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What can be made from fennel and how can it be used in cooking and medicine? Practical advice

What can be made from fennel and how can it be used in cooking and medicine? Practical advice



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Classic summer residents grow potatoes, carrots, cucumbers, onions, etc. in their gardens. Summer residents-experimenters are trying to diversify the planting with exotic crops. These cultures are not familiar to our taste, sight and hearing.

One such plant is fennel. The plant is an umbrella type (resembles dill) and is very tall (up to 2 meters). Fennel is grown as a medicinal and food crop.

Let's consider in the article what it is - fennel, how to eat it correctly, where it can be added as a spice, we will also give instructions on how to brew it and drink it for medicinal purposes.

What is it and how does it taste?

What does fennel taste like? Fennel seeds and tuber have a sweet taste, while they are spicy with the smell of anise. Dill-flavored greens with aniseed notes. This is not surprising, since fennel is a relative of common dill.

There are two food varieties of this plant: ordinary (for obtaining leaves and seeds) and vegetable (cabbage). Leafy fennel varieties have a more pronounced smell and taste.

Vegetable varieties form heads of cabbage instead of roots. For greens, it is better to purchase seeds of the varieties "Aroma" or "Autumn Beauty" (differs in a bluish bloom on the leaves and a more delicate aroma). To get bulbs for food, choose the Udalets varieties (onion up to 350 gr.) Or Luzhnikovsky Semok (onion up to 250 gr.).

Fennel should be consumed when ripe. The leaves are not too large, and the head of cabbage is white-green. Old, overripe plants are tough and lose their aroma.

What parts of the plant can you eat?

Thrifty housewives will really like this plant, because almost everything goes into use and recycling. Where and how to use it in cooking?

leaves fresh, dried, salted
the seeds fresh, dried, fried, crushed into powder
bulb fried, stewed, boiled and grated, pickled
stemsadded when spinning vegetables, garnish
umbrellas added when spinning vegetables

There are no contraindications for the use of fennel, except for one - allergy. But an allergic reaction is extremely rare. Due to the content of essential oils, doctors do not recommend using it for children under 4 months, pregnant women and people with epilepsy. Read about using fennel for babies and women, including nursing mothers.

What is it eaten with?

What can be prepared from it at home, how and with what is this plant eaten?

Raw

Having grown or bought fennel, it must be cleaned before use.... Separate the top leaf and stem from the root. Instructions for using the herb:

  • Leaves can be added to salads, meat or fish in pure form, after rinsing with water.
  • Seeds are eaten in 1-2 tsp. in a day. They use seeds for medicinal and prophylactic purposes. A bonus to the above is fresh breath.

    There are also no restrictions on the amount of product consumption per day. If you keep track of calorie counts per day, then keep in mind: 100 grams. fennel seeds contain approximately 1.7% of the daily value (from the WHO indicator of 2000-2200 kcal per day). Separately, we will talk in more detail about the use of the fruits (seeds) of fennel for medicinal purposes and in cooking.

  • On the root with the bulb, it is necessary to remove the top layer: tough and damaged leaves. The onion is cut into four parts and the core is removed. it is tough and therefore not edible. The remaining part is cut into pieces of the required size.

What does the frequent use of the plant give? By consuming this plant systematically every day, you will get the results you want faster and the effects will last longer.

If you have decided on a dietary health food or are overweight, include this product raw in your diet. It reduces hunger and provides the body with essential vitamins. In its raw form, the product can be eaten at any time, in the form of a decoction - before meals and at night.

Processed

  • Boiled... An onion cut into several parts or whole is dipped in boiling water for 30-40 minutes. There is no need to add salt for dietary nutrition. The broth can also be drunk after that. The onion itself is cooled and rubbed through a sieve to form a soft gruel. It is used as a side dish.
  • Fried... Cut the onion and fry in a pan. It is better to give preference to olive oil for frying.
  • Dried... For drying, the leaves and seeds are laid out in a thin layer on paper and placed in a dry, dark place. When they dry, they are folded into a cloth bag for storage.
  • Marinated... The bulbs are put in a jar, filled with marinade and stored in a cool place.

Fresh fennel does not last long: 3 to 5 days in the refrigerator. Then he simply loses essential oils and beneficial properties. When fresh, it brings the most benefits to the body. During heat treatment (frying or boiling), one must take into account that some of the nutrients are lost. Dried fennel is added as a seasoning and can be stored for up to 6 months.

The most long-term storage option is marinating.... Although if a large freezer is available at home, then it is possible to freeze grass or bulbs for the winter, while retaining all the useful properties.

Use in cosmetology

The current trend in cosmetology is the use of natural, natural cosmetics. It is best to use a decoction for cosmetic procedures.

  • A decoction of seeds is suitable for problem skin care. The main action is anti-inflammatory. People with acne, dermatitis, or eczema have the ability to improve their skin condition with decoction compresses.
  • Instead of special creams for dark circles under the eyes, the same decoction is suitable. Soak cotton pads in the broth and place on eyelids for 10-15 minutes.
  • With the regular addition of fennel to food, the condition of the skin and hair improves. This is because the plant remarkably removes toxins, toxins and harmful substances from the body.
  • Masks with fennel (you can make gruel from seeds for this) are an excellent tool to protect the skin from harmful external influences: sun, wind or cold. Due to their oil content, they create a protective layer on the skin's surface.

