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Water treatments for basil: how to water it properly outdoors and at home?

Water treatments for basil: how to water it properly outdoors and at home?



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Basil is a very popular spicy aromatic herb that can be grown both outdoors and at home on a windowsill or balcony.

The plant is unpretentious, grows well on most types of soil, does not require too frequent feeding. The only thing worth paying attention to when growing basil is proper watering, it is he who will ensure a good harvest.

This article describes in detail how to water basil outdoors and at home.

The importance of the procedure

The importance of proper watering is due to the peculiarity of the basil root system. - it spreads over a large surface, branches and does not go deep into the soil. Therefore, watering should be regular, but moderate - greens cannot receive moisture from deep soil layers, they need a lot of oxygen and loosening the earth in a pot or garden bed.

How often and at what time to spend?

The frequency of watering depends on whether spicy herbs are grown at home or outdoors, as well as on the season.

Since basil is extremely hygrophilous, it is necessary to water it in drawers daily., on hot days in summer - twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. Outdoors - at least once a day, in the morning.

The soil should always be slightly - just slightly - moist. Young shoots in boxes on the windowsill can be watered with a sprayer for indoor flowers - this way the water will be distributed as evenly as possible over the soil surface, the basil will receive foliar moisture, and the thin stems will not be damaged.

Once every two to three days, the soil must be loosened, very carefully so as not to damage the surface roots. This way, moisture will evaporate less, and the plant will receive the necessary oxygen.

It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the soil... As soon as it is even slightly dry, it is necessary to carry out the next watering.

What affects the timing?

In spring, autumn and winter, basil in pots and boxes is watered less often - once a day in the morning or in the evening, in winter the frequency of watering can be reduced to once every two days, especially if a humidifier is used at home, which does not allow the plant to dry out.

The higher the air temperature, the more often you need to water the basil.... On the hottest days, in summer, watering is carried out at least twice a day - more abundant in the morning, less in the evening. In the evening, when the heat subsides, you can spray the leaves of greenery from a spray bottle for flowers - this procedure is well done every two days.

All varieties of basil are moisture-loving, but darker varieties need more moisture and are more difficult to tolerate drought.

What kind of water to use?

For irrigation, use warm, well-settled water with a temperature of about 23 - 25 degrees. To prepare water in an apartment or house, it is necessary:

  1. prepare a container (for example, a large jar);
  2. pour tap water into it and leave on the windowsill for a day;
  3. before watering, the settled, warm water is poured into a watering can or a spray bottle, keeping a layer of several centimeters in the jar - the remaining water is poured out, it is unsuitable for irrigation.

At the dacha, it would be ideal to put a barrel or a bath with well or tap water for irrigating greenery, and the water in it is never scooped out to the bottom and from time to time the remaining liquid must be drained so that it does not stagnate.

Top dressing

Basil needs regular feeding... To provide greens with nutrients, a little sifted ash (teaspoon per liter), liquid universal fertilizer for greens, or a little humus can be added to the water every two weeks.

Step-by-step instructions for outdoor watering

  1. Prepare in advance a large container for irrigation, in which water will settle and heat up - a bucket, a barrel or a bath.
  2. A day later, when the water warms up, pour prepared water into a watering can with fine holes or into a sprayer.
  3. If necessary, add fertilizer, mix, leave for an hour.
  4. Gently, in thin streams or using a spray bottle, spray the soil under the greenery, being careful not to damage the young plants.
  5. We do not allow waterlogging - it is just as harmful as a lack of moisture.
  6. After watering with your hands or a small hoe, very carefully, on the very surface, loosen the soil.

Features of watering at home

It's easy enough to grow basil in pots or crates.... A special feature is that the mass of soil in the box is less than in the open field, and it dries out more easily and becomes waterlogged.

The boxes must have holes for water drainage, in the summertime, next to the home garden, you should constantly keep a sprayer for flowers and moisten the ground and the plant itself up to three times a day.

Possible mistakes

Lack of moisture

If there is a lack of moisture, basil will grow extremely poorly., the formation of new leaves will be slow, they will turn brown and curl into a tube, the edges of the leaves will dry out (you can find out more about why the basil did not sprout, you can grow badly what to do here).

If the tips of the leaves of greenery even turn slightly yellow, it is necessary to increase both regular watering and foliar spraying.

Waterlogging

Waterlogging of the soil is also extremely harmful.

  • On the one hand, the more moisture there is, the thicker the basil stems, the faster the fleshy aromatic leaves are formed, the stronger its unique aroma.
  • On the other hand, “waterlogged” soil can be a great place for mold to grow, which will kill the plant. If this happened you need:
    1. dry the ground (that is, do not water the plant for three days);
    2. remove the top layer of the nutrient substrate, replacing it with a fresh one, and be sure to add sifted ash to the new soil at the rate of a tablespoon per 200 grams of soil (for boxes and pots).

In the open field, you can from time to time "dust" the soil under the basil with sifted ash - this will reduce the acidity of the soil and prevent the development of mold.

Thus, watering the basil is an extremely responsible matter. It is important to regularly, at least once a day in the summer, water the plant, spray the leaves and carefully ensure that the soil is moist, but not excessively. Water only with warm, settled water, once every two weeks - a month, adding a little fertilizer.


Watch the video: How to Care for a Basil Plant: Gardening Tips (August 2022).