Such a varied lettuce salad: Riga, Tatar, Northern blush and other types and varieties

Such a varied lettuce salad: Riga, Tatar, Northern blush and other types and varieties

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Everyone knows the name of the plant "lettuce", but not everyone knows that lettuce is considered its synonym. The crispy leaves of this vegetable will complement any dish, and its composition will saturate the human body with trace elements and vitamins. Both children and adults love him.

The variety of species and varieties will help you choose the product you like the most for use in cooking, medicine or cosmetology. We will tell you everything about each variety, show it in the photo and share the secrets of caring for the plant.

How many species and varieties are there, are they all edible?

Habitat of lettuce. Lettuce includes 147 species, and about 1000 various varieties are known. Not all of them are edible. Wild lettuce must be handled with care as some of them are poisonous.

Wild species grow on the banks of rivers, on the roadsides and on wastelands of Russia, America, the Far Eastern countries, Africa and others. They are used for medicinal purposes as they have medicinal properties.

Read more about the benefits and dangers of lettuce for human health and recommendations for its use here.

Lettuce varieties can be divided into:

  • half-cabbage;
  • cabbage;
  • leafy;
  • wild-growing (weeds) species.

Next, we will talk about Tatarsky and other varieties of vegetables, show a photo.


Half-headed species are characterized by a raised rosette of leaves with a loose head of cabbage in the center.... Lettuce color can be different shades of green, purple and reddish brown. The leaves of the plant are usually round in shape with smooth, wavy or jagged edges. The most popular varieties are:


Created at the Latvian state farm "Riga". The Latin name sounds like "Lactuca sativa Rijskiy". The variety is characterized by a large semi-raised rosette with light green leaves. The leaf is large, fan-shaped with wavy edges.

The vegetable is considered early ripe and ready to eat in 50-60 days. Resistant to low temperatures and shooting.


This species has a beautiful appearance and does not pull the stem up for a long time., similar to the grade "Azart". On a raised rosette, light green curly, crispy and juicy leaves grow.

The early ripening semi-cabbage variety begins to be harvested as early as 30-40 days from the first shoots.

Northern blush

Leaves with a pinkish-burgundy hue and grooved edges delicate in taste and beautiful in appearance. But these qualities completely depend on the conditions and place of growing (you can learn more about the peculiarities of growing lettuce here). In partial shade and a greenhouse, the leaves will be more delicate and oily, and their color will be light green with a pinkish tint, the so-called blush.

In a cool or sunny place, the plant will have a rich burgundy color with rough and tough leaves. The vegetable is often used to decorate dishes.

Piano score (Klavir)

A loose head of cabbage has an oval shape. Rounded green leaves are slightly bubbly with wavy edges. The lettuce is a mid-season variety, and full ripening occurs on days 50-70.

Grand Rapids

Large plant ripening quickly with green leavesgrowing on the outlet. The leaves, corrugated at the edges and wavy on their own, are juicy and crunchy. The plant is resistant to flowering, loves sunlight. And in the shade it stretches and gives less leaves.

Within a month, it can be used to prepare and decorate meals and snacks. Because of its rich composition, lettuce is one of the healthiest vegetables.


A slightly raised rosette with leaves can reach a height of up to 27 cm. The plant has large, fan-shaped, bright green leaves. with wavy edges. Mid-season lettuce fully ripens 64-70 days after the first shoots. The disadvantage of the variety is the rapid elongation of the arrow and the short shelf life after harvest.


A fast-growing variety bred in Russian selection. The leaves, placed on a rosette, are medium in size with corrugated edges in a rich green color. Growing in a well-lit place, after 30 days, you can thin out and harvest.

Eating lettuce will lead to weight loss, which is why it is recommended during diets and sports.


Cabbage species are similar in appearance to cabbage, but have more tender and oily leaves.... The varieties are characterized by a formed dense or loose head. First, a rosette appears and only after 45-60 days a head of cabbage is formed. You can plant with seeds in open ground or through seedlings. The latter is recommended for these species. The most common are.


On a horizontal rosette there are green leaves of a rounded shape with corrugated edges. The head of cabbage is round and dense, ripens 50-70 days after the first shoots. Differs in high productivity.