How is it used in medicine?

Preparations based on or using fennel are widely used in medicine and are of undoubted benefit to our body.

Various forms are used: tinctures, decoctions, powder, oil... Indications for use:

  • Infusions are used to treat fungal diseases.
  • Essential oil relieves digestive problems. The oil can be used in aroma lamps and in pendants. This smell soothes, reduces anxiety, improves mood.
  • Crushed dry leaves are a good expectorant. Many natural cough suppressants contain fennel.
  • The broth is recommended for nursing mothers to improve lactation.
  • A decoction of seeds is instilled into the eyes with conjunctivitis.
  • Many people know the name "dill water", this is the same broth. It helps relieve colic and bloating.

You will find more details on the benefits and dangers of fennel in a separate resource.

Where to use in cooking?

It is worth trying this product in different dishes. It is used both as a vegetable and as a condiment.

  • Leaves and stem... The leaves are either added to salads fresh or dried. Fennel goes well in sweet and sour, sweet (fruit) salads. Dry and fresh leaves are used as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes, added to soups to add anise flavor. The herb can be added to marinade or pickles for a pleasant scent.
  • Seeds... The seeds, like the leaves, are used as a seasoning. Seeds can be sprinkled on baked goods, or simply added to flour when kneading. If you use seeds that are not processed, then the taste is more delicate, unobtrusive. During heat treatment, for example, roasting, the taste is revealed and becomes more pronounced.
  • Stems... Stems and umbrellas are not thrown away by thrifty housewives, but most often they are added to the marinade with other seasonings. For pickling cucumbers, zucchini and tomatoes, these greens will also work. And in Europe, the stems are cooked like asparagus: they are blanched and served chilled as a side dish.
  • Onion or "head of cabbage"... This part is boiled, rubbed and used as a side dish. Self-contained fennel dishes - baked halves or whole tubers. You can boil the tubers a little beforehand, and sprinkle with cheese when baking.

Recipes: how to use it in food?

How to make a stew?

This vegetable dish can be prepared with fennel. The halves of vegetables are fried in a pan, garlic and salt are added, poured with wine, stewed for about 1 hour over low heat.

Sauce

It is prepared from one head of cabbage, which is finely chopped and fried with the addition of garlic. Then add 100 ml of dry vermouth and the same amount of vegetable broth. After boiling, the pan is removed from the heat and whipped cream with one yolk is added there. The sauce is put on low heat, stir and wait until thickened. Chopped fennel leaves can be added to the finished sauce..

Meat

This product can be made aniseed by cooking with fennel.

  1. Take a large onion, cut it into equal halves.
  2. Prepare the sauce from one as described above.
  3. Cut the pork into pieces, beat and fry on both sides in a pan. When the pork secretes juice, transfer it to a baking sheet and bake in the oven for another 20 minutes.
  4. On the remaining pork juice, fry the second part of the onion, having previously cut it into layers.
  5. We take the pork out of the oven, put it on the fried fennel, pour the sauce on top.

Fennel gives an unusual taste to both chicken and fish.

How to make tea?

Tea is popularly made from crushed seeds.... Although you can make a drink in the same way from the leaves.

  1. About 1 tsp. seeds are crushed and poured into a glass of boiling water.
  2. Tea is infused for 7-10 minutes.

When brewing tea, you can add other ingredients to the main one, to taste: lemon balm, anise, cumin, willow tea or chamomile.

For example, when brewing tea with chamomile, equal proportions of herbs are taken: 1 tsp. fennel and 1 tsp. chamomile in a glass of boiling water.

Decoction

To prepare a decoction for 1 tbsp. seeds are added half a liter of cold water and all this is brought to a boil. The broth lasts on low heat for 20-30 minutes... Then it is cooled and filtered.

It is imperative to store and use the broth within 48 hours! Further, the process of formation of acids takes place.

Tincture

To prepare the tincture, take 1 tbsp. fried and slightly crushed (for example, with a rolling pin) seeds and poured from 1 liter. vodka. Infusion time from 3 to 7 days. Finished tincture color - dark brown.

Salads

Onion can be added to salads without additional processing. The fennel is simply cut into thin strips, and the apple and celery are also cut. You can add lettuce and almonds to chopped vegetables. A dressing for such a salad can be wine vinegar or olive oil. The hero of our article also goes well with:

  • leek;
  • tomatoes;
  • green apples;
  • celery;
  • nuts (almonds, walnuts).

If you are an experimental summer resident, then allocate a piece of land on your plot for fennel. If you prefer traditional cultures, then think about it. After all, this the culture is not only beautiful, easy to care for and grow, but also useful... And how many delicious dishes you can cook with it. Not a plant, but a mistress's dream!


Watch the video: Proven Health Benefits of Fennel Seeds (August 2022).