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Ampel plants are an excellent option for landscaping balconies, terraces, and personal plots: their hanging shoots are spectacular, and bright flowers attract attention from afar. One of these plants is a variety of the well-known and popular flower - verbena.
Next, we will talk about caring for ampelous verbena of different colors - white, pink, red and others, as well as propagation by seeds and cuttings. We will show the best varieties in the photo, so that it is easier for you to choose the most beautiful of them for your garden plot.
Botanical characteristics and history of appearance
An annual herb from the Verbenaceae family... The flowers are small (1.5 - 2 cm in diameter), each has 5 petals with thorns. Together, they form inflorescences consisting of 30-50 small flowers.
On one hanging shoot, up to 30 inflorescences can bloom at the same time, exuding a pleasant aroma.
Their color is varied:
Flowers can be solid or with light blotches in the middle.... The shape of the dark green leaves is oblong-oval or serrated; they are quite dense and pubescent. The fruit is light brown or greenish in color, resembling a nut, which subsequently breaks up into 4 parts.
The homeland of the plant is South and North America, from where it successfully migrated to Europe, the Mediterranean countries, Central Asia and the Far East. Such popularity is due to the unpretentiousness of the plant, its long flowering, an extensive palette of colors, rapid growth and spectacular appearance. In warm countries, this flower does not know a state of dormancy, but in our latitudes it is grown as an annual plant.
Features of the view
The main feature of the plant is the flowing stems., the length of which reaches 60 cm. The main purpose - growing in hanging pots, pots, hanging boxes and baskets for the purpose of landscaping balconies, terraces, gazebos.
Another feature of this plant:
- the flower is food for caterpillars and butterflies;
- is actively used in medicine (improves appetite, activates brain activity, heals abscesses);
- in cooking (used to give pickled cucumbers a special flavor);
- on the farm (verbena is an excellent honey plant).
Description and photos of varieties
Ampel verbena is an ornamental plant, which is a relatively recent result of selection, but already numbering about 250 varieties. The most popular of them should be attributed.
A variety of ampelous verbena, the creeping shoots of which reach 50 cm in length... Violet-lilac inflorescences are similar in shape to a ball. This variety is characterized by rapid vegetative growth, therefore it is often used not only for vertical gardening, but also as a ground cover crop.
The variety is characterized by increased resistance to adverse weather conditions. Awarded with the Fleurselect quality mark.
Tiara Red Impr (Red Imperial Crown)
Ampel plant attracts attention with its brightness and richness of color... Scarlet lush inflorescences look spectacular against the background of gray-green carved foliage. Flowering is long and abundant. It is unpretentious in care, has increased resistance to frost (up to -3C) and drought.
Lenai Candy Kay
Verbena ampelous series, stem length - 45 cm. Flowers are large, multicolored: on a white background, a red-crimson core in the shape of a star. It has a delicate berry aroma.
Ampel variety of verbena, the length of the shoots is 45 cm. The color of the inflorescences is lavender. Actively used for decorative purposes.
Peach and Cream
Ampel plant characterized by a combination of apricot, cream, yellow and orange flowers in one inflorescence.
This variety was awarded the Fleurselect gold medal in 1992.
We offer you to watch a video about the Peach & Cream verbena variety:
One of the oldest varieties. Its distinctive feature: elongated inflorescences are located on half-meter shoots.
Ampel verbena is bright red in color.
Hanging branched shoots of the ampelous type bear lilac-violet, purple inflorescences.
The variety is resistant to fungal infections.
The plant is characterized by creeping branched shoots, long and intense flowering, unpretentiousness, sufficient resistance to adverse environmental factors.
The Snow Queen
A mixture of ampelous verbena, numbering up to five colors of inflorescences.
Conditions of detention and care
- Lighting... Ampel verbena loves well-lit places where it will have enough light and warmth. Otherwise, flowering can not wait - all the forces of the plants will be spent on building up green mass.
- Air and temperature... This plant is resistant to unfavorable external factors, including fluctuations in air temperature: it tolerates drought well, and can also withstand frosts down to -3C.
- The soil... Ampel verbena does not impose special requirements on the soil. But it is better if the soil is loose and light. This effect can be achieved by adding sand to ordinary garden soil.
