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Carrots are one of the most popular root vegetables in the garden. To get a decent harvest, each plant needs care.
It is necessary not only to properly prepare seeds, select fertilizers, weed control and loosen the soil, but also follow the rules for watering.
This article discusses in detail the nuances of watering carrots. Useful recommendations are given for planting carrot seedlings, preparing soil and seeds for planting carrots in open ground.
Do I need to water the soil when sowing carrots?
The degree of soil moisture during planting determines the fate of the further growth of the root crop. Seeds require a lot of moisture to swell and germinate..
If the soil is too dry, the seeds may not sprout at all or germinate unevenly.
Carrots can be planted in two ways:
- directly into a moist and loose soil mixture;
- water it immediately after planting the seeds.
In the second case, you cannot fill the soil with a strong pressure of water - it can wash off the seedlings, which will adversely affect the harvest. Also, a strong pressure of water can drive seeds too deep into the soil, as a result of which they will sprout later than required.
With insufficient soil moisture, the core and skin of the carrot coarse... As a result, the vegetable acquires a more bitter taste and becomes sluggish.
When to water for the first time and with what?
As soon as the first shoots appear on the beds, they must be watered. As the plant grows, the soil is moistened so that the soil gets wet to the depth of the lower part of the root crop (20-30 cm deep).
Some gardeners use a solution of potassium permanganate for primary irrigation... This method allows not only to moisten the soil, but also to get rid of pathogenic microbes.
After sowing seeds and thorough irrigation, it is recommended to cover the beds with foil. It will not interfere with the penetration of sunlight and at the same time will allow moisture to stay in the soil longer.
How many times a month should this procedure be done?
After the initial "watering" the next time you can moisten the soil when the first shoots appear. However, the frequency of irrigation of carrots directly depends on the weather conditions. In dry, sunny weather, it is recommended to water the plant a couple of times a week.
If the weather is extremely hot, you can increase the frequency up to 3 times a week. It is important that soil moisture is maintained, especially during the initial stage of carrot growth.
By the middle of summer, the soil is moistened less often - about once every 10 days, increasing the volume of water. It is advisable to stop watering 3 weeks before harvest. On average, over the entire period of growth, the plant needs to be watered.:
- May - 7 times, 5-7 liters per sq.m.
- June - 5 times. 10-11 liters per sq.m.
- July - 4 times, 12-14 liters per sq.m.
- August - 2 times, 5-7 liters per sq.m.
Find out here how important it is to properly water the carrots and how often you need to do it.
Step-by-step instructions for the procedure
- Watering the carrots before sprouting is recommended from a watering can. It is the drip irrigation method that is most effective for obtaining a high-quality harvest, since it does not violate the integrity of the beds. When the plant gets a little stronger, it is allowed to water the beds from a hose with a low pressure of water.
- Use only warm water. Irrigation with cold water may not have a beneficial effect on the result. In the summer, you can put a container of water in the sun and after some time the water will heat up.
- Water the plant early in the morning or in the afternoon. If watered during the daytime during the summer sun, the water can evaporate quickly, the plants will overheat and may even get burned.
Depending on the stage of development of the plant in the open field, its watering differs as follows:
- Before germination... Avoid moistening the soil with a hose to avoid washing off the seeds. Rain or drip methods are most appropriate during this period.
- After germination... On average, 3-5 liters of water per 1 sq. m landings. You can water the plant with a hose with a slight pressure of water.
- During the period of intensive growth... It must be remembered that the older the plant, the more water it requires. At this time, excess moisture will negatively affect the taste of the root crop. Many roots can form on them, which will affect the presentation of the product.
Excessive or insufficient soil moisture are the most common mistakes when watering a root crop. Both are detrimental to carrots and can lead to the destruction of the crop.
First of all, the plant develops a root system, and only after that the root crop itself. Therefore, you need to water systematically. With such irrigation, the carrots will develop evenly, gradually acquiring the correct shape and pleasant taste. The long-term drought of carrots results in cracked fruits with a bitter taste.
If the soil is overfilled with water, carrots can begin to rot right inside the soil, which will lead to its further death. In addition, with excessive watering, the tops begin to grow. Most of the nutrients are spent on maintaining it, which is why the vegetable itself receives less of them and can grow very small.
Below are some helpful tips to help you maintain and improve your harvest.:
- If you mulch the soil near the roots, moisture will evaporate more slowly, which will reduce the frequency of watering.
- Most often, it is necessary to moisten the soil until the tops appear. The formation of the first 3-4 stems signals that it is possible to water the plants a little less often, but it is necessary to increase the volume of water.
- Do not forget about loosening the soil between the rows after each watering. This not only increases the air permeability of the soil, but also allows you to get rid of small weeds.
- Irrigation should be done only with warm water.
- To make the carrots not only large, but also juicy, you can dilute a matchbox of salt in a bucket of water and water the soil with this solution 3-4 times during the entire growing season at regular intervals.
- It is recommended to stop watering 3 weeks before harvest.
- It is important to monitor the level of moisture in the soil, to avoid drying out and excessive moisture.
Timely watering, cleaning weeds, getting rid of pests, hilling and feeding will certainly affect the quality of carrots. Observing the rules for caring for the plant, you can get a decent harvest that will delight even an experienced gardener.