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Tarragon (or tarragon) is the only plant from the wormwood genus that does not possess the familiar bitter taste and pungent odor.
Moreover, tarragon is actively used in cooking, folk medicine and even cosmetology. The plant is completely undemanding, and even an inexperienced gardener will be able to grow it.
The most important thing is to choose the right landing site. This article describes in detail the features of growing tarragon - where to plant on the site and at home, which soil to choose.
Where is the best place to plant tarragon on the site?
To properly plant tarragon in open ground, it is better to choose a brightly lit area of land. Direct sunlight is allowed but not required.
The unpretentious tarragon will grow in the shade, but it will not please with a lush growth and rich aroma.
Ideal soil composition
Tarragon will feel most comfortable in light, water and breathable soil. Sandy loam with normal acidity and good drainage properties are suitable. In order to prevent waterlogging of the soil, it is necessary, if possible, to choose a place on a hill. In addition, the soil should be rich in mineral salts and organic matter (manure, humus).
The best soil mixture for growing tarragon through seedlings is a combination of turf, humus and sand in equal proportions. The result is a light and acid-neutral soil, ideal for the plant. To prevent diseases of the root system, drainage should be done: Place small pebbles 1-2 cm thick on the bottom and allow excess liquid to escape.
Do I need to fertilize the soil?
In autumn, it is recommended to fertilize the selected plot of land: 5-6 kg of compost per 1 m² and a large spoonful of potash and phosphorus fertilizers. In the spring, just before planting, it does not hurt to add a small spoonful of ammonium nitrate, this will promote healthy growth and protect against fungal diseases.
To neutralize the acidic environment harmful to the plant, you should add chalk or dolomite flour to the soil, and each subsequent year, for prevention, pour a glass of ash under the bushes. Tarragon requires moderate fertilization... In the first year, there is no need to fertilize at all, and from the second year, organic matter, urea, superphosphate or complex mineral fertilizers (nitroammofosku) should be applied at 10 grams per 1 m².
Desirable and unwanted predecessors
Tarragon, like many other herbs and vegetables, will grow healthy and flavorful in an area where legumes were formerly grown.
The fact is that beans draw nitrogen mainly from the air and do not deplete the soil, and also their organic residues decompose faster and feed subsequent crops. And it is not recommended to plant where Jerusalem artichoke, lettuce or chicory grew. They belong to the same Astrov family and therefore consume the same nutrients, which affects the quality of the subsequent harvest.
The ideal neighborhood can be achieved by planting tarragon next to most vegetables. The strong smell of the plant has a detrimental effect on pests and pathogenic bacteriain this way a healthy environment will be maintained and the general condition of garden crops will be improved. Vegetables, in turn, do not shade tarragon and allow more efficient use of the land.
Where to land at home?
Thanks to its compact root system, tarragon will not be cramped in the pot. The plant needs a lot of light for successful development, but direct sun is not necessary, so an east window will do.
Too high a temperature will not be very good for the plant., it is necessary to maintain a temperature that will be more favorable for growing tarragon - 17-20 ° C.
In the open ground, tarragon can withstand severe frosts, so drafts are not fatal for it, but it is still better not to allow them.
Read more about growing tarragon at home here.
The consequences of a wrong choice
- With an excess of moisture, tarragon roots will rot and become vulnerable to fungi.
- With a lack of light, the plant will not please with splendor, however, if there is too much light, the greenery will fade.
- An excess of humus (organic matter, a source of root nutrition) will allow the green mass to grow violently, but the concentration of essential oils will decrease along with the intensity of the aroma.
Tarragon is very unpretentious in cultivation, it can be propagated by cuttings, layering, dividing the bush and seeds. Even a few bushes of this plant can provide a tasty and aromatic seasoning throughout the year.
So, if you follow these simple recommendations and make no mistake when choosing a place for planting, tarragon grows equally well both in the open field and on the windowsill.