Gardening

Berries

Berries


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Question: wild berries


I would like to know which is the most suitable month for planting berries.

Answer: berries


Gentile Cinzia,
in the wild berries category, also called small fruits, small fruit plants are gathered, of which we consume small berries or inflorescences; these are very different plants. Some, like strawberries and raspberries, are lively plants, or in very cold or very dry periods, they lose the aerial part or enter in vegetative rest; others, like blueberries and currants, are small shrubs; others, like the brambles, are prostrate or climbing weeds.
In general they are plants resistant to cold, so they are planted in autumn, so that plants can be properly rooted before spring, with a vigorous vegetative season, and characterized by many flowers and many fruits.
Often in the nursery it is possible to find many healthy plants of different varieties only at the end of winter, so even the end of winter is a propitious period, even though it may happen that by planting the plants when the season has already been mild for some weeks, bring a lower harvest in the first year than expected. This problem is found above all with strawberries, for the first spring harvest; with the re-flowering varieties the problem is quickly overcome with the blooms following the first one.
The plants of small fruits are very different from each other, not only as regards the vegetative habit, they are really plants, with very different needs.
Strawberries, blackberries and raspberries belong to the genus of the Rosaceae, and are among the most widespread wild berries in Italy in cultivation; they are also found in the common garden soil, although it is good to enrich the soil and work it thoroughly before placing the plants; they prefer sunny or semi-shaded locations. Especially the strawberries are much more prolific, and have a longer growing season, if placed in a semi-shaded flowerbed.
There are also hybrid varieties, produced from brambles and raspberries, or from different varieties of bramble, the name often remains the English-speaking one, also used in Italian, the most common are tayberry and boisenberry; they generally present fruits of particular color, very large and vigorous plants. Strawberries produce their fruits from late spring, varieties with particularly large or particularly tasty fruit sizes are available, as well as re-flowering varieties, which continue to bloom for most of spring and sometimes even summer. The brambles ripen at the end of summer, raspberries produce fruit in the summer, some varieties at the end of June, others in August.
Blueberries belong to the ericaceous, and like their closest relatives, they need a strongly acid soil, otherwise the leaves will turn yellow quickly and produce little or nothing.
In fact, blueberries are among the most difficult to grow berries, because they need acid soil, regular fertilization and abundant watering, given that they fear drought. Many of us have been lucky enough to taste blueberries in Italian woods, which come from small prostrate plants; the most cultivated varieties in the garden or in the orchard are small shrubs much larger than wild blueberries, and if well cultivated they give us a decidedly more substantial harvest.
Ribes and uvaspina are shrubs, in the first case compact and roundish, in the second case climbers; they are cultivated in a semi-shaded corner, with good rich soil; regular watering guarantees a generous harvest.