Also

Recipes for growing tomatoes after picking, possible problems and solutions

Recipes for growing tomatoes after picking, possible problems and solutions


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

While the evil blizzard is fighting with the young spring for its rights, the window sills of the gardeners are already wildly green with young shoots.

Gentle seedlings are drawn to the light, pots, soil, fertilizers are being prepared. Ahead is a pick. In the article offered to your attention, we will try to simply and in sufficient detail tell you about what this picking procedure is.

You will learn how to care for young tomatoes after a pick, what problems you can face and, of course, how to solve them.

What happens to the seedlings after the dive?

In order to answer this question and understand what kind of care such plants require, let's decide what is a pick?

reference... Transplanting seedlings from common containers into separate pots or from a smaller container to a large one is called picking.

According to gardeners, diving promotes root development.... After a properly performed procedure, tomatoes feel good, but they are stressed. Some of them may not take root in a new place. The sprouts have a weak root system, and the picking must be done very carefully. Slight damage to the roots leads to the death of a young seedling.

Therefore, the time from picking to planting in the ground should be used to strengthen the immunity of seedlings, give them strength for growth and take preventive measures against diseases of tomato crops.

Growing conditions and care after transplant

Immediately after transplanting, the seedlings need to be wateredso that the soil evenly grasps the roots, and remove the seedlings in a shaded, damp place for two to three days. This is the period of adaptation of the seedling to a new place.

The recipe for growing tomato seedlings is to observe temperature and light conditions, timely and sufficient watering, feeding and hardening.

  • The optimal temperature regime for growing seedlings is 16 - 18 ° C during the day; at night 14 - 15 ° С.
  • Lighting is best supplemented with phytolamps, especially in cloudy times. Daylight hours for seedlings should last 12-14 hours. The lamp should be on top for uniform illumination of all seedlings. To prevent the seedlings from stretching towards daylight, it is necessary to expose to the sun different sides of the seedlings.
  • It is recommended to feed the seedlings three times:
    1. The first time not earlier than a week or two after the pick. If the soil was prepared independently, then it is fertilized with ash. If the seedlings were transplanted into purchased ready-made soil, then it is initially supplied with all microelements. During this period, seedlings begin to actively grow leaves, and they need additional nutrition with nitrogen and phosphorus (Superphosphate). If the sprouts are elongated, then nitrogen should be excluded.
    2. The second feeding is carried out two weeks after the first with organic fertilizers (compost, humates, chicken droppings, cow dung).
    3. The third feeding is done two weeks before planting in open ground or greenhouse with mineral fertilizers. Attention should be paid to potassium, which promotes the formation of flower ovaries.

    For preventive purposes, you can water the seedlings not with ordinary water, but with a weak solution of humate. One teaspoon of the substance is mixed with a small amount of boiling water. The mass is diluted with two liters of water. This concentrate can be stored for a long time. For irrigation, 100 ml of the concentrate is diluted in one liter of water and used for single use.

  • Plants are hardened after feeding two weeks before planting in the ground. The seedlings are placed first to the glass itself, where it is a couple of degrees cooler. A few days later, the vents are opened. And at the third stage, they are taken out to the balcony, first for 2-3 hours, and then for the whole day.

Next, you can watch a video on how to care for seedlings after a pick:

Possible problems

Important... Seedling diseases have only two main reasons: improper maintenance and care, as well as unsuitable soil.

Pests and bacteria that cause diseases of tomatoes may already be contained in the soil, or get on seedlings from other indoor plants.

Why does it fade?

Adaptation

Since picking for plants is stressful, then slightly wilted leaves will return to their original shape in a couple of days... At this moment, they can be watered with a stronger humate solution and the foliage can be treated with Epin.

Low or high temperature, drafts

Tomatoes are a thermophilic culture. Therefore, it reacts very sharply to temperature changes. The ideal temperature is 18 ° C during the day and a few degrees lower at night. The seedlings wilt directly near the window glass, where it is always colder.

Tomatoes do not tolerate drafts, therefore, before placing the seedlings on the windowsill, seal all the cracks in the frames. If the leaves wither and curl, this indicates that the tomatoes have suffered a sharp temperature drop. The roots, being in a confined space, cannot feed all the leaves in the heat. And when it gets cold, the roots cease to assimilate trace elements from the soil.

