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How to care for a jasmine gardenia? Description with a photo and rules for growing a house

How to care for a jasmine gardenia? Description with a photo and rules for growing a house



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Jasmine gardenia can beautify any home. It is fragrant with a light delicate aroma of jasmine and blooms with snow-white flowers with a waxy structure.

If you follow the rules of cultivation, the plant will be healthy and viable. This beauty comes from the subtropics, grows naturally in Japan, China, South Africa. To create conditions close to natural, it is possible, of course, only in a greenhouse, but at home you can provide a gardenia with sufficient care, allowing you to admire the beauty of this plant.

Later in the article, we will tell you when a jasmine gardenia blooms and how to transplant a flower.

Botanical characteristics and history of origin

The jasmine gardenia is a member of the Marenov family. The lush and green bush stands out for its decorative effect, and the flowers grow singly or are collected in inflorescences of 4-6 pieces. They are mostly snow-white, but there are vanilla, pink and yellow hues.

The history of the jasmine gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) began in the 13th century. It was first described by Alexander Garden, a botanist from America. It was in his honor that the plant was named. Florists called the jasmine gardenia a Japanese beauty. It is native to India, China and subtropical African forests. In the middle of the 18th century, the plant appeared in Europe, where its crown began to form.

Description

The plant develops bush-like, and in the open field it can reach a height of 2 m.Under indoor conditions, the bush grows about 50 cm.

Jasmine gardenia leaves:

  • glossy;
  • dark green;
  • oval with pointed ends (up to 10 cm long).

Snow-white double flowers reach 7-10 cm in diameter. They exude a pleasant delicate aroma of jasmine.

A photo

Here you can see a photo of a jasmine gardenia:




Landing

In order for the jasmine gardenia to grow and bloom successfully, it is required to use acidic soil and a pot that should be 1.5-2 cm larger than the root system of the plant. It is also important to comply with all conditions of care.

Priming

Jasmine gardenia loves acidic soil, and it hardly blooms in alkaline and neutral soils. You can buy ready-made soil for it, for example, soil for azaleas is suitable. The finished mixture is made on the basis of coniferous peat and heather soil.

You can find out more about the necessary soil and fertilizers for gardenia in this article.

How to take care of at home?

Jasmine gardenia - moody flowerthat needs careful and painstaking care. With proper care, it will produce a fragrant and lush bloom for several months.

You can view step-by-step instructions for caring for a flower at home here.

Lighting and location

Jasmine gardenia does not tolerate direct sunlight. In its natural habitat, it usually grows under trees. Leaves are burned in direct sunlight. At home, the plant is best placed on a pallet by a window on the west or east side. In this case, the place in the room should be with diffused light. In winter, you need to provide backlighting using a fluorescent or LED lamp.

Important! Jasmine gardenia does not like drastic changes, so it often does not need to be rearranged.

Temperature

It is imperative to observe the temperature regime, since the plant feels well at a temperature of + 22 ° C. In the daytime, it can be increased to + 20 ° С, and at night it can drop to + 16 ° С.

Mass formation of buds occurs at a temperature of + 16 ° C ... + 18 ° C, but at higher rates, the plant will direct all its forces into the growth of new branches. Hypothermia of the roots and drafts are unacceptable. You can put polystyrene under the pot - this will help protect the roots from freezing in winter.

Air humidity

Jasmine gardenia is a tropical plantwhich needs high humidity. For this reason, it is better to put it on a pallet with water and wet expanded clay. But you need to ensure that a lot of water does not get on the roots. The plant can be sprayed, in the warm season - up to three times. It is also allowed to give the jasmine gardenia a warm shower, but making sure that the water does not fall on the flowers.

It is not the plant that is sprayed, but the air around it, since water droplets on flowers and leaves greatly spoil the decorative appearance.

Watering

Water the gardenia from above with boiled water at room temperature. After 20 minutes, drain the water from the sump. In winter, watering is reduced, but the soil should not be dry. From mid-spring to early autumn, it is necessary to maintain soil moisture, while avoiding dampness.

Earth

You can prepare the soil for jasmine gardenia yourself. You need to take in equal proportions:

  • land from coniferous forests;
  • coarse sand;
  • sod land;
  • high-moor peat;
  • deciduous ground.

It is important to maintain the acidity of the soil. This can be done by adding a few drops of lemon to the water for irrigation, or using sphagnum, manure, compost from oak leaves.

Fertilizers

Jasmine gardenia is nourished in autumn and spring. This should be done twice a month. Mineral and organic fertilizers, complex liquid consistency products for flowering plants or azaleas are suitable for her. You can perform foliar nutrition once a week, sprinkling it with mineral fertilizers.

Attention! The composition of fertilizers should not include calcium, since the Japanese beauty from it slows down growth and does not bloom.

Read about why the gardenia plant does not bloom and what to do for the buds to appear in this article.

Activity period

The jasmine gardenia begins its active growth in early spring, and in winter it slows down. Thanks to the pruning procedure, its growth can be significantly stimulated.

Care after purchase

It is not recommended to disturb the plant after purchase. He needs to adapt after the stress of transportation and relocation. Sometimes, upon arrival home, the gardenia can shed its buds. This is a reaction to the move. The adaptation period lasts 2-3 weeks, after which the flower can be transplanted, but not during flowering.

