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Experienced gardeners know how important it is to find the right type of radish. Its yield, taste, ripening time depend on this. Due to the peculiarities of the Siberian climate, it is necessary to select the right varieties.
Further in the article, we will talk about how the climate of Siberia differs from other regions and what varieties of radish are recommended to be selected for planting in order to get the best quality harvest. You will see a photo of the varieties with a detailed description of them.
Siberian climate depends on regions... In its western part, the climate is continental. This territory is well protected by the Ural Mountains, so it is not affected by the Atlantic air masses. In the warm season (from April to September), cool winds blow from the Arctic Ocean. Cyclones and anticyclones bring cold arctic air masses.
In the cold season, a dry wind comes from Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, which makes the weather sunny and frosty. Unlike the European part of Russia, the weather in Siberia is stable. The average annual moisture content is about 300-600 mm. Most of the rainfall occurs in summer and autumn. Snow falls about 100 mm. Most of the territories of western Siberia are swamps.
Winter in the northern part lasts about 9 months, in the middle - 7 months, and in the south - 5 months. The average winter temperature in the southern part of western Siberia is -16 ° C, and in the northern part —30 ° C. Average temperatures in the summer months range from + 1 ° C in the north to + 20 ° C in the south.
In Eastern Siberia, the climate is sharply continental, dry and harsh. In winter, southerly winds also prevail, which contributes to the establishment of clear and frosty weather. Dry wind from Asia also prevails in spring and summer, but sometimes it is replaced by sea air masses from the Pacific Ocean and Arctic icy winds. Precipitation falls unevenly, from 250 to 800 mm per year.
Because of these factors, the planting of radishes in Siberia begins later and ends earlier than in the European part of Russia.
For Siberia, it is necessary to choose cold-resistant varieties... Depending on the region, the root crop must also be resistant to dryness or moisture. Early-maturing varieties are suitable for growing in spring: they allow you to quickly get a harvest, while there are still no pests. And also they are less sick with fungal and viral diseases.
List of varieties
For open ground
There are many good outdoor radish varieties. They differ, first of all, in terms of ripening.
Ripening occurs in 18-20 days. The yield is up to 1 kg / m2. The root vegetable tastes good. The pulp is juicy. The hybrid is cold-resistant, resistant to flowering, cracking, and lethargy. The fruit is oblong and has a rounded tip. The color is dark.
You will find more information about this variety in a dedicated article.
It is a popular variety. Many summer residents use it. Ripens in about 18-25 days... The pulp is juicy, slightly spicy, richer in vitamin C than other varieties. He does not tolerate heat well. Or you need to cover with a canopy. The yield of this variety is 0.9-2.9 kg / m2
We will tell you more about the Zhara variety in a special article.
The flesh of the root vegetable is crispy, sweet and slightly spicy, juicy. The fruit is rounded, burgundy in color. Ripening period - 24-31 days. Productivity is about 1.1-1.8 kg / m2. Germination rate is 99%. It can grow on different soil of different fertility. However, it cannot be stored for a long time.
We suggest watching a useful video about the Early Red radish variety:
This variety is only suitable for summer cultivation.... It ripens in 31-35 days. The harvest reaches 1–1.6 kg / m2. Root crops have the correct round shape and raspberry color. The pulp is slightly tangy, with a delicate taste. Among the disadvantages: after ripeness, it quickly gives an arrow and flabbers.
You can learn more about the Sachs radish variety in this helpful video:
You can find more information about this variety in this article.
Ripens within 20-30 days. The appearance is unusual: spherical and yellow in color. The pulp is spicy and delicate in taste. Grown all season: from April to August. The yield is 2.3 kg / sq.
This species is resistant to cracking and shooting. Sometimes the pulp is streaked... The yield reaches 2.4 kg / m2. Amicable crop formation.
It ripens in 23-32 days. The pulp has a delicate and pleasant taste. The fruit is white and oval, slightly flattened. The average yield is up to 1.7 kg / sq.
