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Sowing seeds is one of the most important steps in beet growing. Any defect can lead to the fact that many sprouts will die.
It is especially important not to plant seeds too heap, but doing it by hand is ineffective and time consuming. In order to avoid unnecessary crop loss, it is best to use a planter.
This article provides step-by-step instructions on how to make a manual beet planter. Also in this material you will find useful information about what other seeders are for planting beet seeds in open ground and where you can buy these devices for work.
What it is?
The seeder for beets is a special device designed for sowing this vegetable crop. It greatly facilitates the work of the gardener, spreading seeds into the ground as evenly and accurately as possible.
The seeder for beets consists of a box for seed material, a seed tube, openers, which are needed to create grooves in the ground and tillage tools needed to fill the furrows.
What types are there?
- Seeder for walk-behind tractor - one of the types of mounted units for a walk-behind tractor. Principle of operation: the openers lay the furrows for the pits, then the grains are dosed into the holes from the storage (at the same stage, fertilizers can spill with them), then a special roller-wheel closes the furrows and tampers the bed for better contact with the soil and rapid germination. If there is no roller, you can purchase and attach it yourself.
- Seeder for tractor - mounted installation on a tractor. The principle of operation is practically the same as that of a seeder on a walk-behind tractor, only the furrows are cut by support wheels, and after the seeds are poured out, the beds are covered with earth from the rear drum or opener.
- Manual seeder is a small box, in the bottom of which small holes are made, on wheels, into which seeds are poured. The wheels form furrows where the seed gets, after which the rear wheels cover them with soil.
Pros and cons of various types
|Seeder for walk-behind tractor||Seeder for tractor||Manual seeder|
|pros||Small size, suitable for small agricultural and technical farms||Suitable for large volumes of work, allows you to automate the sowing process||Low cost, suitable for work in the garden|
|Minuses||High cost, you need to choose a seeder specifically for the walk-behind tractor||Not suitable for work in the garden, high cost||Not very effective, does not allow the addition of fertilizers at the time of sowing|
What determines the choice?
- How it works: the seeder on the walk-behind tractor has a similar principle of operation to the one on the tractor. It is automated. The manual device is operated by a person, which allows for more delicate work and more accurate sowing of beets.
- Weights: The tractor-mounted planter is the heaviest of them all and requires more power to move it. The seeder for a walk-behind tractor is lighter, but still requires additional power. The manual device works from human efforts, it does not need additional moving elements.
- Rates: a seeder for a tractor costs 200-700 thousand, but there are also more expensive ones; a seeder for a walk-behind tractor is cheaper and has a price of 10-20 thousand; a manual seeder is the cheapest and its price does not exceed the threshold of 10 thousand, depending on the model chosen.
- Seeding type: a seeder for a walk-behind tractor or a tractor will allow sowing with fertilizers, using disc, spoon, butterfly, internally ribbed, brush, rope, reel, honeycomb seeders. The reel-to-reel type is characteristic of the manual.
- Manufacturer: Seeders for a tractor are produced by Belarus, Russia, as well as some other countries; for a walk-behind tractor - America, Russia and Belarus, manual - Ukraine, Belarus and Russia.
- Capture width: depends on the model. Seeders for a tractor on average have a grip of 3.6 meters; on a walk-behind tractor - a meter; manual - maximum 0.5 meters.