Latin says "Aetna". The salad has a dense, rounded head of cabbage, green leaves with jagged edges.

The mass of the vegetable reaches 600 grams. Full maturation occurs at 70-90 days.


It has a round, dense head of cabbage with crispy and tender leaves. It can be planted directly into open ground or through seedlings. The crop can be harvested in one and a half to two months.


The late-ripening variety is characterized by excellent taste and appearance.... On a dense head of cabbage there are green leaves with burgundy-purple wavy edges. The rosette reaches a height of up to 20 cm, and a head of cabbage can weigh up to 500 g. It is a late-ripening vegetable (85 days from sowing), resistant to flowering and low temperatures.

Pirate (Pirata)

A large loose head of lettuce reaches a mass of up to 300 g. Oily leaves are green with red, pink or brown tints.

A feature of an early maturing variety (40-45 days from germination) is its unusual color, excellent taste and high yield.

Ice Queen (Glacies Regina)

A not very dense head of cabbage begins to form after the appearance of 8 leaves. Leaves are bright green, large with highly wavy and jagged edgeslike patterns of frost, hence the name. Ripening occurs on the 45-55 day, when the vegetable reaches a mass of up to 500 g.

Rosemary (Rosmarinus)

The head of cabbage is round and firm, reaching medium size. Rounded-oval green leaves with an anthocyanin (red-burgundy) tint around the edges.

Full ripening occurs 63-75 days after sowing.


Large round dense "head" with dark green leaves. They have grooved edges and a crunchy taste. The crop can be harvested 70 days after sowing. A feature of the variety is year-round cultivation.


Leafy species form bundles with 5-10 leaves... Better to plant in springtime, as in summer the stem is stretched out and the salad tastes bitter. Such species are early ripening, which will allow you to get a harvest much earlier than other species.


Light green or yellowish wavy leaves with serrated edges are collected in a bunch. The plant ripens in 30-45 days from the first shoots. Delicate and delicious.

Vegetable resistant to high temperatures and stemming.

Ballet (Lactuca sativa Balet)

Horizontal rosette with green leaves with strongly corrugated edges. It is considered a late-ripening variety. Ripens in 34 days. Easily tolerates a drop in temperature and lack of lighting.


Early ripe lettuce reaches a height of up to 30 cm. Strongly wavy and corrugated the leaves are green with red-burgundy edges... The crispy and fleshy plant ripens in 40-45 days.


The variety grows in a compact, dense bush with highly corrugated yellow leaves with red-pink edges.

The crop is ready to be harvested on day 50-55, so the plant is considered medium early.


The light green leaves grow in a small bush and are corrugated. Ripening occurs on 60-70 days. Plants that shoot an arrow lose all beneficial properties, therefore, they cannot be used.

Types and varieties of lettuce that are classified as weeds

There are some types of lettuce that grow on wastelands, along the road or on the banks of rivers. They are considered to be weeds. Some of them are poisonous.

Siberian (Sibirica)

This perennial plant can grow up to 70 cm in height. It has whole oblong leaves and small blue flowers.

It can be found on the banks of rivers and lakes, in meadows, in swampy forests and on roadsides. It is considered a rare plant, therefore it is protected in many territories.


Ply-shaped leaves and bluish-purple flowers grow on a branched stem, the height of which can reach up to 100 cm. It grows on roadsides, on wastelands and along river banks. The plant is perennial.

Wild, or compass (Lactuca serriola)

The stem, which can extend up to 120 cm, has oblong jagged leaves and small yellow flowers.

How to care for a plant?

Although the plant does not require special care, but in order to to get a good harvest, you need to remember a few rules:

  • loosen the soil in time and thin out the salad;
  • pull out all the weeds;
  • water.

Watering should be done abundantly in the heat once, in cool weather up to 2-3 times a week. It is advisable to do this in the morning. The plant does not need feeding... Salad is a very useful product, which contains many vitamins and minerals.

A variety of species and varieties will help you choose not only a vegetable you like, but also a beautiful-looking one that can be used to decorate various dishes. Lettuce can be bought at almost any store, or easily grown on your plot and windowsill.

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