Unbalanced ground

If the leaves of the seedlings become smaller and turn yellow, and the veins remain green, then the plant does not have enough nitrogen. It is not recommended to feed with nitrogen alone in order to prevent the seedling from pulling out. It should be fed with a full range of minerals. An overabundance of minerals leads to root burns and the formation of a crust on the surface of the soil. This prevents oxygen from reaching the roots. The resulting crust should be removed and poured over with a humate solution.

Lack or excess of light

Insufficient lighting stops photosynthesis... The plant withers and turns yellow. It is recommended to arrange the plants to maximize access to each seedling of daylight and add additional lighting.

An excess of light causes the leaves to burn, yellowing and wilting. The access of nutrients from the soil occurs in the dark. Therefore, you should adjust the light regime.

Improper watering

Overflowing seedlings at low ambient and substrate temperatures leads to diseases such as rot. Diseased seedlings can no longer be saved. The leaves turn yellow and fall off, the seedling rots and falls. You need to quickly transplant healthy seedlings into new soil... Before transplanting, treat the roots with potassium permanganate.

An overdried earthen ball also leads to wilting of the plant.

Important... Water the seedlings abundantly, but rarely, avoiding water getting on the leaves.

The soil must remain moist inside, and the surface layer must have time to dry. Also it is worth checking if the drain holes are not clogged.

Fusarium

If the soil was not disinfected before the pick, the cause of seedlings wilting is fusarium - a fungal disease that affects the vascular system of the plant.

The lower leaves turn yellow, then the entire seedling. If the plant has not yet turned yellow at all, it is transplanted into disinfected soil.... If it is whole, then it is removed so as not to infect the rest of the seedlings.

Why isn't it growing?

Incorrect dive

This is one of the most common reasons for stunting tomato seedlings. Damage to the root system of the plant during transplantation, breaking off the roots or bending them, as well as the appearance of air cavities around the roots do not allow the root system to take root and develop in a new place. It is recommended to feed with a growth stimulant.

Untreated soil

Dense acidic soil leads to stunted growth... The seedlings should be transplanted into balanced, loose soil. The absence of such a trace element as iron also delays the development of the seedling. Feeding with microelements is required.

Temperature regime

The initially low soil temperature does not allow getting food from the soil, which leads to growth arrest.

Diseases and pests

A spider mite, spread from other indoor plants, is able to slow down the active growth of seedlings. To combat it, treat the plant with karbofos, actellik and phytoverm.

Root or root rot will stop the growth of the seedling, if you do not transplant the plant in time by dipping the roots of the plant in a manganese solution.

For any problems, diseases of tomatoes, as well as for preventive purposes, use a humate solution for irrigation.

For what reason is it falling?

Bad light

Lack of light in conditions of large crowding of seedlings, as well as uneven lighting (only on one side) will lead to the fact that the plants, in search of light, will begin to stretch. At the same time, the stem becomes thinner and the seedlings lay down under the weight of the leaves. It is necessary to normalize the light regime and arrange the plants... It is also possible to install foil screens opposite the window.

Unbalanced ground

Plants overfed with nitrogen give vigorous growth of tops, and it is strongly stretched.

Diseases

Frequent disease of tomato seedlings - black leg... The stem begins to blacken, thin out, the plant falls and dies.

Attention! The disease is rapid, capable of destroying all seedlings in a short period.

Infected plants are removed immediately. The soil is watered with a pink solution of potassium permanganate, Fitosporin, Alirin. After that, the tomatoes do not need to be watered for a week, the soil should dry out.

As you can see, careful preparation and correct picking will save you a lot of energy, nerves and time in the future and will give you great pleasure in collecting the fruits of your labor. Preventive measures will help to avoid diseases and seedling death. Pay attention to the seed. It is the high quality of seeds that is the guarantor of a rich harvest!


Watch the video: Easy Way To Grow Tomato Plant in Plastic Hanging Bottle. Vertical Gardening (May 2022).


Comments:

  1. Ahmad

    Authoritative message :), curious ...

  2. Darwish

    It is remarkable, it is very valuable answer



Write a message