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Fragrant tarragon, otherwise called tarragon, and in Latin "dracunculus", which means "dragon" is known to many as the main component of lemonade. Did you know that this plant can be easily grown at home? In this article, we have collected all the necessary information.
Next, we will tell you about the most suitable plant varieties for growing at home, show their photos. You will be able to familiarize yourself in detail with the ways of breeding tarragon and tips for caring for it.
The best varieties for growing at home
It is one of the most famous and aromatic varieties. A small plant, up to a meter, will pleasantly please with an abundant and dense green part. This variety is good to use as a condiment, as it has a spicy taste with a slight bitterness.
A detailed description of the Goodwin tarragon variety can be viewed in this video:
Also applies to undersized tarragon varieties. Its height rarely exceeds 80 centimeters, so it can also be grown at home. Has a refreshing and invigorating foliage scent.
This variety has long established itself as one of the most successful varieties for cultivation. Height up to one meter, in addition, the variety is resistant to diseases and frost.
Individual plants may not exceed 60 centimeters in height. The maximum height is 150 centimeters. The hostesses really like this variety, because the spicy-pungent aroma of this tarragon leaves is used for many dishes in the kitchen.
From the experience of lovers of growing tarragon at home: plant height in pots rarely exceeds 0.5 meters... At the same time, the choice of a variety does not play a special role, unless you choose deliberately varieties - "giants".
Where and how to plant?
Lighting is extremely important for tarragon. If there is not enough light, the greens will lose both color and taste.
An ideal place for growing tarragon will be the eastern window sill. The plant needs sunlight, but direct rays are detrimental to foliage.
Important! In winter, all plants lack light, including homemade tarragon. For additional illumination, fluorescent lamps are used.
The composition of the earth is suitable as universal for seedlings; it can be purchased in a specialized store. You can also prepare a mixture of turf + coarse river sand + peat chips in a 1: 1: 1 ratio.
The material for the pot is not fundamental, any will do... By the size of the pots, you can choose small, since the root system of the tarragon is quite compact. The shape of the pot is also not strictly fixed, here you can choose according to your preferences. Someone will want to have a small compact bush on the window, while someone will like a whole balcony container.
A prerequisite for growing is the presence of drainage at the bottom of the selected pot. Expanded clay, ceramic chips are suitable.
In order not to "buy a pig in a poke" and not to find wormwood instead of tarragon in a pot, you should buy seed material only in specialized stores, and when choosing seeds, you should give preference to proven firms, "AC-selection", "Aelita", "Our Garden" etc.
Before planting, it is necessary to arrange a test for the seed: check for buoyancy.
- You need to take a glass of water and fill half of it with warm water.
- Throw in the seeds and wait about four hours.
- Good quality seeds should sink. They must be selected for further work.
Before direct planting, the seeds must be pretreated: they can be soaked in any disinfectant for 8 hours, for example, in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, then dipped in a "bath" with an agent to accelerate growth for 3 to 4 hours. Then you can follow this algorithm:
- Prepare a medium-sized pot if you want to plant immediately in a permanent place or a container of the size you need if you want to prepare seedlings. Make sure there are drain holes in the bottom of the container.
- Place the drainage on the bottom of the selected planting container in a layer of 2-2.5 centimeters.
- Fill up the soil. The composition of the soil is described above.
- Mix the seeds with a little sand. This will give better ground grip.
- Spread the seeds over the surface of the ground, slightly deepening them. Nebol than 1 - 2 cm.
- Cover the planted seeds with plastic wrap, making small holes for air to enter.
- After the first shoots appear (about 7-14 days), remove the film. Maintain a temperature of 15-18 degrees.
Growing tarragon from seeds is discussed in a separate article.
Directly into a separate and permanent pot
This algorithm is suitable for growing both in a permanent pot and for seedlings. Only capacities will differ.
A medium-sized pot made of any material and any shape that suits your liking is chosen as a permanent "dwelling". It is enough to sow 7-10 seeds in a permanent pot.
Next, the algorithm described above is carried out, and when the shoots throw out the first two leaves, you can leave several of the strongest shoots.
In order to grow tarragon for seedlings, you can use peat pots or a large seedling box. Sowing is carried out in the first half of March... When the seeds sprout according to the described algorithm and two leaves separate, you need to dive. That is, leave only the strongest sprouts at a distance of 5-6 centimeters from each other.
In open ground, seedlings are planted in a permanent place in June. Planting is allowed for 2 - 3 pieces per hole. As a rule, the seedlings are transferred to moist and fertilized soil in a wide-row pattern of 30x60-70 centimeters.
Cuttings are taken from a healthy plant:
- In the third decade of May, a stalk 15 centimeters long is cut off.
- The cut side is dipped into the root and planted every other day in a medium-sized container made of any material, with a suitable soil. Deepen by about 4-5 centimeters.
- The cuttings are covered with a film or an empty plastic jar, thereby simulating greenhouse conditions. The film must be lifted regularly so that the handle "breathes". The soil is moistened.
- They are planted in a permanent place in a month. By this time, new leaves appear on the handle.
By dividing the bush
- In order to reproduce by division, you need a healthy plant older than three years.
- After the soil warms up, you need to dig a bush out of the ground and divide it to form several parts with 2-3 growth buds.
- In this case, the root system must be divided manually; a knife or pruner cannot be used.
- New parts are immediately planted in the ground and watered, but in moderation.
- At first, about 3 weeks are protected from direct active sunlight.
For this method of breeding tarragon, you need a healthy plant older than 1.5 years.:
- The stem of the plant is "pinned" in a previously dug groove or groove using a v-shaped wooden hairpin.
- Sprinkle soil over the pinned part.
- Several notches are made on the lower part of the stem, the one that faces the soil.
- The soil is constantly kept moist.
- The following spring, the rooted stem is cut off from the mother plant and transferred to a new place.
How to care for tarragon?
- Temperature... The best temperature will be 18-25 degrees.
- Watering should be moderate. You need to spray every two days, but water once or twice a month.
- Shine... Necessary, but not in direct sunlight. The best lighting is from the east window.
- Loosening... Constant, so that a "crust" does not form on the surface of the earth.
- Weeding... Weeds, of course, do not often bother the owners of potted plants, but if you find "foreign elements" in the pot, they should be removed.
- Top dressing... They begin to enter from the second year of the plant's life. Mineral fertilizers purchased in specialized stores are used.
When and how to harvest?
You can collect fragrant greens after the first buds appear in the first year of planting and until August. Usually the interval between cuts of a crop from one bush is 30 days. With pruning shears or large scissors, carefully cut off the entire ground part, leaving 7-8 centimeters.
For successful cultivation of tarragon at home and in the open field, it is important to choose the right place and soil for the plant. This and other features of growing tarragon are described in separate publications on our website.
Briefly about diseases and pests
Of the insects, tarragon is most liked by aphids, bugs and wireworms. The fight against them is carried out using specialized insecticidal preparations.
Of the diseases, it is most susceptible to rust.... It appears due to too close planting or an excess of nitrogen in the soil. It is treated by thinning and changing the soil, respectively.
Summing up, I would like to say that such a beautiful plant as tarragon can really be easily grown even on a windowsill. We hope that the reader has found answers to many questions and filled in the gaps in his knowledge about tarragon.