Differences from type and from model
On a walk-behind tractor
|Row spacing||Premium STV-2||STV-4||SM-6|
|Width between rows||160-500 mm||160-500 mm||150 mm|
|Depth of seed placement||10-60 mm||10-60 mm||up to 60 mm|
|Number of coulters||2 pcs.||4 things.||6 pcs.|
|Sowing strip width||1100 mm||1150 mm||900 mm|
|Volume of one bunker||3 dm³||3 dm³||40 dm3|
|Equipment weight||40 Kg||58 kg||55-63 kg|
|Sowing area per hour of work||2.16 ha / hour||3.24 ha / hour||from 1.9 to 4.2 ha / hour|
|Sowing strip width||4.8-6 m||5.4-6.0 m||from 2.7 to 4.2 m|
|Depth of placement of seeds||25-55 mm||25-55 mm||25 mm|
|Width between rows||0.6-0.75 m||0.45-0.5 m||from 0.45 to 0.7 m|
|Volume of one bunker||28 dm3||28 dm3||20-30 dm3|
|Unloaded weight||1,228 tons||1,450 tons||0.7 tons|
|«Summer resident-7M»||«Summer resident«||«Zorka-M«|
|Sowing strip width||0.36 m||—||—|
|Depth of placement of seeds||40 mm||50 mm||20-50 mm|
|Width between rows||0.6 m||–||—|
|Volume of one bunker||0.75 dm3||0.75 dm3||1.2 dm3|
|Travel speed||3-4 km / h||3-4 km / h||3-4 km / h|
|Number of sown rows||7 pcs.||1 PC.||1 PC.|
|Unloaded weight||4.5KG||0.9 kg||10 Kg|
Purchase in various stores with delivery or pickup
- The average cost of a seeder for a tractor in Moscow is 31,900 rubles, in St. Petersburg - 30,800 rubles.
- The average cost of a seeder for a walk-behind tractor in Moscow and St. Petersburg is from 29,500 rubles.
- A manual seeder in Moscow can be purchased at a price of 6,990 rubles, and in St. Petersburg - from 4,550 rubles.
How to do it yourself?
- Drill: drills 2.5mm and 5mm.
- Joiner's hammer.
- Pliers or pliers.
- Epoxy resin.
- Empty steel pipe up to 5 cm in diameter and no more than half a meter in total length.
- A wooden or plastic rod is 10-15 cm longer than a steel pipe. The diameter of the rod should be 1 mm less than the diameter of the tube.
- Three bearings.
- Wheels with a diameter of 15 to 25 cm, wheels from a child's bicycle or stroller are also suitable.
- The bunker is made of plastic, you can make several pieces.
- Wooden bar with a section of 7 by 3 cm, wooden lath, galvanized tape from 0.8 to 1.5 cm wide.
- Seed hopper.
- Drive wheel.
- New row marker.
- The press wheel.
- Hand grips
- Seeding adjustment
Step-by-step instructions for the production of homemade tools
- A rod is pushed into the pipe with bearings fixed on it in advance - one in the middle, two at the ends of the pipe.
- This structure is fixed on wheels, clamped, markings are applied to it for drilling holes on top of the tube, they are outlined taking into account the planned distance between the seeds.
- With a drill with a 2.5 mm drill, we make a hole in the pipe, drive the rod inward to a depth of 2.5 mm. We rotate it 45 degrees, select the indentations again. We repeat the action seven times, evenly distributing the holes on the rod. If necessary, reduce the landing step by turning the rod by a smaller degree.
- We take out the structure from the tube and drill holes at the bottom with a 5 mm drill, then again connect the tube to the rod.
- At the top of the tube, we attach hoppers (you can take 0.5 liter plastic bottles) for seeds, from which they will fall into the dispenser.
- Handle making: we attach a wooden lath in the middle of the structure. We select semicircles at the ends of the rail, suitable for the pipe diameter. All this is fixed with bars on both sides and fixed with epoxy resin. The rail is wrapped with galvanized tape, then carefully crimped with pliers. The ends of the galvanized sheet are bent in accordance with the width of the planting row.
We offer you to watch a video on how to make your own beet seeder:
Possible problems when creating a fixture
The main difficulty in the manufacture of the device may be the absence of any materials, as well as the difficulty in their selection. To avoid this, you need to calculate the dimensions of the planned seeder as accurately as possible.
One way or another, regardless of whether the seeder was made independently or purchased in a specialized store, it can become an indispensable assistant in sowing beets, the main thing is to choose the right type depending on the size of your plot.