White elongated radish, similar to a radish. The length of one fruit is up to 16 cm, weight is from 30 to 50 g. The pulp is juicy and spicy, ideal for salads... Resistant to flowering, therefore can be planted in summer. Productivity 3.2-4.2 kg per meter. Ripens 25 - 35 days.
You will learn more about the Ice Icicle radish variety in this video:
From our special publications you can also learn about the characteristics and rules of growing such varieties of radish as Diego and Sora.
It gives a good harvest - up to 3 kg / m2, resistance to pests and long storage time (up to 4 months in the sand). Ripens 36 - 40 days. Radish is large, up to 14 cm in length, elongated, has a bright scarlet color. The core is juicy, with a slightly spicy taste. Sowing is carried out from mid-July.
Heat-resistant variety, loves watering. Resistant to color. Planted in July. The pulp is buttery, with a mild taste. Matures up to 48 days, stored very well... Fruit diameter up to 7 cm, weight - from 40 to 75 g.
This variety does not form a void inside the root crop and is resistant to lethargy. It grows amicably. Yields a yield of up to 1.1–2.7 kg / m2. The fruit is large, elongated, crimson, smooth. From the moment of sowing to ripening, 40 days pass.
Now let's take a look at which varieties are best suited for greenhouses. Although some varieties for open ground can also be planted in the greenhouse.
Features of the Champion variety have been reviewed by us here.
Violetta - a root crop of an unusual purple color, rounded... It matures in 25 days. The advantage is that this radish remains firm and juicy for a long time.
18 days is a popular type of radish. It matures, as indicated, in 18 days. It does not give an arrow, the taste is delicate, there is little spice in it. The fruit is cylindrical. Doesn't give an arrow.
We talked more about the "18 days" variety in this article.
Ultra early red
Ultra-early red is a standard type of root crop that ripens in 20 days. The taste is slightly pungent. Weighs up to 15 g. The leaves are edible, you can use them for salad.
Würzburg 59 - the advantages of this variety are that it is stored for a long time and does not crack, even if it is overripe. Resistant to drought, flowering... Root crops are raspberry, rounded, of small mass. High productivity. Ripens 25-35 days after planting.
Autumn giant - gives a huge root crop in 140 -170 g. The skin is thick, which allows the vegetable to be stored for a long time. Both the peel and the flesh are white.
Zlata is a rounded root vegetable, pink with a white tip. (The more water, the more white in color) Ripens in about 45 days. The yield is up to 5 kg / m2. Produces a good yield in almost all conditions, but it is higher with abundant watering. It is perfectly stored, keeping its marketable appearance.
Cherriet F1 is a very high-yielding hybrid, from 4 kg / m2. The fruits are round, small. Resistant to parasites. Does not fade for a long time and retains its presentation... Ripens in 45 - 50 days.
More information about Cherriet can be found here.
With small roots
For growing radishes at home, varieties that produce small roots are suitable.
Dabel is an early ripening variety that ripens up to 25 days. Resistant to cavity formation in the pulp. The root crop is even, small and globular.
You can read about the features of the Dabel variety in this publication.
Deca is a good variety because it does not bloom even with prolonged lighting and elevated temperatures. Fruit diameter up to 3 - 3.2 cm... The color of the vegetable is with a red tint, bright crimson. Ripens within 20 days after sowing.
French breakfast is a popular variety. It ripens in 20-25 days. Even overripe, the skin remains soft and does not acquire bitterness. Elongated pink root crop.
We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the French breakfast radish in this useful video:
You can learn about the rules for planting and growing varieties of French breakfast from a special material.
Radish seeds are sold in online stores, in flower shops, specialized shops for gardeners. The price depends on the region, variety, manufacturer, margin. The cost of seeds in Moscow and St. Petersburg does not differ... If you do not take into account the very expensive varieties, then on average a pack will cost 13-15 rubles.
For each region, climate and planting time, you need to choose your own varieties. Early ripe radish is suitable for planting in spring. For planting in the house, resistance to heat, light and color is important, as well as small size. For planting in open ground or a greenhouse, Siberians need to pay attention to cold-resistant types of radish.