We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Tarragon is a delightful spicy-aromatic plant that is actively used in folk medicine. The plant has a number of useful properties and is widely used in cooking.
The culture is famous for its unpretentiousness, so even a novice gardener can get an excellent harvest.
This article provides an overview of the varieties Goodwin, Monarch and other most popular, and also details the secrets of growing and care at home.
How many varieties are there?
In nature there are two varieties of tarragon (tarragon) - odorous and odorless... The first option is widespread as a vegetable crop. There are about thirty actively used varieties, and in the wild you can count about 400 species of this plant.
Popular varieties of tarragon
One of the most popular varieties, recognized for its frost resistance and disease resistance. The plant, reaching a meter in length, is covered with emerald-colored leaves with a pronounced aroma.
The variety differs in that it can be grown in the same place for up to fifteen years., while throughout this long period, it retains excellent taste. After germination, the greens can be cut for the first time after a month and a half, again - after 3-4 weeks.
The plant reaches one meter in height. The foliage is deep green in color, dense. It grows fast enough. Greens can be cut off in the second year of growing season, while collecting 500 - 600 grams per plant. Cutting should be carried out at a height of 8-10 cm. Differences of the Goodwin variety: a bitter taste and a pronounced spicy smell.
The first crop can be harvested in a month; at least 2.5 months must pass before the next harvest.
The cultivation of the Goodwin variety by seeds occurs according to the following scheme:
- Sowing is carried out in April-May in seedling boxes.
- An ordinary method is used with a distance between rows of 50 cm.
- The seeds are very small, so they are not buried and only slightly sprinkled with earth.
- The sprouts appear in two weeks.
- Young plants need to be thinned out and can be left for the winter in seedling boxes, planting in open ground only in the second year.
Perennial shrub. It grows slowly, in adulthood it can reach one and a half meters in length. The plant has a strong, piquant, spicy aroma and pungent taste. When dried, the greens of this variety retain their amazing aroma. Competent cultivation of the Monarch variety by seeds is as follows:
- The inoculum is soaked in a biostimulant solution for 10 hours.
- All the seeds that have floated up are thrown away, the rest are dried.
- Sow in grooves, with a distance of at least 40 cm from each other.
- The grooves must first be well shed with water.
- Seeds are not covered with soil - this will reduce germination.
- Seedlings will appear in 25 days.
- When young shoots reach 5 cm, they need to be thinned out, leaving the most powerful and developed ones.
Cold and disease resistant plant with dull leaves. The variety does not have a pronounced odor, is distinguished by a low content of essential oils and is classified as early maturing. After the emergence of seedlings in the second season and before harvesting, only a month passes. The plant requires careful adherence to the irrigation regime, does not tolerate waterlogging.
Among all varieties has the highest concentration of essential oils and nutrients... Has a bright aroma. The plant is low - no more than a meter, resistant to unfavorable climatic conditions, in the same place it can grow up to 10 years without interruption. The first cut of greenery is carried out a month after germination, the second - three months later.
A variety that has found wide application in cooking due to its excellent taste and aroma. The shrub is cold-resistant and disease-resistant. It can reach a height of one and a half meters, the stems are strong, with oblong, dark green leaves. It is successfully used in landscape design, as it has spectacular pale white inflorescences, contrasting with the foliage of a rich green hue.
A Mexican variety of tarragon, which breeders have successfully worked on. A highly branched, densely leafy bush reaches a height of one and a half meters, has a rich green foliage, emitting a strongly pronounced anise aroma. It can be grown in the same place for up to seven years, without losing the quality of the greenery.
A bush with erect stems capable of growing up to 80 cm. The foliage, tender when blooming, becomes tough by the time of flowering. Raw materials can be harvested one month after the first young shoots appear. Has a delicate aroma, but is in demand not only in cooking. Smaragd has found active use in landscape design, thanks to the spectacular narrow panicles of yellow inflorescences, collected in the form of balls.
King of Herbs
The shrub, 1-1.2 m high, has densely leafy stems and dull leaves, exuding a pronounced anise aroma. The variety does not tolerate drought well, but is resistant to low temperatures. The greens are cut on the fortieth day, the repeated cut is carried out after three months. Up to four kilograms of harvest can be harvested per square meter.
Densely leafy stems of the plant, the lower part of which quickly coarsens and loses leaves, can reach a height of 60 - 150 cm. The variety is fast-growing, its main differences are an unusual spicy-pungent aroma and very high frost resistance. In the same place, it can grow up to seven years. Greenery is cut at monthly intervals..
A meter-long plant with a rich aroma, allowing harvesting within a month after germination. Differs in a pale green color of inflorescences, a powerful stem and large leaves.
The most aromatic of all varieties. Low bush - about 60 cm. Yields abundant and fast. It has dark green foliage, exuding a thick, rich, spicy scent.
Growing and care
The plant needs frequent watering until it fully takes root.... Further, the soil is moistened as it dries.
Tarragon prefers light neutral soils, therefore, sand or rotted sawdust should be added to heavy soil, and excess acidity should be neutralized with dolomite flour, wood ash, crushed chalk and eggshells.
In the second year, tarragon can be fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Young shoots of tarragon are very thin and delicate, to avoid damage from strong winds, they can be neatly tied to supports.
More information about growing tarragon can be found in our material.
In russian language the names tarragon and tarragon mean the same plant... Not so long ago, our compatriots knew this culture, for the most part, thanks to the drink of the same name. Today, interest in tarragon has increased as a seasoning and raw material for cosmetics. A big plus of this plant is its unpretentiousness and the ability to grow in almost any garden, subject to simple care recommendations.