Pruning

In order to form a lush beautiful bush and new buds after flowering, the jasmine gardenia must be cut off. The shape is given by pinching the top of the shoots. After the plant has faded, it is necessary to remove crooked and weak shoots, and cut off strong ones by 1/3. By pinching the top of the crown and cutting off the lower branches, you can make the bush miniature. Usually, an adult plant is pinched once a year.

Blooming jasmine beauty

The jasmine gardenia blooms in March and lasts until September. First, the plant prepares for this process, then buds appear in April-March. During the flowering period, do not transplant, move or move the flower. Otherwise, the plant will drop flowers. They bloom in turn, so flowering often lasts two months. The blossoming flower stays on the bush for about 4 days. After it has faded, it must be cut off so that new flowers begin to form.

Transfer

Before you start replanting the plant, you need to prepare the substrate and a good pot. The transplant is performed about once every 3 years - it all depends on the growth of the root system. Soil renewal should be done in early spring and only after flowering. Jasmine gardenia does not tolerate a transplant, therefore for faster adaptation and recovery, the transshipment method is recommended:

  1. The soil is watered abundantly and a plant with a clod of earth is removed from the pot.
  2. A thick layer of drainage is laid out on the bottom of the new pot.
  3. Gardenia is placed in a pot with soil and sprinkled with soil.

Jasmine gardenia transplant using the transshipment method:

Life span

Wild jasmine gardenia lives in its natural habitat for 15-20 years. At home, this period is reduced to 10 years. If the care and premises do not meet the requirements of this rather capricious flower, then the life expectancy will not be more than a year. Young plants grow and bloom well, so many recommend not keeping them for more than 4 years, but growing several young gardenias at once.

How to reproduce?

Jasmine gardenia is bred in two ways - seed and vegetative. Read more about gardenia breeding methods here.

Growing from seeds

Seed propagation is carried out from late February to mid-March. In this case, you need to use purchased seed or collect it yourself. The main thing here is that it is fresh.

Before sowing, the seeds should be soaked for a day, after which they should be planted in the ground. It should be at room temperature. Spray the soil from above with water from a spray bottle. The container is placed in a mini-greenhouse, where the temperature is at least + 25 ° C. After 30 days, you can see the first shoots. A flower grown from seed blooms after two years.

Read about how to grow a gardenia from seeds at home in a separate article.

Video on how to propagate gardenia using seeds:

Propagation by cuttings

The vegetative method involves preliminary pruning of the plant:

  1. Leaves are removed from strong and healthy shoots (length 10 cm), leaving 2-3 pieces on top.
  2. The cut is treated with root powder, then placed in a sand-peat mixture.
  3. Then it is covered with transparent polyethylene, creating greenhouse conditions. By using bottom heating with a lamp, root formation can be accelerated.
  4. Cuttings are regularly watered and sprayed with water, and the greenhouse is ventilated.

A month later, the seedlings are rooting, which are transplanted into a pot.

Video about the propagation of gardenia jasmine cuttings:

Diseases and pests

If the jasmine gardenia does not bloom, withers and does not grow, then pests have appeared. It is mainly susceptible to attack:

  • whitefly;
  • scabbards;
  • thrips;
  • mealybug;
  • spider mite;
  • aphids.

When the first signs appear, it is necessary to spray the plant with an odorless insecticidal solution - Decis, Aktelik, Fitoverm. For greater effect, you need to repeat the procedure after 5 days. The infected leaves are removed and the gardenia is isolated from other flowers.

More about what diseases and pests affect gardenia and how to deal with them, we talked here.

Leaves turn black and fall

If the lower leaves are damaged first, this signals a root problem, nutrient deficiency or flooding. The reason may be excessive soil compaction, lack of air access. It is necessary to pay attention to the drainage holes, they can become clogged. In this case, cleansing will help. If the leaves are blackened on top, then the plant may be affected by insects.

Leaves turn yellow

Yellowing of leaves can be triggered by damage to the roots and an improperly selected irrigation system. Both lack and excess of moisture negatively affect the root system. As a result, yellow leaves appear, sometimes with brown spots. Another reason may be low room temperature and improper soil composition.

You can find out why gardenia leaves turn yellow, blacken and fall off and how to deal with it here.

Why doesn't it bloom?

There are some of the most common reasons gardenia does not bloom:

  • alkaline soil;
  • lack of light;
  • dry air;
  • incorrect temperature conditions;
  • deficiency of nutrients, especially phosphorus, magnesium, potassium and iron.

How to save a houseplant?

In order to save the plant, it must be placed in a bright place, avoiding bright sunlight. It is necessary to use only boiled and settled water for irrigation. The pot must be placed on a tray of water for additional feeding. The flower must be fertilized.

Taking proper care of your jasmine gardenia requires a lot of attention and patience. But as a result, the Japanese beauty will thank you with a light jasmine scent and delicate snow-white flowers.

Gardenia is an incredibly beautiful evergreen shrub that can be grown both outdoors and at home. Florists have at least 250 species.

We offer you to watch a video about what a jasmine gardenia plant is and how to properly care for it:


Watch the video: Plant Health u0026 Disease Troubleshooting Guide (August 2022).