possible to plant thinned sprouts in open ground and should they be transplanted?

Many gardeners are also interested in this question: is it possible to plant carrot seedlings after thinning? Yes, the removed shoots can be used as seedlings and transplanted into places where carrots rarely sprout. For the correct transplanting of seedlings when thinning, it is recommended to adhere to the following instructions:

  1. After breaking through, the plants must be placed in a container of water.
  2. Select undamaged plants with strong roots.
  3. The tops are partially trimmed. Leave a bundle 7-10 centimeters long, so the plant takes root better.
  4. When planting, the root must completely enter the soil strictly vertically.
  5. The distance between individual bushes should be about 10 centimeters.

In the case of transplanting after thinning, there is a possibility that not all of the seedlings will be accepted. Carrots that have taken root can result in deformed and small root crops.... Compliance with all the rules and technologies for thinning carrots is the key to a good and large harvest for the gardener.

To avoid thinning, experienced gardeners use special tools and means for sowing seeds and quickly removing excess seedlings. You can also apply the following methods of planting carrots:

  • tape;
  • in egg trays;
  • mix seeds with wet sand and many others.

No matter what method the gardener chooses for himself, to get a good harvest, you also need to cultivate and fertilize the soil before planting.

Further, a visual video about thinning carrots:

Watch the video: How to Sow Carrot Seeds (August 2022).