- Watering... The flower loves moderate but systematic watering. The best option is to prevent the topsoil from drying out, especially during extreme heat. It is enough to water the plant three times a week.
For the purpose of retaining moisture in the soil, the bush can be mulched with sawdust, moss or rotted leaves. With the onset of autumn, watering usually stops.
- Top dressing... Like all plants, ampelous verbena varieties need additional nutrition. During the period of active growth of deciduous mass, the plant should be fed with fertilizers with a high percentage of nitrogen content, and during the flowering period, complex fertilizers will be needed, the components of which will be potassium, phosphorus, manganese.
It is possible to use organic matter, especially for verbena planted in open ground. It will be enough to pre-fertilize the soil with humus before planting (5 kg per 1 sq. M). Fertilizers are usually applied 3-4 times per season.
Planting and transplanting
The optimal planting time is considered to be May-June.... When planting verbena in a flowerpot, one should proceed from its volume:
- 2 - 3 shoots should be planted in a five-liter container;
- for a seven-liter, the number of seedlings can be increased to 4 - 5.
When planting in open ground, the ampelous begonias are planted with a density of 40 plants per 1 square meter, making indents between the seedlings of 25 - 30 cm.
The best plant transplant method is the plant transplant method... The essence of this method is to move the plant from one place to another along with the earthy clod, which avoids injury to the root system.
Learn more about the basic rules for planting and caring for vervain here.
The main methods of reproduction of ampelous verbena are cuttings and propagation by seeds.
Read more about growing and reproducing verbena from seeds and cuttings in this article.
The mother plant, extracted from the soil together with an earthen lump, must winter in a room where the average temperature in the cold season ranges from +5 to + 10C.
- In February - March, the apical part with 5 - 6 leaves is cut off from the shoots.
- There must be a distance of 1 cm between the lower node on the handle and the cut point.
- The lower leaves should be cut from the cutting, treated with a root stimulant with the tip and buried in loose soil (sand and peat in a 1: 1 ratio) to the bottom pair of cut leaves.
- From above, the container is covered with glass or polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect: the "greenhouse" is systematically opened for ventilation.
- The soil is moistened as the top layer dries.
The rooting process lasts about 20 - 30 days, after which young shoots can be planted in a permanent place.
We offer you to watch a video about grafting ampel verbena:
This method of reproduction is usually carried out 2 months before the ampelous begonia is planted in a permanent place (February - March). Verbena seeds have good germination rates.
- For their germination, it is necessary to fill a shallow container with sand (perlite), moisten it.
- Place seeds on the surface without burying or crushing them with the substrate.
- After that, the container is covered with glass or plastic wrap in order to create conditions close to those of a greenhouse, and placed in a warm place (the temperature should not be lower than + 25C).
- The shelter should be systematically opened, the container should be ventilated in order to prevent putrefactive processes.
- When the first shoots appear (after 20-30 days), the temperature can be lowered by 5 degrees, remove the glass, provide the seedlings with good lighting (you can use a phytolamp).
- Then each plant should be dived (after the appearance of 2 true leaves) into separate containers.
- After 5 - 6 (7 - 8 cm) leaves are released, pinching is done (the top of each shoot is broken off to ensure future good branching of the bush).
Diseases and problems of growing
Ampel verbena is an unpretentious plant. It will not give the grower much trouble. The only disease that a plant will necessarily undergo in case of excessive watering and high air temperatures is powdery mildew.
There are also possible lesions by rot, black leg, spotting, but these cases are infrequent. Special drugs sold in specialized stores (Fundazol, Saprol) can help to cope with such problems.
Ampel verbena is susceptible to aphid attacks... You can fight this pest with the help of purchased means, or you can also use folk methods: 300-400 g of laundry soap is rubbed on a grater and mixed with 10 liters of water. This solution should be used to rinse the leaves of the plant affected by aphids.
A bright cascade of multi-colored ampel verbena flowers will decorate any garden plot or balcony. In addition, the unpretentiousness of the plant, its resistance to diseases make the ampelous verbena one of the most popular flowers in the world.
We offer you to watch a video about ampelous verbena: