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A unique plant is voloshsky dill. Fennel fruit properties and useful tips for use

A unique plant is voloshsky dill. Fennel fruit properties and useful tips for use



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Fennel fruits are the seeds of a plant of the Umbrella family of the genus Fennel. Popularly known as pharmaceutical dill or Voloshsky. Fennel throws out umbrellas with yellow flowers. After the flowers are in place, the fruits or grains of the plant appear.

The grains of Voloshsky dill are oblong, have grooves (oil course). Brown or gray-green in color. Length does not exceed 10 mm, width - no more than 5 mm.

The ripeness of fennel seeds is not difficult to determine: they are quite hard. They have a bright spicy, sweetish aroma, similar to dill and anise.

Useful and medicinal properties

  1. Nutritional value of seeds of pharmaceutical dill (per 100 grams of product):
    • carbohydrates - 52.3 g;
    • fats - 14.9 g;
    • proteins - 15.8 g;
    • water - 8.81 g;
    • food fiber - 39.8 g;
    • ash - 8.22 g.
  2. Vitamins:
    • vitamin A - 7 mcg;
    • vitamin B1 - 0.408 mg;
    • vitamin B2 - 0.353 mg;
    • vitamin B6 - 0.47 mg;
    • vitamin C - 21 mg;
    • vitamin PP - 6.05 mg.
  3. Trace elements:
    • calcium - 1196 mg;
    • potassium - 1694 mg;
    • magnesium - 385 mg;
    • phosphorus - 487 mg;
    • sodium - 88 mg;
    • iron - 18.54 mg;
    • zinc - 3.7 mg;
    • manganese - 6.533 mg;
    • copper - 1057 mcg.
  4. Fatty acid:
    • omega-6 - 1.7 g;
    • omega-9 - 9.91 g;
    • saturated fatty acids - 0.5 g
  5. Amino acids:
    • leucine - 0.99 g;
    • isoleucine - 0.69 g;
    • arginine - 0.68 g;
    • lysine - 0.76 g;
    • valine - 0.92 g;
    • histidine - 0.33 g;
    • methionine - 0.3 g;
    • threonine - 0.6 g;
    • phenylalanine - 0.65 g;
    • tryptophan - 0.25 g

Calorie content of grains of Volosh dill: 100 grams of the product contains 345 kcal. Fennel grains contain a large amount of essential oils - up to 6.5% (read about the properties and uses of fennel essential oil here).

A photo

The photo shows what fennel and its fruits look like:





Application

The culture is used in traditional and folk medicine. Fennel is equally good for adults and toddlers.... Decoctions from the fruits of Volosh dill are given even to babies and lactating women (read about the use of fennel for infants and older children here, and about the beneficial properties of fennel and contraindications for women in general, it is written separately).

When using the fruit of pharmaceutical dill:

  • the picture of the nervous system is noticeably improved;
  • strengthens the heart muscles;
  • useful for ailments of the kidneys, liver;
  • copes with respiratory diseases;
  • with ARVI and flu;
  • stabilizes the menstrual cycle;
  • improves lactation;
  • eliminates colic in babies;
  • has a diuretic effect;
  • antispasmodic;
  • choleretic effect;
  • laxative effect;
  • improves metabolism;
  • has antiseptic properties.

Contraindications

Fennel grains have some contraindications:

  • with epilepsy;
  • while carrying a child;
  • with individual intolerance to the substance (allergy);
  • persons with acute heart failure;
  • during severe intestinal ailments.

More about the beneficial properties and contraindications of fennel is written in a separate article.

Volosh dill seed recipes

For skin

The green helper is good at fighting dermatitis, has a rejuvenating effect, heals cuts and wounds.

Recipe: use half a liter of cold water for a tablespoon of fruit. Bring to a boil, then cook for 20 to 30 minutes over low heat. The broth must be cooled and filtered. The medicine is ready to use: lotions and compresses can be made.

It is important to remember that such a lotion is stored for no more than 48 hours.... When applied at the end of the shelf life, it can be harmful to the skin, as decomposing acids appear in the product.

For immunity

Tea-tonic from pharmacy dill helps to increase vitality and body protection.

Recipe: To make tea, you need 200 ml of boiling water, pour 20 g of fennel seeds. The drink is ready to drink in half an hour.

You need to take three times in 24 hours... Ready-made tea can be purchased at pharmacies.

Read about the medicinal properties of fennel tea, how to prepare it and what ready-made products are available in another article.

Cellulite

Taking fennel seeds reduces appetite, breaks down fats in the blood and improves metabolism, which leads to weight loss.

Recipe: to prepare the solution, you need to boil 2 liters of water, add 4 tablespoons of dill seeds. Then remove from heat and cool the drink under a closed lid.

Drink one cup a day (you can gradually increase the amount of liquid consumed to a liter).

From toxins

Fennel seeds will help cleanse the body and flush out toxins.

Recipe: pour a teaspoon of crushed (crush) seeds with a cup of boiling water. You can report other components at your personal discretion. Basil leaves, black pepper, honey, etc. are suitable as additives. This tea is infused for 10 to 15 minutes... It is recommended to drink the drink once a day.

For hair

A decoction of fennel seeds will help restore hair.

Recipe: pour a tablespoon of pharmacy dill seeds with a liter of boiling water. The broth must be infused for 60 minutes.... After drain.

You need to use such a balm after shampooing as a rinse aid.

To improve the digestive tract, from constipation

A decoction will help to cope with the problems of the liver, pancreas and intestines.

Recipe: chop (or crush) 25 g of pharmacy dill seeds and pour half a liter of boiling water. Cool the potion for an hour. Divide the resulting liquid into 10 equal portions. It is recommended to store the medicine in the refrigerator. Take 2-3 times a day.

For appetite

Recipe: mix half a teaspoon of fennel fruits with a pinch of ginger and pour a glass of boiling water. To improve the taste, honey can be added. This drink is infused for a couple of minutes. Drink it before or during meals.

In the treatment of respiratory diseases

Recipe: 5 g of ground grains of pharmacy dill is poured with a glass of boiling water and infused for 10-15 minutes. Strain the tea, add a spoonful of honey... It is recommended to consume 2-5 cups of the medicine per day.

To stimulate lactation

Recipe: pour 30 g of fennel seeds with a glass of boiling water. The broth is infused for an hour. You need to take the drug three times a day before meals.

With cholecystitis

Recipe: pour a glass of boiling water over 15 g of chopped Volosh grains. Insist the elixir for 60 minutes. Take 4 times a day, 1-3 tablespoons.

Cooking use

The spice has found application in Chinese, Indian, Caucasian, Hungarian, Italian and other cuisines of the world. The fruit can be found in soups, main dishes, sauces, with fish and meat, marinades, cold and hot snacks, and as a drink (fennel tea).

Seeds of a spicy sweet taste. Most often it is used as a spice (whole grains or in powder form) or for frying in a pan (about what fennel is and how it is used, see more details here).

Seasoning is also used in desserts.: for puddings, cookies, other sweets. They are also used for the preparation of liqueurs.

Find out more nuances about what can be made from fennel, how it is used in cooking and medicine, in another material.

Where can I get a plant?

Instructions on how to grow

You can grow a green miracle both from seeds and by seedling. Planting in the garden takes place in mid-spring - April.

Gardeners recommend planting fennel away from other plants: if the root crop does not have enough moisture, it, with the help of long roots, will take it from neighbors in the garden.

Fruits are harvested at the end of April - beginning of September. The grains do not ripen evenly. Initially, those in the center are harvested, then the rest of the harvest.

Where to buy and how to choose?

You can buy fennel in stores, at a pharmacy, or order it online. Fruits are usually bright or light green in color. This is a sign of their freshness. In Moscow, the average cost of seeds of pharmaceutical dill is 447 r / kg, in St. Petersburg - 435 r / kg.

How to store?

Whole fruits should be stored in a cool place for no more than six months. Chopped fennel seeds are best kept in the refrigerator..

The fruits of pharmaceutical dill are a golden fund of nutrients available to everyone. The plant can be grown on its own or commercially available. Do not forget to observe the proportions when preparing a decoction or tea, to monitor the safety of the product. Fennel is your faithful companion in the fight against various diseases. And also a delicious addition to many dishes.

Related Videos

We bring to your attention a useful video on how to harvest and use fennel fruits:


Watch the video: Step By Step. Grow Fennel Saunf from seed at home. Day 0 to Day 11. Dubai Garden Adventure (August 2022).